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The braille alphabet used to write Hungarian is based on the international norm for the 26 basic letters of the Latin script. However, the letters for q and z have been replaced, to increase the symmetry of the accented letters of the Hungarian alphabet, which are largely innovative to Hungarian braille.[1][2]

Hungarian Braille
Type
alphabet
Languages Hungarian
Parent systems
Braille
  • Hungarian Braille
Print basis
Hungarian alphabet

Contents

AlphabetEdit

The Hungarian alphabet is:

A Á B C Cs D Dz Dzs E É F G Gy H I Í J K L Ly M N Ny O Ó Ö Ő P (Q) R S Sz T Ty U Ú Ü Ű V (W) (X) (Y) Z Zs

The letters that conform to traditional braille are:

 
a
 
b
 
c
 
d
 
e
 
f
 
g
 
h
 
i
 
j
 
k
 
l
 
m
 
n
 
o
 
p
 
r
 
s
 
t
 
u
 
v
 
w
 
x
 
y

The accented vowel letters are derived from their base letters through stretching or reflection as follows. The traditional letter for q (which is not part of the basic Hungarian alphabet) has been reassigned to ö, and an unused pattern has been assigned to ü:

 
a
 
e
 
i
 
o
 
ö
 
u
 
ü
 
q
 
ä
 
á
 
é
 
í
 
ó
 
ő
 
ú
 
ű

This creates the following symmetrical pattern for the umlauted vowels:

 
ö
 
ő
 
ü
 
ű

(Ä is not part of the basic Hungarian alphabet.)

The consonant digraphs are derived from their base letters as follows. The traditional letter for z has been replaced, and is used for a parenthesis. As with the accented vowels, the majority of digraphs are created through reflection:

 
c
 
g
 
l
 
n
 
t
 
s
 
z
 
cs
 
gy
 
ly
 
ny
 
ty
 
sz
 
zs
  
ccs
  
ggy
  
lly
  
nny
  
tty
  
ssz
  
zzs

This creates the following pattern among the sibilants:

 
s
 
sz
 
z
 
zs

PunctuationEdit

Unlike English or French Braille, Hungarian Braille has separate opening and closing symbols for both parentheses and quotation marks.

 
,
 
.
 
 ;
 
 :
 
-
  
'
 
 ?
 
 !
   
„     ”
   
(     )
  
/

Mathematics and computer notationEdit

 
number sign (#)
  
Dollar sign ($)
   
percent sign (%)
  
ampersant (&)
 
plus sign (+)
 
asterisk / multiplication sign (*)
  
division sign (/)
 
equality sign (=)
 
at sign (@)
 
backslash (\)
  
caret (^)
  
underscore (_)
 
`
  
tilde / similarity sign (~)
  
paragraph sign (§)
  
euro (€)
  
bullet sign (•)
  
degree (°)

Roman NumeralsEdit

the roman numerals use the capital letters of i, v, x, l, c, m

  
I
    
II
     
III
    
IV
  
V
    
VI
     
VII
      
VIII
    
IX
  
X
    
XI
    
XX
     
XXI
     
XXX
      
XXXI
    
XL
     
XLI
  
L
    
LI
    
LX
     
LXI
  
C
    
CI
  
M
    
MI

FormattingEdit

 
(num.)
 
(caps)

ReferencesEdit