Humboldt–Toiyabe National Forest

The Humboldt–Toiyabe National Forest (HTNF) is the principal U.S. National Forest in the U.S. state of Nevada, and has a smaller portion in Eastern California. With an area of 6,289,821 acres (25,454.00 km2), it is the largest U.S. National Forest outside of Alaska.

Humboldt–Toiyabe National Forest
The Humboldt–Toiyabe National Forest in the Spring Mountains
Map showing the location of Humboldt–Toiyabe National Forest
Map showing the location of Humboldt–Toiyabe National Forest
LocationCalifornia and Nevada, United States
Nearest cityReno, Nevada
Coordinates39°15′15″N 117°07′40″W / 39.254041°N 117.127767°W / 39.254041; -117.127767
Area6,289,821 acres (25,454.00 km2)[1]
EstablishedHumboldt July 1, 1908; Toiyabe March 2, 1907[2]
Governing bodyU.S. Forest Service
WebsiteHumboldt–Toiyabe National Forest
Interactive map of Toiyabe National Forest


The lands now part of Humboldt-Toiyabe have been administratively reorganized many times, and include parts of several defunct national forests. The oldest of these is Ruby Mountains National Forest, established on May 3, 1906. In 1908, it was combined with Independence National Forest to form Humboldt National Forest. Toiyabe National Forest was established March 2, 1907. It ceased to exist in 1932, when it was absorbed by Nevada National Forest, but was reestablished in 1938 from parts of Humboldt and Nevada. The last major reorganization occurred on October 1, 1957, when Nevada National Forest was dissolved and its lands divided between Humboldt and Toiyabe.[3]

Humboldt and Toiyabe National Forests were administratively joined in 1995. Though managed as a single entity, the two forests remain legally and geographically distinct.[4]


HTNF is unlike most other national forests as it contains numerous non-contiguous sections scattered across most of the state of Nevada and a portion of eastern California. Seven ranger districts are located in the many mountain ranges in Nevada, from the Santa Rosa Range in the north to the Spring Mountains near Las Vegas in the south. About 11% of the forest is in eastern California, in the areas around Bridgeport and Markleeville, and other areas east of the Sierra Nevada.

The forest lies in 13 counties in Nevada and six in California. The counties with the largest amount of forest land are Nye, Elko, and White Pine in Nevada, and Mono County in California, but there are 15 other counties with land in this widely dispersed forest. Forest headquarters are located in Sparks, Nevada.

Humboldt National Forest sectionEdit

The smaller and more northeasterly Humboldt National Forest is located in eastern and northern Nevada, in parts of Elko, White Pine, Humboldt, Nye, and Lincoln counties. The section is named after Alexander von Humboldt, a nineteenth-century Prussian scientist,[5] and contains about 43.5% of the total area. Local ranger district offices are located in Ely, Elko, Wells, and Winnemucca.

Toiyabe National Forest sectionEdit

The larger and more southwesterly Toiyabe National Forest is located in central, western, and southern Nevada and eastern California, in parts of Nye, Lander, Mineral, Lyon, Eureka, Washoe, Douglas, and Clark counties, and Carson City in Nevada, as well as Mono, Alpine, Sierra, Nevada, Lassen, and El Dorado counties in California. Toiyabe is a Native American name.[6] The section contains about 56.5% of the total area. Local ranger district offices are located in Austin, Bridgeport, Carson City, Las Vegas, and Tonopah. Bridgeport is the only station that is in California.

Ranger DistrictsEdit

Summer wildflowers in Copper Basin (Jarbidge and Mountain City ranger districts)
  • Austin Ranger District – around Austin, including Shoshone Mountains
  • Bridgeport Ranger District – around Bridgeport
  • Carson Ranger District – near Carson City
  • Ely Ranger District – around Ely, Nevada
  • Jarbidge Ranger District – near Jarbidge
  • Mountain City Ranger District – near Mountain City
  • Ruby Mountains Ranger District – Ruby Mountains and East Humboldt Range
(formerly Ruby Mountains National Forest)

Wilderness areasEdit

Copper Basin in the Jarbidge Wilderness

Humboldt National ForestEdit

Toiyabe National ForestEdit

The Santa Rosa Range of the Santa Rosa–Paradise Peak Wilderness


Lake Tahoe's eastern shoreline is within the Carson ranger district

In descending order of forest land area within the counties:[8]

Nevada countiesEdit

California countiesEdit


  1. ^ "Humboldt–Toiyabe National Forest". U.S. Department of Agriculture. June 2014. Retrieved June 10, 2014.
  2. ^ "Land Areas of the National Forest System" (PDF). U.S. Forest Service. November 2014. Retrieved August 9, 2015. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ Davis, Richard C., ed. (1983). "Appendix I: The National Forests of the United States" (PDF). Encyclopedia of American Forest and Conservation History, Vol. II. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company for the Forest History Society.
  4. ^ Richa, Wilson (24 Dec 2009), History of the Toiyabe National Forest (PDF)
  5. ^ "Humboldt–Toiyabe National Forest Visitor Guide". United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. p. 2. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  6. ^ "Friends of Nevada Wilderness".
  7. ^ "Acreage breakdown". Archived from the original on 2012-06-30. Retrieved 2013-12-28.
  8. ^

External linksEdit