Honda J engine

The J-series is Honda's fourth production V6 engine family introduced in 1996, after the C-series, which consisted of three dissimilar versions. The J-series engine was designed in the United States by Honda engineers. It is built at Honda's Anna, Ohio, and Lincoln, Alabama, engine plants.

Honda J engine
Honda J35A Engine.JPG
Overview
ManufacturerHonda Motor Manufacturing
Production1996–
Layout
Configuration60° V6
Displacement
  • 2.5 L; 152.3 cu in (2,495 cc)
  • 3.0 L; 182.9 cu in (2,997 cc)
  • 3.2 L; 195.9 cu in (3,210 cc)
  • 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • 3.7 L; 223.6 cu in (3,664 cc)
Cylinder bore
  • 86 mm (3.39 in)
  • 89 mm (3.5 in)
  • 90 mm (3.54 in)
Piston stroke
  • 71.6 mm (2.82 in)
  • 86 mm (3.39 in)
  • 93 mm (3.66 in)
  • 96 mm (3.78 in)
Block materialAluminum
Head materialAluminum
ValvetrainSOHC 4-valve with VTEC
DOHC 4-valve (J30AC only)
Compression ratio9.8:1, 10.0:1, 10.5:1, 11.0:1, 11.2:1, 11.5:1
RPM range
Redline6,900
Combustion
TurbochargerTwin-scroll (some versions)
Fuel system
ManagementVCM
Fuel typeGasoline
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Output
Power output200–355 hp (149–265 kW)
Torque output177–354 lb⋅ft (240–480 N⋅m)
Dimensions
Dry weight250–360 lb (110–160 kg)
Emissions
Emissions control technologyCatalytic converter (some versions)
Chronology
PredecessorHonda C engine

It is a 60° V6 – Honda's existing C-series were 90° engines. Unlike the C series, the J-series has never been used in a longitudinal application; the J-series was specifically designed for transverse mounting. It has a shorter bore spacing (98 mm (3.86 in)), shorter connecting rods and a special smaller crankshaft than the C-series to reduce its size. All J-series engines are gasoline-powered, use four valves per cylinder, and have a single timing belt that drives the overhead camshafts. VTEC variable valve timing is used on all applications, with the only exception being the J30AC, which uses Variable Timing Control (VTC) instead.

One unique feature of some J-family engine models is Honda's Variable Cylinder Management (VCM) system. Initially, the system turns off one bank of cylinders under light loads, turning the V6 into a straight-3. Some versions were able to turn off one bank of cylinders or one cylinder on opposing banks, allowing for three-cylinder use under light loads and four-cylinder use under medium loads.

J25AEdit

The J25A was used only in the Japanese domestic Inspire/Saber models. The J25A displaced 2.5 L; 152.3 cu in (2,495 cc). Its bore and stroke was 86 mm × 71.6 mm (3.39 in × 2.82 in). The J25A used a 10.5:1 compression ratio and was a SOHC VTEC design. Output was 200 hp (149 kW) at 6200 rpm and 24.5 kg⋅m (240 N⋅m; 177 lb⋅ft) of torque at 4600 rpm. It had a variable intake manifold to optimize torque output across varying engine speeds and engine response.[1]

J25AEdit

J30AEdit

The J30A displaces 2,997 cc (3.0 L; 182.9 cu in) and is a SOHC VTEC design. Its bore and stroke is 86 mm × 86 mm (3.39 in × 3.39 in). Output for the lightweight (Actual complete running engine including flywheel, less starter is 152 kg)250 lb (110 kg) J30A1 was 210 hp (157 kW) at 5500 rpm and 200 lb⋅ft (271 N⋅m) of torque at 4800 rpm. The J30A4 pushed output to 242 hp (180 kW) and 212 lb⋅ft (287 N⋅m) using a three-way VTEC system, a higher (10.0:1) compression ratio and a novel exhaust manifold cast as one piece with the cylinder head. It weighs nearly 20 lb (9.1 kg) less and is an inch shorter than J30A1. This version was on the Ward's 10 Best Engines list for 2003 and 2004. The IMA hybrid version was on the list for 2005. In 2006 Honda created the J30A5 to mark the 30th anniversary of the Accord. It boosted output to 244 hp (182 kW) (SAE Net 08/04) and 211 lb⋅ft (286 N⋅m) (SAE Net 08/04) of torque. According to Honda, horsepower gains were achieved with improvements to the airflow of the intake and exhaust system.

J30A1Edit

J30A3Edit

J30A4Edit

J30A5Edit

  • 2005-2007 Honda Accord V6
  • 2003-2007 Honda Inspire
  • Displacement: 3.0 L; 182.9 cu in (2,997 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 86 mm × 86 mm (3.39 in × 3.39 in)
  • Power: 244 hp (182 kW) at 6244 rpm
  • Torque: 211 lb⋅ft (286 N⋅m) at 5000 rpm
  • Redline: 6,800 rpm
  • Compression: 10.0:1
  • Valve Train: 24-Valve SOHC i-VTEC

J30ACEdit

(Turbo)

  • 2021+ Acura TLX Type-S
  • 2022+ Acura MDX Type-S
  • Displacement: 3.0 L; 182.9 cu in (2,997 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 86 mm × 86 mm (3.39 in × 3.39 in)
  • Power: 355 hp (265 kW) at 5500 rpm
  • Torque: 354 lb⋅ft (480 N⋅m) at 1400 rpm[5]
  • Compression: 9.8:1
  • Valve Train: 24-Valve DOHC with VTC

J30Y1Edit

JNA1Edit

  • 2005-2007 Honda Accord Hybrid[6]
  • Displacement: 3.0 L; 182.9 cu in (2,997 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 86 mm × 86 mm (3.39 in × 3.39 in)
  • Power: 255 hp (190 kW) at 5400 rpm
  • Torque: 232 lb⋅ft (315 N⋅m) at 4500 rpm
  • Compression: 10.5:1
  • Valve Train: 24-Valve SOHC i-VTEC

J32Edit

The J32A displaces 3,210 cc (3.2 L; 195.9 cu in) and is a SOHC VTEC design. Its bore and stroke is 89 mm × 86 mm (3.50 in × 3.39 in). Output was 225 hp (168 kW) at 5600 rpm and 217 lb⋅ft (294 N⋅m) at 4700 rpm for the J32A1, with the J32A2 raising output to 260 hp (194 kW) at 6200 rpm and 232 lb⋅ft (315 N⋅m) at 3500-5500 rpm. A more aggressive camshaft, more free flowing intake/exhaust, and a 2-stage intake manifold produced a 33.55 hp (25.02 kW) increase over the J32A1. The J32A3's output in the 2004/2005 TL is 270 hp (201 kW). Due to changes in SAE testing methods, 2006-2008 model years have a reduced output rating of 258 hp (192 kW), despite being mechanically identical. The J32A3 includes a one-piece exhaust manifold cast with the cylinder head, first introduced on the J30A4.

J32A1Edit

J32A2Edit

J32A3Edit

  • MY 2004-2008 Acura TL[9]
  • 3.2-liter SOHC V-6 aluminum alloy engine
  • (MY 2004-2005) 270 hp (201 kW) at 6200 rpm and 238 lb⋅ft (323 N⋅m) of torque at 5000 rpm
  • (MY 2006-2008) 258 hp (192 kW) at 6200 rpm and 233 lb⋅ft (316 N⋅m) of torque at 5000 rpm
  • Variable Valve Timing and Lift Electronic Control (VTEC)
  • Dual-stage induction system
  • Cold-air intake system
  • Computer-controlled Programmed Fuel Injection (PGM-FI)
  • Direct ignition system
  • Unique exhaust manifolds that are cast directly into the head
  • High flow close-coupled catalytic converters
  • VTEC engagement: 4,700 rpm

J35Edit

J35AEdit

The J35A is a SOHC VTEC design. Its weight is 360 lb (163 kg) running. The Honda Marine BF200-series marine engine shares its internals with the J35A.[10]

J35A1Edit

  • 1999-2001 Honda Odyssey[11]
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Power: Premium - 210 hp (157 kW) Regular -205 hp (153 kW)
  • Torque: Premium - 229 lb⋅ft (310 N⋅m) Regular - 217 lb⋅ft (294 N⋅m)

J35A3Edit

  • 2001-2002 Acura MDX[12]
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Power: 240 hp (179 kW) at 5800 rpm
  • Torque: 242 lb⋅ft (328 N⋅m) at 4500 rpm

J35A4Edit

  • 2002-2004 Honda Odyssey[13]
  • 2003-2004 Honda Pilot[14]
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Power: 240 hp (179 kW) at 5400 rpm
  • Torque: 242 lb⋅ft (328 N⋅m) at 4500 rpm
  • Compression: 10.0:1
  • Valve Train: 24-Valve SOHC VTEC
  • Fuel control: Multi-point fuel injection

J35A5Edit

  • 2003-2006 Acura MDX[15]
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Power: 265 hp (198 kW) at 5800 rpm
  • Torque: 250 lb⋅ft (339 N⋅m) at 3500 rpm
  • Compression: 10.0:1
  • Valve Train: 24-Valve SOHC VTEC

J35A6Edit

  • 2005-2010 Honda Odyssey Van, LX, EX
  • 2007+ (With revised bellhousing) Honda Odyssey
  • 2005 Honda Pilot
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Power: 255 hp (190 kW) at 5600 rpm
  • Torque: 250 lb⋅ft (339 N⋅m) at 4500 rpm
  • Compression: 10.0:1
  • Valve Train: 24-Valve SOHC VTEC
  • Fuel control: Multi-Point Fuel Injection

J35A7 - VCMEdit

Variable Cylinder Management Piston Oil Jets

  • 2005-2010 Honda Odyssey EX-L, Touring
  • 2007-2010 REVISED BELLHOUSING to Round Shape Honda Odyssey EX-L, Touring
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Power: 255 hp (190 kW) at 5600 rpm
  • Torque: 250 lb⋅ft (339 N⋅m) at 4500 rpm
  • Compression: 10.0:1
  • Valve Train: 24-Valve SOHC i-VTEC

J35A8Edit

  • 2004-2008 Honda Legend KB1 (Designation as "J35a" on block)
  • 2005-2008 Acura RL[16]
  • 2007-2008 Acura TL Type-S[17]
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Power: 286 hp (213 kW) at 6200 rpm[18]
  • Torque: 256 lb⋅ft (347 N⋅m) at 5000 rpm[18]
  • Compression: 11.0:1
  • Valve Train: 24-Valve SOHC VTEC
  • On the Ward's 10 Best Engines list for 2005, 2008 and 2009.

J35A9Edit

  • 2006-2008 Honda Ridgeline
  • 2006-2008 Honda Pilot (4WD models)[19]
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Power: 247 hp (184 kW) at 5750 rpm
  • Torque: 245 lb⋅ft (332 N⋅m)
  • Compression: 10.0:1
  • Fuel control: Multi-point fuel injection; PGM-FI
  • VTEC engagement: 4,400 rpm

J35SEdit

J35S1Edit

  • 2004-2007 Saturn Vue also referred to as GM L66
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Power: 248 hp (185 kW) at 5800 rpm
  • Torque: 242 lb⋅ft (328 N⋅m) at 4500 rpm
  • Has revised bell housing Honda round style along with revised cylinder heads with single exit port
  • Renamed J35A5 from the 2003-2006 Acura MDX with different cam profiles; uses the h5 awd/fwd automatic transmission (and transfer case if applicable) along with the same wire harness and ECU

J35ZEdit

 
J35Z2

The J35Z engines use a die-cast aluminum block with cast-iron cylinder sleeves.

J35Z1 - VCMEdit

  • 2006-2008 Honda Pilot (front-wheel drive only)
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Compression: 10.5:1
  • Power: 244 hp (182 kW) at 5750 rpm
  • Torque: 240 lb⋅ft (325 N⋅m) at 4500 rpm
  • Valvetrain: 24V SOHC i-VTEC
  • Fuel control: Multi-point fuel injection, PGM-FI

J35Z2 - VCMEdit

  • 2008-2012 Honda Accord (except V6 6MT coupe)
  • 2010-2012 Honda Accord Crosstour / Honda Crosstour
  • 2013-2018 Acura RDX
  • 2007-2012 Honda Inspire (Japanese market, marked as J35A 280ps)
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Compression: 10.5:1
  • Power: 268 hp (200 kW) at 6200 rpm (Acura RDX 278 hp (207 kW) at 6200 rpm)
  • Torque: 254 lb⋅ft (344 N⋅m) at 5000 rpm (Acura RDX 251 lb⋅ft (340 N⋅m) at 5000 rpm)
  • Valvetrain: 24V SOHC i-VTEC VCM
  • Fuel control: Multi-point fuel injection; PGM-FI
  • Redline: 6,800 rpm


J35Z3Edit

  • 2008-2012 Honda Accord 6MT Coupe
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Compression: 10.0:1
  • Power: 268 hp (200 kW) at 6200 rpm[20]
  • Torque: 254 lb⋅ft (344 N⋅m) at 5000 rpm
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC VTEC
  • Fuel control: Multi-point fuel injection; PGM-FI

J35Z4 - VCMEdit

  • 2009-2015 Honda Pilot
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Compression: 10.5:1
  • Power: 250 hp (186 kW) at 5700 rpm
  • Torque: 253 lb⋅ft (343 N⋅m) at 4800 rpm
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC i-VTEC
  • Fuel control: Multi-point fuel injection; PGM-FI

J35Z5Edit

  • 2009-2014 Honda Ridgeline
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Compression: 10.0:1
  • Power and torque: 250 hp (186 kW) at 5700 rpm; 247 lb⋅ft (335 N⋅m) at 4300 rpm
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC VTEC
  • Fuel control: Multi-point fuel injection; PGM-FI

J35Z6Edit

  • 2010-2014 Acura TSX V-6
  • 2009-2014 Acura TL (Non SH-AWD)
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Compression: 11.2:1
  • Power and torque: 280 hp (209 kW) at 6200 rpm; 254 lb⋅ft (344 N⋅m) at 5000 rpm
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC VTEC
  • Fuel control: Multi-point fuel injection; PGM-FI

J35Z8 - VCMEdit

  • 2011-2017 Honda Odyssey (North America)
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Compression: 10.5:1
  • Power and torque: 248 hp (185 kW) at 5700 rpm); 250 lb⋅ft (339 N⋅m) at 4800 rpm
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC i-VTEC
  • Fuel control: Multi-point fuel injection; PGM-FI

J35YEdit

J35Y1 - VCMEdit

  • 2013-2017 Honda Accord V-6
  • 2013-2015 Honda Accord Crosstour
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Compression: 10.5:1
  • Power: 278 hp (207 kW) at 6,200 rpm
  • Torque: 252 lb⋅ft (342 N⋅m) at 4,900 rpm
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC VTEC (Traditional VTEC cam profiles on front bank intake valves (cylinder 4,5,6) plus VCM on rear bank (cylinder 1,2,3)
  • Ignition control type: ECU -Coil on Plug
  • Fuel control: Multi-Point Fuel Injection[21]
  • Redline: 6,800 rpm[22]
  • Fuel Cut off: 7,300 rpm?
  • VTEC engagement: 5,150 rpm[23]

J35Y2Edit

  • 2013-2017 Honda Accord V-6 6MT (MANUAL ONLY)
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Compression: 10.0:1[24]
  • Power: 278 hp (207 kW) at 6,200 rpm
  • Torque: 252 lb⋅ft (342 N⋅m) at 5,300 rpm[24]
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC VTEC (Traditional VTEC cam profiles on Intake Valves)
  • VTEC engagement: 4,900 rpm[23]

J35Y4 - VCMEdit

  • 2014+ Acura RLX/Honda Legend
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Compression: 11.5:1
  • Power: 310 hp (231 kW) at 6,500 rpm
  • Torque: 272 lb⋅ft (369 N⋅m) at 4,500 rpm
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC VTEC (VTEC on intake valves only)
  • Redline: 6,800 rpm
  • Fuel cutoff: 7,200 rpm
  • Induction/Fuel Delivery: Naturally Aspirated - Direct Injection

J35Y5 - VCMEdit

  • 2014-present Acura MDX
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Compression: 11.5:1
  • Power: 290 hp (216 kW) at 6,200 rpm
  • Torque: 267 lb⋅ft (362 N⋅m) at 4,500 rpm
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC VTEC (VTEC on intake valves only)
  • Redline: 6,800 rpm
  • Fuel cutoff: 7,200 rpm
  • Induction/Fuel Delivery: Naturally Aspirated - Direct Injection

J35Y6 VCMEdit

  • 2015-2020 Acura TLX
  • 2016+ Honda Pilot
  • 2017+ Honda Ridgeline
  • 2018+ Honda Odyssey (North America)[25]
  • 2019+ Honda Passport
  • Displacement: 3.5 L; 211.8 cu in (3,471 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 89 mm × 93 mm (3.50 in × 3.66 in)
  • Compression: 11.5:1
  • Power: Acura TLX: 290 hp (216 kW) at 6,200 rpm
  • Torque: Acura TLX: 267 lb⋅ft (362 N⋅m) at 4,500 rpm
  • Power: Honda Pilot, Ridgeline, Passport, and Odyssey: 280 hp (209 kW) at 6,000 rpm
  • Torque: Honda Pilot, Ridgeline, Passport, and Odyssey: 262 lb⋅ft (355 N⋅m) at 4,700 rpm
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC i-VTEC (VTEC on intake valves only)
  • Redline: 6,800 rpm
  • Fuel cutoff: 7,200 rpm
  • Induction/Fuel Delivery: Naturally Aspirated - Direct Injection
  • VTEC engagement: 5,350 rpm[26]

J37Edit

The J37 uses a die-cast aluminum block with aluminum cylinder liners. Primarily due to the cylinder liners being made from aluminum instead of cast-iron the engine weighs less than the J35Z engines. The intake manifold is made from a cast magnesium alloy.

J37A1Edit

  • MY 2007-2013 Acura MDX
  • Revised bellhousing
  • Displacement: 3.7 L; 223.6 cu in (3,664 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 90 mm × 96 mm (3.54 in × 3.78 in)
  • Compression: 11.0:1 (2007-2009); 11.2:1 (2010-2013)
  • Power; torque: 300 hp (224 kW) at 6000 rpm; 275 lb⋅ft (373 N⋅m) at 5000 rpm (2007-2009)
  • Power; torque: 300 hp (224 kW) at 6300 rpm; 270 lb⋅ft (366 N⋅m) at 4500 rpm (2010-2013)
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC VTEC
  • Fuel control: Multi-point fuel injection; PGM-FI

J37A2Edit

  • MY 2009-2012 Acura RL
  • Displacement: 3.7 L; 223.6 cu in (3,664 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 90 mm × 96 mm (3.54 in × 3.78 in)
  • Compression: 11.2:1
  • Power; torque: 300 hp (224 kW) at 6300 rpm; 271 lb⋅ft (367 N⋅m) at 5000 rpm
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC VTEC (intake and exhaust)
  • Fuel control: Multi-point fuel injection; PGM-FI

J37A4Edit

  • 2009-2014 Acura TL SH-AWD
  • Displacement: 3.7 L; 223.6 cu in (3,664 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 90 mm × 96 mm (3.54 in × 3.78 in)
  • Compression: 11.2:1
  • Power; torque: 305 hp (227 kW) at 6300 rpm; 273 lb⋅ft (370 N⋅m) at 5000 rpm
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC VTEC (intake and exhaust)
  • Fuel control: Multi-point fuel injection; PGM-FI

J37A5Edit

  • 2010-2013 Acura ZDX
  • Displacement: 3.7 L; 223.6 cu in (3,664 cc)
  • Bore and stroke: 90 mm × 96 mm (3.5 in × 3.8 in)
  • Compression: 11.2:1[27]
  • Power; torque: 300 hp (224 kW) at 6300 rpm; 270 lb⋅ft (366 N⋅m) at 4500 rpm
  • Valvetrain: 24v SOHC VTEC (intake and exhaust)
  • Fuel control: Multi-point fuel injection; PGM-FI

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Honda Japan Introduced the New Inspire/Saber Series Developed and Produced in the U.S. Oct 15, 1998". World.honda.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-09. Retrieved 2012-01-27.
  2. ^ "More Than Half of Acura's U.S. Vehicle Sales in Brand's 30-year History Have Been Made in North America - Honda.com". news.honda.com. Archived from the original on 2017-09-09.
  3. ^ Vasilash, Gary S. "The Accord's Awesome Launch". www.adandp.media. Archived from the original on 2018-05-11.
  4. ^ "Welcome to Honda Manufacturing of Ohio". ohio.honda.com. Archived from the original on 2017-09-09.
  5. ^ https://www.acura.com/tlx/features
  6. ^ "Honda's Accord Hybrid outdrives its sibling". 30 September 2004. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017.
  7. ^ Passell, Perer (November 8, 1998). "Behind the wheel/Acura 3.2TL; The Luxuries add up except on the sticker". New York Times. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
  8. ^ Smith, Steven Cole (February 2000). "2001 Acura 3.2 CL". Car and Driver. Hearst Communications. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
  9. ^ a b "Acura TL - First Drive Review - Reviews - Car and Driver". October 2003. Archived from the original on 2017-09-09.
  10. ^ Beard, David (15 August 2020). "The Engine You're Driving Might Live a Cooler Life on the Water".
  11. ^ Vasilash, Gary S. "Building the Odyssey: Honda's Biggest Vehicle". www.adandp.media. Archived from the original on 2018-05-11.
  12. ^ Lienert, Dan. "Acura MDX Vs. Volvo XC90". Archived from the original on 2017-09-09.
  13. ^ "2002 Honda Odyssey -- Introduction". news.honda.com. Archived from the original on 2017-09-09.
  14. ^ "2002 Production-Ready Pilot Steers Course For Honda Lineup". world.honda.com. Archived from the original on 2017-09-09.
  15. ^ "-Tribune from Alexandria, Indiana". October 16, 2002. p. 15. Archived from the original on September 9, 2017.
  16. ^ "Acura RL - Road Test - Reviews". Car and Driver. December 2004. Archived from the original on 2017-09-09.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-09-09. Retrieved 2017-09-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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