Holland Park's affluence can be attributed to five factors. These are its attractive, tree-lined, large Victorian townhouses; proximity to similar private housing estates; Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens centrepiece parks of London, centred about two kilometres away; and its nearby retail/leisure. Many shops, cultural tourist attractions, luxury spas, hotels and restaurants are around Holland Park such as High Street Kensington, Notting Hill, Holland Park Avenue, Royal Crescent, Westbourne Grove, Clarendon Cross and Ledbury Road. Portobello Market and Notting Hill Carnival are centred north of the area.
The original estate did have a clear boundary when owned by Henry Vassall-Fox, 3rd Baron Holland, forming the private park to his main home at Holland House. Today's subdistrict within Kensington, London has no official boundaries — roughly Kensington High Street to the south, Holland Road to the west, Holland Park Avenue to the north and Kensington Church Street to the east. Holland Park Avenue is at the boundaries of the four electoral wards of Norland, Holland, Pembridge and Campden.
Holland Park (the Street)Edit
The houses in the streets named Holland Park are some of the most expensive in London and are famed for their size and width (each is 45 feet (14 m) wide) being double fronted and on wide treelined streets. The street is popular with celebrities, embassies and wealthy businessmen — once home to (amongst others) Sir Richard Branson and currently David Beckham and his wife Victoria Beckham. Holland Park the street is, esoterically, three linked roads (amid which is Holland Park Mews) constructed between 1860 and 1880 in projects of master builders William and Francis Radford who were contracted to build and built over 200 houses in the area.
Holland Park (public park)Edit
Holland Park covers about 22 hectares (54 acres). The northern half of the park is semi-wild woodland, the central section around the ruins of Holland House is more formal with several garden areas, and the southernmost section is used for sport.
Holland House is now a fragmentary ruin, having been devastated by incendiary bombing during the Second World War in 1940, but the ruins and the grounds were bought by London County Council in 1952 from the last private owner, the 6th Earl of Ilchester. Today the remains of the house form a backdrop for the open air Holland Park Theatre, which is the home of Opera Holland Park. The Design Museum lies to the south (formerly the site of the Commonwealth Institute).
The park contains a cafe as well as the Belvedere Restaurant that is attached to the orangery, a giant chess set, a cricket pitch, tennis courts, two Japanese gardens - the Kyoto Garden (1991) and Fukushima Memorial Garden (2012), a youth hostel, a children's playground, squirrels and peacocks. In 2010, the park set aside a section for pigs whose job was to reclaim the area from nettles etc., in order to create another meadow area for wild flowers and fauna. Cattle were used subsequently to similar effect.
The Holland Park Ecology Centre (2013), operated by the borough's Ecology Service, offers environmental education programs including nature walks, talks, programs for schools and outdoor activity programs for children.
The district was rural until the 19th century. Most of it was formerly the grounds of a Jacobean mansion called Holland House. In the later decades of that century the owners of the house sold off the more outlying parts of its grounds for residential development, and the district which evolved took its name from the house. It also included some small areas around the fringes which had never been part of the grounds of Holland House, notably the Phillimore Estate (there are at least four roads with the word Phillimore in their name) and the Campden Hill Square area. In the late 19th century a number of notable artists (including Frederic Leighton, P.R.A. and Val Prinsep) and art collectors lived in the area. The group were collectively known as "The Holland Park Circle". Holland Park was for the most part very comfortably upper middle class when originally developed and in recent decades has gone further upmarket.
Of the nineteenth-century residential developments of the area, one of the most architecturally interesting is The Royal Crescent designed in 1839. Clearly inspired by its older namesake in Bath, it differs from the Bath crescent in that it is not a true crescent at all but two quadrant terraces each terminated by a circular bow in the Regency style which rises as a tower, a feature which would not have been found in the earlier classically inspired architecture of the eighteenth century which the design of the crescent seeks to emulate. The design of the Royal Crescent by the planner Robert Cantwell in two halves was dictated by the location of the newly fashionable underground sewers rather than any consideration for architectural aesthetics.
The stucco fronted crescent is painted sandstone, in the style of the many Nash terraces which can be elsewhere in London's smarter residential areas. Today many of these four storey houses have been converted to apartments, a few remain as private houses. The Royal crescent is listed Grade II. Aubrey House is situated to the North-East of the park.
Holland Park is now one of the most expensive residential districts in London or anywhere in the world, with some large houses listed for sale at over £10,000,000. Several foreign countries maintain their embassies here.
In popular cultureEdit
Kate Atkinson's 2013 novel Life After Life sets lead character Ursula Todd's wealthy and free-spirited Aunt Izzy in Holland Park. She and her partner witness the 1940 burning of Holland House while raiding her aunt's wine cellar.
- Television and film references
The main characters in the British comedy As Time Goes By (TV series) live in Holland Park. Various exterior locations can be seen in many episodes.
- "London's Places" (PDF). The London Plan. Greater London Authority. 2011. p. 46. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
- "Parks & Gardens UK Holland Park, Kensington, England". web page. Copyright Parks and Gardens Data Services Ltd. 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2009-09-27.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Making mates on giant chessboard in Holland Park | News". Thisislondon.co.uk. 1 November 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- Development of the Norland Estate. Archived 2008-08-27 at Archive.today
- "Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Townscape Analysis" (PDF).
- The Royal Crescent, Holland Park Archived 2008-06-10 at Archive.today
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Holland Park.|
- Map of Holland Park - the word "Kensington" is printed across the middle of Holland Park. Kensington is a large district and Holland Park is a subsection of it. The heart of London is off the map to the right.
- The local council's page on the park
- Friends of Holland Park
- Opera Holland Park
- Holland Park Chess