Human Shield (political party)
Human Shield (Croatian: Živi zid, literally translated as "Living Wall") is a populist political party in Croatia, formed out of an anti-eviction group of the same name. Also known as Human Blockade, the group opposes foreclosures by occupying property and forming a "human shield", hence the name. The party was founded on 2 June 2011.
|President||Ivan Vilibor Sinčić|
|Founded||2 June 2011|
|Headquarters||Savska cesta 41|
|European Parliament group||Non-Inscrits|
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The party grew out of the organization that operated until 2014 as the Alliance for Change (Croatian: Savez za promjene). The organization formed into a party ahead of the 2014–15 presidential election, supporting the candidacy of Ivan Vilibor Sinčić.
The party believes that the current monetary system is unfair and unsustainable because it is based on money as debt, i.e. all the money in circulation comes as a loan with an interest rate that never went into circulation (only principal did), which is, according to the party, the cause of many evictions in Croatia.
The party stands for:
- non-credit money (the state must have the power of making money, and not the private banks)
- audit and prosecution of the 1990s process of privatization and ownership transformation
- legal prohibitions of permanent evictions and confiscation of the only real estate in which the defendant lives alone or with his family
- revival of Croatian agriculture
- thorough reform of the judiciary and public administration
- lustration of the corrupt staff
- free health care and education
- lower taxes
- termination of the Constitutional Court
- abolition of the compulsory HRT subscription
- personal freedoms
- withdrawal from NATO, proclamation of military neutrality and withdrawal of Croatian soldiers from all military missions abroad
- thorough reform of the European Union so it would become "a true European dream - unifying the continent on equal and social grounds"
- opposition to the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership
- full ban on Genetically modified organism (GMO) products
- full legalization of marijuana
- animal and environmental protection
- recognition of the State of Palestine
- full secularization
|Presidency of Croatia|
|Election year||Candidate||First Round||Second Round|
|2014–15||Ivan Vilibor Sinčić||293,570||16.4 (#3)|
|Election||In coalition with||Votes won||Percentage||Seats won||Change||Government|
|(Coalition totals)||(ŽZ only)|
|2011 (December)||(as Savez za promjene)
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|2015 (November)||None||94,877||4.24 (#4)||
1 / 151
|2016 (September)||Let's Change Croatia, Youth Action,
Alphabet of Democracy, HDSS, Međimurje Party
8 / 151
|2020 (July)||(as 'Enough of Robbery')||37,628||2.26 (#7)||
0 / 151
|Election||In coalition with||Votes won||Percentage||Seats won||Change|
|April 2013||ASH-DSŽ-SUH||6,391||0.86% (#14)||
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(as Savez za promjene)
0 / 11
|May 2019||None||60,847||5.7 (#5)||
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- "Živi zid: socijal-populizam na hrvatski način" (in Croatian). Tportal. 21 January 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- "Živi zid se i dalje zalaže za izlazak Hrvatske iz EU i NATO" (in Serbian). Blic. 30 April 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2020). "Croatia". Parties and Elections in Europe.
- Milekic, Sven (14 October 2015), "'Outsider' Parties to Influence Croatia Poll Outcome", BalkanInsight
Prelec, Tena (7–9 November 2015). "Croatian elections: a final look at the parties and the campaign". EuroPP – European Politics and Policy. London School of Economics and Political Science. Comment.
Neubert, Nils (28 December 2014). "Croatians disillusioned with politics - and the EU". DW.
- Zulianello, Mattia (2019). "Varieties of Populist Parties and Party Systems in Europe: From State-of-the-Art to the Application of a Novel Classification Scheme to 66 Parties in 33 Countries". Government and Opposition: 4.
- "Year of registration" (in Croatian). Živi zid. 2014. Archived from the original on 12 September 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- "Središnji državni ured za razvoj digitalnog društva - Političke stranke i izbori" (in Croatian). Digured.hr. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
- "Živi zid" (PDF). Retrieved 24 April 2017.
- Official website (in Croatian)