Higashimatsuyama, Saitama

Higashimatsuyama (東松山市, Higashimatsuyama-shi) is a city located in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 January 2021, the city had an estimated population of 90,456 in 41,124 households and a population density of 1400 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 65.33 km2 (25.22 sq mi).[2]

Higashimatsuyama 
東松山市
Higashimatsuyama City Hall
Higashimatsuyama City Hall
Flag of Higashimatsuyama 
Official seal of Higashimatsuyama 
Location of Higashimatsuyama in Saitama Prefecture
Location of Higashimatsuyama in Saitama Prefecture
Higashimatsuyama  is located in Japan
Higashimatsuyama 
Higashimatsuyama 
 
Coordinates: 36°2′31.8″N 139°23′59.7″E / 36.042167°N 139.399917°E / 36.042167; 139.399917Coordinates: 36°2′31.8″N 139°23′59.7″E / 36.042167°N 139.399917°E / 36.042167; 139.399917
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureSaitama
Area
 • Total65.35 km2 (25.23 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2021)
 • Total90,456
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreePinus
- FlowerPaeonia suffruticosa
Phone number0493-23-2221
Address1-1-58 Matsuba-cho, Higashimatsuyama-shi, Saitama-ken 355-8601
WebsiteOfficial website
Higashimatsyma Botan-dori

GeographyEdit

Higashimatsuyama is located in the geographic center of Saitama Prefecture.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

Saitama Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Higashimatsuyama has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Higashimatsuyama is 14.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1351 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3.6 °C.[3]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Higashimatsuyama peaked in early 1990s.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 22,512—    
1930 24,904+10.6%
1940 26,218+5.3%
1950 36,099+37.7%
1960 38,267+6.0%
1970 50,383+31.7%
1980 63,889+26.8%
1990 84,394+32.1%
2000 92,929+10.1%
2010 90,103−3.0%

HistoryEdit

Higashimatsuyama developed as a castle town from the Kamakura period, and was ruled as an outlier of Kawagoe Domain (later Maebashi Domain) during the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate. The town of Matsuyama was established within Hiki District, Saitama with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. Matsuyama merged with the villages of Ooka, Karako, Takasaka and Nomoto on July 1, 1954, and was elevated to city status as Higashimatsuyama.[5]

GovernmentEdit

Higashimatsuyama has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 21 members. Higashimatsuyama, together with the towns of Kawashima and Yoshimi, contributes two members to the Saitama Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Saitama 11th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

Traditionally the economy of Higashimatsuyama was dominated by sericulture and silk weaving. Modern Higashimatsuyama has several industrial parks with a wide variety of light and medium manufacturing. Due to its geographic location, the city also serves as a bedroom community.

EducationEdit

UniversitiesEdit

Primary and secondary educationEdit

  • Higashimatsuyama has 11 public elementary schools and five public middle schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Saitama Prefectural Board of Education. In addition, there is one private middle school and one private high school. The prefecture also operates one special education school for the handicapped.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  Tobu RailwayTobu Railway - Tōbu Tōjō Line

HighwayEdit

Sister citiesEdit

Local attractionsEdit

  • Maruki Gallery for the Hiroshima Panels
  • Peony Walk Higashimatsuyama
  • Shobo-ji temple

Noted people from HigshimatsuyamaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Higashimatsuyama city official statistics" (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ [1] Higashimatsuyama city official home page statistical data
  3. ^ Higashimatsuyama climate data
  4. ^ Higashimatsuyama population statistics
  5. ^ [2] Higashimatsuyama city official home page: Outline of the city
  6. ^ Information of Higashimatsuyama City Archived 2012-09-12 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  7. ^ "Takaaki Kajita - Facts". Nobel Foundation. 6 October 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Higashimatsuyama, Saitama at Wikimedia Commons