"Heroin" is a song by the Velvet Underground, released on their 1967 debut album The Velvet Underground & Nico. Written by Lou Reed in 1964, the song, which overtly depicts heroin abuse, is one of the band's most celebrated compositions. Critic Mark Deming of Allmusic writes, "While 'Heroin' hardly endorses drug use, it doesn't clearly condemn it, either, which made it all the more troubling in the eyes of many listeners." In 2004, it was ranked at number 448 on Rolling Stone's list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time, and was re-ranked at number 455 in 2010.
|Song by the Velvet Underground|
|from the album The Velvet Underground & Nico|
|Released||March 12, 1967|
|Studio||TTG Studios, Hollywood, California|
Writing and recording Edit
I was working for a record company as a songwriter, where they'd lock me in a room and they'd say write ten surfing songs, ya know, and I wrote "Heroin" and I said "Hey I got something for ya." They said, "Never gonna happen, never gonna happen."
"Heroin" was among a three-song set to be re-recorded, in May 1966 at TTG Studios in Hollywood, before being included on the final release of The Velvet Underground & Nico (along with "I'm Waiting for the Man" and "Venus in Furs"). This recording of the song is the album's second longest track on the album at 7 minutes and 12 seconds; "European Son" is 30 seconds longer.
"Heroin" begins slowly with Reed's quiet, melodic guitar, Sterling Morrison's rhythm guitar and drum patterns by Maureen Tucker, soon joined by John Cale's droning electric viola. The tempo increases gradually, until a crescendo, punctuated by Cale's viola and the more punctuated guitar strumming of Reed and Morrison. Tucker's drumming becomes faster and louder. The song then slows to the original tempo, and repeats the same pattern before ending.
The song is based on a plagal progression of D♭ and G♭ major chords (I and IV in the key of D♭ major). Like "Sister Ray", it features no bass guitar; Reed and Morrison use chords and arpeggios to create the song's trademark sound. Rolling Stone said "It doesn't take much to make a great song," alluding to the song's use of merely two chords.
Tucker stopped drumming for several seconds at the 5:17 mark, before picking up the beat again. She explains:
As soon as it got loud and fast, I couldn't hear anything. I couldn't hear anybody, so I stopped, assuming, well, they'll stop too and say "what's the matter, Moe?" [laughs] But nobody stopped. And then, you know, so I came back in.
Alternative versions Edit
Pickwick Records, May 1965 Edit
The earliest recorded version of "Heroin" was a solo demo by Lou Reed. This demo was recorded in May 1965 while he was working for Pickwick, subsequently mailed to himself, and rediscovered more than 50 years later.
Ludlow Street Loft, July 1965 Edit
Another version of "Heroin" was with Lou Reed, Sterling Morrison and John Cale at the band's Ludlow Street loft in July 1965. Unlike songs such as "I'm Waiting for the Man" and "Venus in Furs" which sound drastically different from their corresponding 1966 recordings on The Velvet Underground & Nico, the '65 version of "Heroin" is nearly identical to the album version in structure. On the recording, Reed performs the song on an acoustic guitar. This version of the song can be found on the 1995 compilation album, Peel Slowly and See.
Scepter Studios, April 1966 Edit
The original take of "Heroin" that was intended for release on The Velvet Underground & Nico was at Scepter Studios in New York City, April 1966. This version of the song features slightly different lyrics and a more contained, less chaotic performance. Overall, the tempo of the song is at a steadier, quicker pace. It is about a minute shorter.
One notable difference in the lyrics is Lou Reed's opening — he sings "I know just where I'm going" rather than "I don't know just where I'm going" as on the final album recording. Reed was known to do this during subsequent performances of the song as well.
The Velvet Underground and drugs Edit
"Heroin" (along with songs like "I'm Waiting for the Man" which dealt with similar subject matter) tied the Velvet Underground with drug use in the media. Some critics declared the band were glorifying the use of drugs such as heroin. However, members of the band (Reed, in particular) frequently denied any claims that the song was advocating use of the drug. Reed's lyrics, such as they are on the majority of The Velvet Underground & Nico, were more meant to focus on providing an objective description of the topic without taking a moral stance. Critics were not the only ones who misunderstood the song's neutral tone; fans would sometimes approach the band members after a live performance and tell them they "shot up to 'Heroin'", a phenomenon that deeply disturbed Reed. As a result, Reed was somewhat hesitant to play the song with the band through much of the band's later career.
Billy Idol version Edit
|Single by Billy Idol|
|from the album Cyberpunk|
|Released||May 4, 1993(U.S.)|
|Recorded||1992, Los Angeles|
|Genre||Electronic rock, techno|
|Billy Idol singles chronology|
Billy Idol covered the song on his 1993 album Cyberpunk. Billy Idol's cover interpreted the song as a fast-tempo dance track, which made use of sampling and techno beats. It also included the lyric "Jesus died for somebody's sins / But not mine", from Patti Smith's introduction to "Gloria", used under license from Linda Music Corporation. Idol told Cash Box in 1993, "I was listening to some stripped-down rhythm tracks and started singing the lyrics [to "Heroin"] on top of it. It sounded like it really worked. Then I started tossing in the old Patti Smith line as a chorus. It really sounded heavy."
Idol mixed eleven versions of "Heroin", releasing them on various singles with some containing previous hits. Six computer-manipulated mixes were produced for the song's music video. One of these videos was later released on a video with his follow-up single Shock to the System.
Larry Flick, writing for Billboard, described Idol's version as a "clench-toothed reading of the Velvet Underground classic" with the use of Smith's "Gloria" adding a "spooky incantation". He added that while Idol's rock following "may grimace at his rave musings", the artist's "penchant for caustic sounds and frenetic rhythms makes this track ring remarkably true". In contrast, Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic called it "one of the worst covers ever recorded" in his review of Cyberpunk. Retrospective criticism came in April 2006 from Q Magazine, commenting that Idol's version of Heroin "sounded like it was recorded on a Casio keyboard".
|US Billboard Hot Dance Club Play||16|
Other cover versions Edit
- The song has been covered by several artists, including Mazzy Star, Human Drama, Echo & the Bunnymen, Roky Erickson, and Third Eye Blind.
- Lou Reed later performed "Heroin" live in his glam rock style, featuring the guitarists Steve Hunter and Dick Wagner. The resulting thirteen-minute track is included on his live album Rock 'n' Roll Animal, released in 1974.
- Pere Ubu performed "Heroin" live with Peter Laughner on vocals, a recording that was released on The Shape of Things.
References in popular culture Edit
- Denis Johnson's short story collection Jesus' Son, and the film based on it took its title from the lyrics of this song.
- In Irvine Welsh's novel Trainspotting, the central character Mark Renton describes playing the Rock 'n' Roll Animal version of 'Heroin' instead of the original as 'breaking the junkie's golden rule'.
- Zak, Albin (2000). The Velvet Underground Companion: Four Decades of Commentary. Music Sales Group. ISBN 978-0028646275. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- Stanley, Bob (13 September 2013). "1975: Storm Warning". Yeah Yeah Yeah: The Story of Modern Pop. Faber & Faber. p. 422. ISBN 978-0-571-28198-5.
- "Heroin" at AllMusic
- "Rolling Stone Greatest Songs 2004 401-500". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 2008-06-20. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
- "Heroin ranked 455 by Rolling Stone in 2010". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
- "The Primitives at Pickwick Records". The Downtown Pop Underground. 2018-09-03. Retrieved 2023-03-25.
- san sa (2 April 2015). "Lou Reed - Interview BEST LIVE (NYC '72)". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-19. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
- The Velvet Underground: Under Review (Motion picture). 2006.
- "Hear Lou Reed's Earliest Demo of the Velvet Underground's 'Heroin'". 18 July 2022.
- Cannon, Geoffrey (March 1971). "The Insects of Someone Else's Thoughts". Zigzag (18).
- Heylin, Clinton, ed. (2005). All Yesterday's Parties: The Velvet Underground in Print 1966–1971 (first ed.). United States: Da Capo Press. p. / 138. ISBN 0-306-81477-3.
- Harvard, Joe (2007) . The Velvet Underground & Nico. 33⅓. New York, NY: Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-8264-1550-9.
- Bangs, Lester (May 1971). "Dead Lie The Velvets, Underground". Creem. 3 (2).
I meant those songs to sort of exorcise the darkness, or the self-destructive element in me, and hoped other people would take them the same way. But when I saw how people were responding to them it was disturbing. Because like people would come up and say, 'I shot up to "Heroin,'" things like that. For a while, I was even thinking that some of my songs might have contributed formatively to the consciousness of all these addictions and things going down with the kids today. But I don't think that anymore; it's really too awful a thing to consider. (Lou Reed)
- Gold, Sue (June 19, 1993). "Billy Idol: The Rebel Yells Again" (PDF). Cash Box. Vol. 56, no. 41. p. 9. Retrieved March 12, 2022 – via World Radio History.
- Bessman, Jim (May 22, 1993). "Interactivity spurs different views" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 105, no. 19. p. 76. Retrieved March 12, 2022 – via World Radio History.
- Flick, Larry (May 15, 1993). "Single Reviews" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 105, no. 20. p. 84. Retrieved March 12, 2022 – via World Radio History.
- Allmusic review
- singles chart
- "Full Albums: The Velvet Underground & Nico » Cover Me". Covermesongs.com. 5 August 2010. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
- "Fiction Book Review: Jesus' Son: Stories by Denis Johnson". Retrieved 26 May 2017.