Hertford (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Hertford & Stevenage|
|Number of members||two (1298-1868), one (1868-1885)|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries and boundary changes
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 4.1 Elections in the 1840s
- 4.2 Elections in the 1850s
- 4.3 Elections in the 1860s
- 4.4 Elections in the 1870s
- 4.5 Elections in the 1880s
- 4.6 Elections in the 1890s
- 4.7 Elections in the 1900s
- 4.8 Elections in the 1910s
- 4.9 Elections in the 1920s
- 4.10 Elections in the 1930s
- 4.11 Elections in the 1940s
- 4.12 Elections in the 1950s
- 4.13 Elections in the 1960s
- 4.14 Elections in the 1970s
- 5 References
The Parliamentary Borough of Hertford was represented by two MPs in the House of Commons of England from 1298 to 1707, then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and finally in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 onwards. Under the Boundaries Act of 1868, its representation was reduced to 1 MP.
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (which followed on from the Third Reform Act) abolished the Parliamentary Borough and it gave its name to one of four Divisions of the abolished three-member Parliamentary County of Hertfordshire, and was formally named as the Eastern or Hertford Division of Hertfordshire.
As well from the Borough of Hertford, the enlarged constituency included the towns of Ware, Bishop's Stortford and Hoddesdon. It remained largely unchanged until 1955, but was radically altered for the 1955 general election. It was abolished in 1974.
Boundaries and boundary changesEdit
1885-1918: The Borough of Hertford, the Sessional Divisions of Bishop's Stortford and Cheshunt, parts of the Sessional Divisions of Hertford and Ware, and in the Sessional Division of Aldbury the parishes of Great Hadham and Little Hadham.
1918-1950: The Borough of Hertford, the Urban Districts of Bishop's Stortford, Cheshunt, Hoddesdon, Sawbridgeworth, and Ware, the Rural Districts of Hadham and Ware, and in the Rural District of Hertford the parishes of Bayford, Bengeo Rural, Bengeo Urban, Bramfield, Brickendon Liberty, Brickendon Rural, Hertingfordbury, Little Amwell, Little Berkhamsted, St Andrew Rural, St John Rural, Stapleford, and Tewin.
1950-1955: The Borough of Hertford, the Urban Districts of Bishop's Stortford, Cheshunt, Hoddesdon, Sawbridgeworth, and Ware, the Rural District of Ware, in the Rural District of Braughing the parishes of Albury, Braughing, Brent Pelham, Furneux Pelham, High Wych, Little Hadham, Much Hadham, Stocking Pelham, and Thorley, and in the Rural District of Hertford the parishes of Bayford, Bengeo Rural, Bengeo Urban, Bramfield, Brickendon Liberty, Brickendon Rural, Hertingfordbury, Little Amwell, Little Berkhamsted, St Andrew Rural, St John Rural, Stapleford, and Tewin.
Nominal changes only to reflect changes to rural districts.
1955-1974: The Borough of Hertford, the Urban District of Welwyn Garden City, and the Rural Districts of Hatfield, Hertford, and Welwyn.
Significant changes with only the Municipal Borough and the part of the Rural District of Hertford retained. The remainder of the constituency formed the basis of the new County Constituency of East Hertfordshire. The Urban District of Welwyn Garden City and the Rural District of Welwyn were transferred from St Albans; the Rural District of Hatfield from Barnet; and the remainder of the Rural District of Hertford from Hitchin.
The constituency was abolished in the redistribution taking effect for the February 1974 general election. The Municipal Borough and Rural District of Hertford were included in the new County Constituency of Hertford and Stevenage, with remaining areas forming the new County Constituency of Welwyn and Hatfield.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Hertford borough (1298-1885)Edit
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1376||Constituency franchise lapsed|
|1624||Constituency re-enfranchised by Parliament|
|1624||William Ashton||Thomas Fanshawe|
|1625||William Ashton||Thomas Fanshawe|
|1626||Sir William Harrington||Sir Capell Bedell|
|1628||Sir Edward Howard ennobled
and replaced by Sir Charles Morrison
|Sir Thomas Fanshawe|
|1629||John Carey, Viscount Rochford||Sir Thomas Fanshawe|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments summoned|
|1885||Constituency abolished; name transferred to county division|
Hertford county constituency (1885-1974)Edit
Elections in the 1840sEdit
Cowper was appointed a Civil Lord of the Admiralty, requiring a by-election.
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Turnout||466 (est)||68.0 (est)||N/A|
|Radical gain from Conservative|
Cowper was appointed Civil Lord of the Admiralty, requiring a by-election.
Cowper was appointed president of the General Board of Health, requiring a by-election.
Cowper was appointed Vice-President of the Committee of the Council on Education, requiring a by-election.
|Turnout||405 (est)||65.2 (est)||−2.8|
|Conservative gain from Radical||Swing||−6.3|
Cowper was appointed Vice-President of the Board of Trade, requiring a by-election.
Elections in the 1860sEdit
Cowper was appointed First Commissioner of Works and Public Buildings, requiring a by-election.
Townshend-Farquhar's death caused a by-election.
Seat reduced to one member
|Liberal||Frederick Waymouth Gibbs||345||44.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal||Edward Ernest Bowen||400||41.5||N/A|
Balfour was appointed President of the Local Government Board, requiring a by-election.
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Liberal||Edwin Robert Speirs||2,818||39.7||N/A|
Smith's death caused a by-election.
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Conservative||Abel Henry Smith||Unopposed|
|Conservative||Abel Henry Smith||4,836||50.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Liberal||Edmund Broughton Barnard||4,455||42.0||−7.6|
|Liberal||George Strachan Pawle||4,226||43.0||+1.0|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: John Rolleston
- Independent: W. H. Rolfe
|Independent||Noel Pemberton Billing||4,590||56.3||N/A|
|Independent gain from Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|National||*Edmund Broughton Barnard||7,158||38.8||N/A|
|Independent gain from Unionist||Swing||N/A|
* Barnard was also the nominee of the National Farmers' Union
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Anti-Waste League||*Murray Sueter||12,329||68.9||N/A|
|Coalition Unionist||Hildred Carlile||5,553||31.1||N/A|
|Anti-Waste League gain from Independent||Swing||N/A|
* Sueter was also the nominee of the Independent Parliamentary Group.
|Unionist gain from Independent||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal||Thomas Morris Davies||5,828||24.0||−23.8|
|Independent||Noel Pemberton Billing||10,149||29.6||N/A|
|Liberal||Thomas Evander Evans||6,419||18.7||−5.3|
|Labour||Roger S Edwards||4,193||12.2||−3.8|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Labour||Roger S Edwards||7,092||21.6||+9.4|
|Labour||Roger S Edwards||11,492||35.2||+13.6|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
|Liberal||Thomas Peter Hughes||7,587||16.6||n/a|
|Independent||A B Swain||1,005||2.2||n/a|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Liberal||Thomas Peter Hughes||10,234||18.73||+2.13|
|Labour Co-op||Richard Marsh||23,708||43.72||+8.35|
|Labour||Gerald D Southgate||22,597||41.83||-1.38|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour||Thomas A Deacon||25,161||39.93||-1.90|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
- Great Britain (1868). The Statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland [1807-1868/69]. unknown library. His Majesty's statute and law printers.
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- Fraser, Hugh (1918). The Representation of the people act, 1918 : with explanatory notes. University of California Libraries. London : Sweet and Maxwell.
- "Representation of the People Act, 1948". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
- S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.
- At the general election of 1715, Caesar and Goulston were initially declared re-elected, but on petition the result was overturned and their opponents, Clarke and Boteler, were seated in their place
- On petition, Caesar was adjudged not to have been duly elected and his opponent, Clarke, was declared elected in his place
- Dimsdale was a baron in the Russian peerage
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 145–147. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- At the election of 1832 Ingestrie and Mahon were declared elected, but on petition was their election was declared void, Hertford's writ was suspended and the seats remained vacant until the next general election
- "Hertford". Hertford Mercury and Reformer. 17 February 1835. p. 3. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. pp. 151–152. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- Warwick, William Atkinson (1841). The House of Commons: As Elected to the Fourteenth Parliament of the United Kingdom, Being The Second of Victoria. London: Saunders and Otley. p. 43.
- Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1855). The Parliamentary Companion, 1855. London: Whittaker & Co. p. 154. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- "Hertford Election". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 10 July 1852. pp. 4, 7. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Borough Election". Herts Guardian, Agricultural Journal, and General Advertiser. 10 July 1852. p. 2. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Hertford Borough Election". Hertford Mercury and Reformer. 10 July 1852. p. 2. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Hertford Election". Hertford Mercury and Reformer. 14 November 1868. p. 1. Retrieved 18 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Hertford". The Scotsman. 20 Mar 1880. p. 12. Retrieved 29 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1918
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, F W S Craig
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results February 1950". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1951". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1951.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1955". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1959". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1970". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- D. Brunton & D. H. Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- F W S Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949" (Glasgow: Political Reference Publications, 1969)
- Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)