Background and educationEdit
Born at Mostyn Quay, Flintshire, Lewis was the only child of Enoch Lewis and Catherine Roberts. It is possible that Lewis was related to C.S. Lewis. This speculation is the result of the fact that C.S. Lewis's grandfather, Richard Lewis, was born in Flintshire in 1775. He was educated at McGill University and Exeter College, Oxford.
Lewis was the first Chairman of Flintshire County Council. He was Member of Parliament MP for Flint Boroughs 1892-1906. In 1894, he resigned the Liberal Whip in the so-called 'Welsh Revolt', joining David Alfred Thomas, David Lloyd George and Frank Edwards. In a letter to T. E. Ellis, Lewis wrote to his friend, then Chief Whip: 'I will never again fight a constituency as an official Liberal.' Although he later recanted, this episode was illustrative of Herbert Lewis' moral seriousness. With Lloyd George, Lewis was an enthusiastic supporter of Cymru Fydd, a nationalist movement within Welsh Liberalism. Along with Lloyd George and David Alfred Thomas, he opposed the Boer War at the 1900 General Election. He was elected for Flintshire in 1906;
|Liberal||John Herbert Lewis||6,294||63.8||+10.2|
|Conservative||A. Harold Edwards||3,572||36.2||-10.2|
Lewis was a Lord of the Treasury, 1905–1908. He was re-elected twice in 1910, the second time unopposed;
|Liberal||John Herbert Lewis||6,610||59.7||-4.1|
|Conservative||Henry Richard Lloyd Howard||4,454||40.3||+4.1|
Lewis was Parliamentary Secretary to the Local Government Board, 1909–1915. He was Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education, 1915-1922, and played a key role in drawing up the Education Act 1918, often known as the Fisher Act. At the 1918 general election he contested the new University of Wales constituency as a Coalition Liberal;
|Coalition Liberal||Rt Hon. John Herbert Lewis||739||80.8||N/A|
|Labour||Mrs H.M. Mackenzie||176||19.2||N/A|
He was offered a peerage on his retirement from Parliament in 1922, but declined the honour. He was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) in the 1922 Dissolution Honours List.
Lewis was made a Privy Counsellor in 1912, a freeman of the towns of Flint and Aberystwyth, Constable of Flint Castle, honorary LL.D of the University of Wales in 1918. He was awarded the gold medal of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion in 1927.
Lewis was a keen supporter of the National Library of Wales, located in Aberystwyth. In 1909 he became a Vice President of the Library. In 1925, while walking in the hills above the town prior to a meeting of the Library's council, Lewis suffered a fall down a quarry which left him paralyzed for the rest of his life. Although elected President of the Library in 1926, this was a largely honorific appointment.
An active lay member of the Calvinistic Methodist Connexion, Lewis was elected Moderator of the denomination in 1925, although he declined the post. He was an interested correspondent in the trial for heresy of Tom Nefyn Williams. Among his other correspondents in religious matters was the Welsh Revivalist Evan Roberts.
Sir John Herbert Lewis was married twice, first in 1886 to Adelaide (d.1895), daughter of Charles Hughes, publisher, Wrexham and in 1897 to Ruth, daughter of W. S. Caine, MP. By his second marriage he had a son and a daughter. He resided at Plas Penucha, Caerwys, Flintshire. Lewis died at his home, Plas Penucha, in 1933.
- Lloyd George's Flintshire Loyalist, The Political Achievement of John Herbert Lewis: by K O Morgan in Journal of Liberal History Issue 57, Winter 2007-08
- James, E. Wyn (2004). "An 'English' Lady among Welsh Folk: Ruth Herbert Lewis and the Welsh Folk-Song Society". Cardiff University. Cardiff University. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- "Dissolution Honours. Four New Peers., Political Services Rewarded". Official Appointments and Notices. The Times (43186). London. 11 November 1922. col A, p. 15.
- "No. 32766". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 November 1922. p. 8017.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Herbert Lewis
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Flint Boroughs
1892 – 1906
Thomas Howell Williams Idris
| Member of Parliament for Flintshire
1906 – 1918
Thomas Henry Parry
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for University of Wales
1918 – 1922
Thomas Arthur Lewis
| Parliamentary Secretary to the Local Government Board
William Hayes Fisher
| Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education
Lord Eustace Percy