Open main menu

Henry Louis, Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken

Henry Louis Charles Albert, Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken (9 March 1768 in Saarbrücken – 27 April 1797[1] near Cadolzburg), was a titular prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken. He never actually reigned, because the country was occupied by French revolutionary troops from 1793 until after his death.

Henry Louis, Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Born(1768-03-09)9 March 1768
Saarbrücken
Died27 April 1797(1797-04-27) (aged 29)
Cadolzburg
Noble familyHouse of Nassau
Spouse(s)Marie Francisca Maximilia of Montbarrey
FatherLouis, Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken
MotherWilhelmine of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Contents

LifeEdit

He was the son of Louis, Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken and his first wife, Princess Wilhelmine of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1751–1780). His parents' marriage was unhappy, so that Wihelmine retreated to Hallberg Castle, where she raised her son.

He studied physics, first in Strasbourg and from 1782 to 1785 in Göttingen. Then he went on his Grand Tour. In 1786, he was in Berlin and in the spring of 1787 in Italy.

On 14 May 1793 he had to flee when French troop attacked Neunkirchen castle. He entered Prussian military service. He had to watch when his ancestral castle went up in flames in October 1793. On 14 November 1793, he was promoted to colonel in the Prussian cavalry.

In 1794 his father died and he inherited the title of Prince. However, Nassau-Saarbrücken was still occupied by French revolutionary troops and he could not rule his principality.

In 1797 he died after a fall from a horse. Since he had no descendants, Nassau-Saarbrücken fell to his first cousin once removed, Prince Charles William of Nassau-Usingen (his father's first cousin). His half brother Adolf came of age in 1805 and resumed the title Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken.

MarriageEdit

He married on 6 October 1785 to Princess Marie Françoise Maximilienne of Saint Mauris-Montbarrey (2 November 1761 – 2 February 1838), the daughter of Prince Alexandre Marie Léonor de Saint-Mauris de Montbarrey. They left no issue.

AncestorsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Ernst Joachim (1880), "Heinrich, Fürst von Nassau-Saarbrücken", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 11, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 553–554
  • Genealogisch-historisch-statistischer Almanach, p. 108 Online

External linksEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Some sources mention 1799
Henry Louis, Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Born: 9 March 1768 Died: 27 April 1797
Preceded by
Louis
Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken
1794-1797
Succeeded by
Adolf