The House of Dadiani (Georgian: დადიანი [dadiani]), later known as the House of Dadiani-Chikovani,[1] was a Georgian family of nobles, dukes and princes, and a ruling dynasty of the western Georgian province of Mingrelia.

Parent houseHouse of Vardanisdze

The House of Dadiani edit

The first data about the family dates back to 1046 AD. Presumably, the Dadiani descended from a certain Dadi, of the House of Vardanisdze. Appointed as hereditary eristavi (dukes) of Odishi (Samegrelo) in reward for their military services, the family had become the most powerful feudal house in western Georgia by the 1280's. At that time, the branches of the family governed also Svaneti, Guria, and Bedia.

In 1542 AD, Duke Levan I Dadiani became hereditary Prince (mtavari) of Mingrelia and established himself as an independent ruler. His descendant Prince Levan III Dadiani was forced to abdicate in 1691 AD and Dadiani’s relatives from the House of Chikovani, hitherto Princes of Salipartiano, inherited the title of Princes of Mingrelia and the surname of Dadiani. The original dynasty of Dadiani thus went extinct into what genealogists have termed the House of Dadiani-Chikovani.[1] Accepting Russian sovereignty in 1802, the Dadiani were elevated to the dignity of Prince of the Russian Empire (Russian: Дадиани) and enjoyed significant independence in their home affairs. Russia made a de facto annexation of Samegrelo in 1857, but Samegrelo remained nominally in existence until January 4, 1867, when Niko Dadiani, the last Prince of Samegrelo, was deposed and the principality was abolished.[2] Prince Niko Dadiani officially renounced his rights to the throne in 1868.

Dukes (eristavi) and Princes (mtavari) of Mingrelia edit

David Dadiani, Ruler of Mingrelia
Ekateriné Dadiani-Chavchavadze, Princess of Mingrelia
Niko Dadiani,Elder Son of David
Salome Dadiani, Daughter of David
Andria Dadiani, Younger Son of David
Dadiani Palace in Zugdidi.
Tsalenjikha Cathedral which contains the Dadiani dynastic chapels. Built in the 12-14th century.

Heads of the Princely House of Mingrelia edit

Other members of the family edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b Toumanoff, Cyril (1963), Studies in Christian Caucasian History, p. 269
  2. ^ Smithsonian Institution & National Parliamentary Library of Georgia (2013). "Samegrelo: A Historical Overview". Dadiani Dynasty. Smithsonian Institution. Archived from the original on 2017-10-11. Retrieved 2017-03-15.

External links edit