The Key of Croatia (Croatian: Ključ Hrvatske) was a populist political party in Croatia.

The Key of Croatia
Ključ Hrvatske
PresidentIvan Vilibor Sinčić
FounderIvan Pernar
Founded2 June 2011
Dissolved3 March 2024
Merged intoLaw and Justice
HeadquartersSavska cesta 41
Zagreb, Croatia
Membership (2023)12,580[1]
European affiliationEuropean Alliance for Freedom and Democracy
Five Star Direct Democracy (2019)
European Parliament groupNon-Inscrits
Colours  Gold
0 / 151
European Parliament
1 / 12

Until the party changed its name on 21 May 2022, it was known as Human Shield (Croatian: Živi zid, literally translated as "Living Wall") and was formed out of an anti-eviction group of the same name. The group opposed foreclosures by occupying property and forming a "human shield", hence the name.[8][9][2][10][11]

The party was founded on 2 June 2011 as the Alliance for Change (Croatian: Savez za promjene).[12]and operated under that name until it became Human Shield in 2014 ahead of the 2014–15 presidential election, supporting the candidacy of Ivan Vilibor Sinčić.

The party refused to be characterized as being left or right and claimed adherence to humanist values.[13]

On February 3, 2024, the party merged with the Let's Change Croatia party and the independent list of Mislav Kolakušić into the Law and Justice. The party's previous president, Ivan Vilibor Sinčić, became the vice president of the newly formed option.

Ideology and principles edit

The party has been described as having "praised the writings of David Icke" and "pushed a number of conspiracy theories about chemtrails and vaccinations".[14] An article for the magazine Jacobin by Juraj Katalenac described the party as a populist group that "is often portrayed as part of the left, but it offers more conspiracies theories than progressive policies."[15]

The party believes that the current monetary system is unfair and unsustainable because it is based on money as debt, i.e. all the money in circulation comes as a loan with an interest rate that never went into circulation (only principal did), which is, according to the party, the cause of many evictions in Croatia.

The party stands for:[13]

  • realization of the monetary sovereignty of the Republic of Croatia and the implementation of a non-credit monetary system;
  • implementation of a fair and efficient judicial system, and in particular the prohibition of inhumane and unconstitutional enforcement procedures, enforcement of the only home and secret procedures of state bodies;
  • respecting the dignity, freedoms and rights of citizens, regardless of religious and ethnic affiliation, age, gender or social status;
  • the development of a just society, and especially the protection of citizens from the oppressive, corrupt and arbitrary actions of state bodies;
  • protection of cultural and natural heritage and human environment;
  • realization of the guaranteed rights of people to health care, education, social care, work, family and other rights;
  • realization and protection of the rights of workers, people who live from work and on the basis of their work;
  • implementation of renewable energy sources;
  • protection of animal rights.

Electoral results edit

Presidential elections edit

Presidency of Croatia
Election year Candidate First Round Second Round
# of

overall votes

% of

overall vote

# of

overall votes

% of

overall vote

2014–15 Ivan Vilibor Sinčić 293,570 16.4 (#3)
2019–20 endorsed Mislav Kolakušić 111,916 5.95 (#4)

Parliament (Sabor) edit

Election In coalition with Votes won Percentage Seats won Change Government
(Coalition totals) (ŽZ only)
2011 (December) (as Savez za promjene)


15,379 0.63
0 / 151
 0 Extra-parliamentary
2015 (November) None 94,877 4.24 (#4)
1 / 151
  1 Opposition
2016 (September) Let's Change Croatia, Youth Action,

Alphabet of Democracy, HDSS, Međimurje Party

117,208 6.23 (#4)
8 / 151
  7 Opposition
2020 (July) (as 'Enough of Robbery')

SIP, NLSP, Let's Change Croatia, HSS SR, HSSČKŠ, ZSZ, Youth Action

37,628 2.26 (#7)
0 / 151
  8 Extra-parliamentary

European Parliament edit

Election In coalition with Votes won Percentage Seats won Change
April 2013 ASH-DSŽ-SUH 6,391 0.86% (#14)
0 / 12
May 2014 None

(as Savez za promjene)

4,313 0.47 (#10)
0 / 11
May 2019 None 60,847 5.7 (#5)
1 / 12

References edit

  1. ^ "Izvješće o obavljenoj financijskoj reviziji - Živi zid za 2022" (PDF). State Audit Office (in Croatian). 10 October 2023. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  2. ^ a b c "Ključ Hrvatske za 2022" (PDF) (in Croatian). Tportal. 21 January 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
  3. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2020). "Croatia". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  4. ^ "The Rise of New Challenger Parties in Croatia: Party System Stability Endangered?". Retrieved 10 April 2024.
  5. ^ "Živi zid se i dalje zalaže za izlazak Hrvatske iz EU i NATO" (in Serbian). Blic. 30 April 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  6. ^ "European Parliament elections preview: Croatia". EUROPP. 18 May 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2024.
  7. ^ "Croatia". Europe Elects. Retrieved 14 March 2022.
  8. ^ Milekic, Sven (14 October 2015), "'Outsider' Parties to Influence Croatia Poll Outcome", BalkanInsightPrelec, Tena (7–9 November 2015). "Croatian elections: a final look at the parties and the campaign". EuroPP – European Politics and Policy. London School of Economics and Political Science. Comment.Neubert, Nils (28 December 2014). "Croatians disillusioned with politics - and the EU". DW.
  9. ^ Zulianello, Mattia (2020). "Varieties of Populist Parties and Party Systems in Europe: From State-of-the-Art to the Application of a Novel Classification Scheme to 66 Parties in 33 Countries". Government and Opposition. 55 (2): 327–347. doi:10.1017/gov.2019.21. hdl:11368/3001222. S2CID 200013354.
  10. ^ "Year of registration" (in Croatian). Živi zid. 2014. Archived from the original on 12 September 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  11. ^ "Sinčić: Živi zid mijenja ime u Ključ Hrvatske" [Sinčić: The Human Shield changes its name to The Key of Croatia]. N1 (in Croatian). 21 May 2022. Retrieved 30 May 2022.
  12. ^ "Središnji državni ured za razvoj digitalnog društva - Političke stranke i izbori" (in Croatian). Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Statut" [Statute] (PDF). Ključ Hrvatske. Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  14. ^ Oltermann, Philip; Walker, Shaun; Giuffrida, Angela (27 May 2019). "An NBA star, a TV chef and a comedian: meet some of the new MEPs". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 March 2022.
  15. ^ Katalenac, Juraj (15 December 2016). "Neoliberalism in the Rose Garden". Jacobin. Retrieved 14 March 2022.

External links edit