House of Nassau

The House of Nassau is a diversified aristocratic dynasty in Europe. It is named after the lordship associated with Nassau Castle, located in present-day Nassau, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The lords of Nassau were originally titled "Count of Nassau", then elevated to the princely class as "Princely Counts". Early on they divided into two main branches: the elder (Walramian) branch, that gave rise to the German king Adolf, and the younger (Ottonian) branch, that gave rise to the Princes of Orange and the monarchs of the Netherlands.

House of Nassau
Arms of Nassau.svg
Arms of Nassau: Azure billetty or, a lion rampant of the last armed and langued gules
CountryGermany, Netherlands, England, Scotland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Nassau, Orange
FounderDudo of Laurenburg
Current headHenri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (in cognatic line)
Estate(s)Nassau Castle
Dissolution1985 (in agnatic line)
Cadet branchesHouse of Nassau-Weilburg
House of Orange-Nassau
House of Nassau-Corroy

At the end of the Holy Roman Empire and the Napoleonic Wars, the Walramian branch had inherited or acquired all the Nassau ancestral lands and proclaimed themselves, with the permission of the Congress of Vienna, the "Dukes of Nassau", forming the independent state of Nassau with its capital at Wiesbaden; this territory today mainly lies in the German Federal State of Hesse, and partially in the neighbouring State of Rhineland-Palatinate. The Duchy was annexed in 1866 after the Austrian-Prussian War as an ally of Austria by Prussia. It was subsequently incorporated into the newly created Prussian Province of Hesse-Nassau.

Today, the term Nassau is used in Germany as a name for a geographical, historical and cultural region, but no longer has any political meaning. All Dutch and Luxembourgish monarchs since 1815 have been senior members of the House of Nassau. However, in 1890 in the Netherlands and in 1912 in Luxembourg, the male lines of heirs to the two thrones became extinct, so that since then, they have descended in the female line from the House of Nassau.

According to German tradition, the family name is passed on only in the male line of succession. The House would therefore, from this German perspective, have been extinct since 1985.[1][2] However, both Dutch and Luxembourgish monarchial traditions, constitutional rules and legislation in that matter differ from the German tradition, and thus both countries do not consider the House extinct. The Grand Duke of Luxembourg uses "Duke of Nassau" as his secondary title and a title of pretense to the dignity of Chief of the House of Nassau (being the most senior member of the eldest branch of the House), but not to lay any territorial claims to the former Duchy of Nassau which is now part of the Federal Republic of Germany.


County of Nassau in 1547 between the Rhine and Frankfurt
Confessional Map of the Duchy of Nassau in 1815 showing the result of years of family and religious division.

Dudo of Laurenburg (ca. 1060 – ca. 1123) is considered the founder of the House of Nassau. He is first mentioned in the purported founding-charter of Maria Laach Abbey in 1093 (although many historians consider the document to be fabricated). The Castle Laurenburg, located a few kilometres upriver from Nassau on the Lahn, was the seat of his lordship. His family probably descended from the Lords of Lipporn. In 1159, Nassau Castle became the ruling seat, and the house is now named after this castle.

The Counts of Laurenburg and Nassau expanded their authority under the brothers Rupert (Ruprecht) I (1123–1154) and Arnold I (1123–1148). Rupert was the first person to call himself Count of Nassau, but the title was not confirmed until 1159, five years after Rupert's death. Rupert's son Walram I (1154–1198) was the first person to be legally titled Count of Nassau.

The chronology of the Counts of Laurenburg is not certain and the link between Rupert I and Walram I is especially controversial. Also, some sources consider Gerhard, listed as co-Count of Laurenburg in 1148, to be the son of Rupert I's brother, Arnold I.[3] However, Erich Brandenburg in his Die Nachkommen Karls des Großen ('The Descendants of Charlemagne') states that it is most likely that Gerhard was Rupert I's son, because Gerard was the name of Beatrix of Limburg's maternal grandfather.[4]

Counts of Laurenburg (ca. 1093–1159)Edit

  • ca. 1060 – ca. 1123: Dudo
  • 1123–1154: Rupert (Ruprecht) I – son of Dudo
  • 1123–1148: Arnold I – son of Dudo
  • 1148: Gerhard – son (probably) of Rupert I
  • 1151–1154: Arnold II – son of Rupert I
  • 1154–1159: Rupert II – son of Rupert I

Counts of Nassau (1159–1255)Edit

The Walram Line (1255–1985)Edit

Arms with crest and motto
Walramian Nassau Arms with crowned lion
Crowned Lion Arms and crest of the Walram line now seen in the Coat of arms of Luxembourg: "d'azur, semé de billettes d'or, au lion couronné du second, armé, lampassé de gueules.'"[5]

Counts of Nassau in Wiesbaden, Idstein, and Weilburg (1255–1344)Edit

  • 1255–1276: Walram II
  • 1276–1298: Adolf of Nassau, crowned King of Germany in 1292
  • 1298–1304: Rupert VI of Nassau
  • 1298–1324: Walram III, Count of Nassau in Wiesbaden, Idstein, and Weilnau
  • 1298–1344: Gerlach I, Count of Nassau in Wiesbaden, Idstein, Weilburg, and Weilnau

After Gerlach's death, the possessions of the Walram line were divided into Nassau-Weilburg and Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein.

Nassau-Weilburg (1344–1816)Edit

Flag of Nassau-Weilburg

Count Walram II began the Countship of Nassau-Weilburg, which existed to 1816. The sovereigns of this house afterwards ruled the Duchy of Nassau until 1866 and from 1890 the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The branch of Nassau-Weilburg ultimately became rulers of Luxembourg. The Walram line received the lordship of Merenberg in 1328 and Saarbrücken (by marriage) in 1353.

Counts of Nassau-Weilburg (1344–1688)Edit

Princely counts of Nassau-Weilburg (1688–1816)Edit

Dukes of Nassau (1816–1866)Edit

In 1866, Prussia annexed the Duchy of Nassau as the duke had been an ally of Austria in the Second Austro-Prussian War. In 1890, Duke Adolf would become Grand Duke Adolphe of Luxembourg.

Duchy of Nassau in 1812 as part of the Confederation of the Rhine.
Duchy of Nassau in 1848.

Grand Dukes of Luxembourg (from the House of Nassau-Weilburg) – 1890–1912 and succession through a female onwardsEdit

From a morganatic marriage, contracted in 1868, descends a family, see Count of Merenberg, which in 1907 was declared non-dynastic. Had they not been excluded from the succession, they would have inherited the headship of the house in 1912.

Counts of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein (1344–1728)Edit

After Frederick Louis's death, Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein fell to Charles, Prince of Nassau-Usingen

Counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1429–1797)Edit

After Henry Louis's death, Nassau-Saarbrücken fell to Charles William, Prince of Nassau-Usingen until Adolph came of age in 1805.

Princes of Nassau-Usingen (1659–1816)Edit

In 1816, Nassau-Usingen merged with Nassau-Weilburg to form the Duchy of Nassau. See "Dukes of Nassau" above. The princely titles continued to be used, however, evidenced by the carrying of the title Prince of Nassau-Weilburg by the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. Following Frederick Augustus' death, the princely title was adopted (in pretense) by his half brother through an unequal marriage, Karl Philip. As head of the House in 1907, Wilhelm IV declared the Count of Merenberg non-dynastic; by extension, this would indicate that (according to Luxembourgish laws regarding the House of Nassau) this branch would assume the Salic headship of the house in 1965, following the death of the last male Count of Merenberg.[6]

The Ottonian LineEdit

Arms with crest and motto
Ottonian Nassau Arms
Arms and crest of the Ottonian line (since the 13th century) now part of the Coat of arms of the Netherlands: "d'azur semé de billettes d'or, au lion du même, armé et lampassé de gueules, brochant sur le tout".[5]
Electoral Hesse and the Nassau lands in the earl 19th century showing the multiple divisions based on family lines.
  • 1255–1290: Otto I, Count of Nassau in Siegen, Dillenburg, Beilstein, and Ginsberg
  • 1290–1303: Joint rule by Henry, John and Emicho I, sons of Otto I

In 1303, Otto's sons divided the possessions of the Ottonian line. Henry received Nassau-Siegen, John received Nassau-Dillenburg and Emicho I received Nassau-Hadamar. After John's death. Nassau-Dillenburg fell to Henry.

Counts of Nassau-DillenburgEdit

In 1739, Nassau-Dillenburg fell to Nassau-Dietz, a.k.a. Orange-Nassau.

Counts of Nassau-BeilsteinEdit

In 1343, Nassau-Beilstein was split off from Nassau-Dillenburg.

After John III's death, Nassau-Beilstein fell back to Nassau-Dillenburg. It was split off again in 1607 for George, who inherited the rest of Nassau-Dillenburg in 1620.

Counts and Princes of Nassau-HadamarEdit

  • 1303–1334: Emicho I, Count in Driedorf, Esterau, and Hadamar, married Anna of Nuremberg
  • 1334–1364: John, married Elisabeth of Waldeck
  • ?-1412: Elisabeth, daughter of John, Countess of Nassau-Hadamar
  • 1334–1359: Emicho II, son of Emicho I, married Anna of Dietz
  • 1364–1369: Henry, son of John, Count of Nassau-Hadamar
  • 1369–1394: Emicho III, son of John

After Emicho III's death, Nassau-Hadamar fell back to Nassau-Dillenburg.

In 1620, the younger line of Nassau-Hadamar was split off from Nassau-Dillenburg

In 1711, Nassau-Hadamar was divided between Nassau-Dietz, Nassau-Dillenburg, and Nassau-Siegen.


The branch of Nassau-Siegen was a collateral line of the House of Nassau, and ruled in Siegen. The first Count of Nassau in Siegen was Count Henry I (d. 1343), the elder son of Count Otto I of Nassau. His son Count Otto II of Nassau ruled also in Dillenburg.

In 1328, John of Nassau-Dillenburg died unmarried and childless, and Dillenburg fell to Henry of Nassau-Siegen. For counts of Nassau-Siegen in between 1343 and 1606, see "Counts of Nassau-Dillenburg" above.

In 1606 the younger line of Nassau-Siegen was split off from the House of Nassau-Dillenburg. After the main line of the House became extinct in 1734, Emperor Charles VI transferred the county to the House of Orange-Nassau.

Counts and Princes of Nassau-SiegenEdit

Gozdzki – de Nassau Palace in Warsaw that belonged to wealthy Karolina Gozdzka (1747–1807) and her husband Charles Henry de Nassau-Siegen (1745–1808).[7]

In 1734, Nassau-Siegen fell to Nassau-Dietz, a.k.a. Orange-Nassau.

Counts and Princes of Nassau-DietzEdit

Princes of the House of Nassau-Dietz from the Stadhouderlijk Hof of Paleis in Leeuwaarden, H.Prince of Nassau, Henry Casimir, Prince of Nassau, George, Prince of Nassau, and Willem Frederick, Prince of Nassau-Dietz

When the Nassau lands were divided by the sons of John, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, the brother of William the Silent, the main part of the Counts of Nassau-(in)Dietz was the town of Diez:

In 1702, the Nassau-Dietz branch followed the House of Orange that had become extinct with William III of England (d. 1702). The counts of Nassau-Dietz not only descended from William I., the Silent's, brother, but in female line also from himself, as William Frederick, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, had married Countess Albertine Agnes of Nassau, the fifth daughter of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange in 1652. She had Oranienstein Palace built from 1672 as her new residence at Diez.

Their grandson Johan Willem Friso (1687-1711) became Stadholder in Friesland and Groningen, and in 1702 became the heir of William III of England and thus the founder of the younger House of Orange-Nassau and of the Dutch Royal Family. However, he had to split the Dutch properties with the King of Prussia who also descended from William I. Johan Willem Friso's son, William IV, Prince of Orange, inherited a number of Nassau territories besides his paternal Nassau-Dietz, namely Nassau-Hadamar in 1711, Nassau-Siegen in 1734, and Nassau-Dillenburg in 1739. In 1732, Frederick William I of Prussia left him his Dutch properties, including Huis ten Bosch palace and Het Loo Palace. William IV became stadtholder of the Netherlands in 1747 and reunited all of the Dutch and German possessions of his family (except for Nassau-Weilburg) in his hand, styling himself Prince of Orange and Nassau.

The county of Nassau-Diez, like other Nassau territories, was occupied by Napoleonic France in 1795 and in 1806 was annexed by the Duchy of Nassau (ruled by the branch of Nassau-Weilburg) on 16–17 September 1796 as a consequence of the 2nd Coalition war between Austrians and French in the area between Diez and Limburg. By the end of the 18th century the entire west bank of the Rhine went to France and in 1803 a new Principality of Orange was formed from other territories, however only to be divided between the Duchy of Nassau and the Grand Duchy of Berg in 1806. William I of the Netherlands recovered his former counties in 1813, but gave Nassau-Diez, Nassau-Hadamar und Nassau-Dillenburg to Prussia, in exchange with Luxembourg, two years later. Prussia kept only Nassau-Siegen and soon ceded the other counties to the Duchy of Nassau which was however annexed by Prussia, including Diez, after the Austro-Prussian War in 1866, for Nassau's support of Austria.


The House of Orange-Nassau stems from the Ottonian Line. The connection was via Engelbert I, who offered his services to the Duke of Burgundy and married a Dutch noblewoman, Johanna van Polanen, who inherited the vast lands of the House of Polanen in the Netherlands, with the barony of Breda as the core of the future Dutch possessions of the House of Nassau-Dillenburg.

William I. "the Silent" (1545–1584), founder of the Netherlands, statue at Wiesbaden

The importance of the Nassaus grew throughout the 15th and 16th century. Henry III of Nassau-Breda was appointed stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht by Emperor Charles V in the beginning of the 16th century. Henry was succeeded by his son, René of Châlon-Orange in 1538, who was, as can be inferred from his name, a Prince of Orange. When René died prematurely on the battlefield in 1544 his possessions and the princely title passed to his cousin, William the Silent, a Count of Nassau-Dillenburg. By dropping the suffix name "Dillenburg" (of the Orange-Nassau-Dillenburg), from then on the family members called themselves "Orange-Nassau."

Painting by Willem van Honthorst (1662), showing four generations of Princes of Orange: William I, Maurice and Frederick Henry, William II, and William III.

With the death of William III, the legitimate direct male line of William the Silent became extinct and thereby the first House of Orange-Nassau. John William Friso, the senior agnatic descendant of William the Silent's brother and a cognatic descendant of Frederick Henry, grandfather of William III, inherited the princely title and all the possessions in the low countries and Germany, but not the Principality of Orange itself. The Principality was ceded to France under the Treaty of Utrecht that ended the wars with King Louis XIV. John William Friso, who also was the Prince of Nassau-Dietz, founded thereby the second House of Orange-Nassau (the suffix name "Dietz" was dropped of the combined name Orange-Nassau-Dietz).

The Revolutionary and Napoleonic era was a tumultuous episode of the history of both the Ottonian and Walramian branches of the House of Nassau. France's dominance of the international order severely strained the House of Nassau's traditional strategy of international conflict resolution, which was to maintain links with all serious power-brokers through a dynastic network in the hope of maintaining a balance of power. Despite that both branches of the House of Nassau reinvigorated the dynastic network in the years of liberation, 1812–1814, the post-Napoleonic European order saw both branches set on different historical paths.[8]

After the post-Napoleonic reorganization of Europe, the head of House of Orange-Nassau gained the title "King/Queen of the Netherlands" and "Grand Duke of Luxembourg". The latter was gained, with permission of the Congress of Vienna by trading the ancestral Ottonian Nassau lands in Germany to their Walramian cousins for the duchy of Luxembourg, which was closer to their power center of Holland, and remained in personal union with the Kingdom of the Netherlands until the death of the last male Ottonian, King William III of the Netherlands. The King of Prussia, who also had a claim to the principality of Orange received lands in the Ruhr. In this way, everyone consolidated more land nearer their power bases.

Princes of OrangeEdit

House of Orange-Nassau(-Dillenburg), first creationEdit
  • 1544–1584: William I, also Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Dietz, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1584–1618: Philip William, also Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1618–1625: Maurice, also Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1625–1647: Frederick Henry, also Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1647–1650: William II, also Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1650–1702: William III, also Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam, Lord of IJsselstein and (from 1689) King of England, Scotland, and Ireland

In 1702, the Orange-Nassau-Dillenburg line died out and its possessions fell to the Nassau-Dietz line.

House of Orange-Nassau(-Dietz), second creationEdit
Lands of Nassau in 1796
  • 1702–1711: John William Friso, also Prince of Nassau-Dietz, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1711–1751: William IV, also Prince of Nassau-Dietz, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1751–1806: William V, also Prince of Nassau-Dietz, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1806–1815: William VI, also Prince of Fulda and Count of Corvey, Weingarten and Dortmund; in 1815 became King William I of the Netherlands
Royal Coat of Arms of the Netherlands

Kings and Queens of the Netherlands (from the House of Orange-Nassau-Dietz)Edit

  • 1815–1840: William I, also Duke and Grand Duke of Luxemburg and Duke of Limburg
  • 1840–1849: William II, also Grand Duke of Luxemburg and Duke of Limburg
  • 1849–1890: William III, also Grand Duke of Luxemburg and Duke of Limburg
  • 1890–1948: Wilhelmina

Following German laws, the House of Orange-Nassau(-Dietz) has been extinct since the death of Wilhelmina (1962). Dutch laws and the Dutch nation do not consider it extinct.

Family treeEdit

The following family tree is compiled from Wikipedia and the reference cited in the note[9]

Dudo of Laurenburg
(German: Dudo)
(ca. 1060 – ca. 1123)
was Count of Laurenburg in 1093
Rupert I of Nassau
(German: Ruprecht)
(ca. 1090 – ca. 1154)
was from 1123
co-Count of Laurenburg
later title himself
1st Count of Nassau
Arnold I, Count of Laurenburg
(died ca. 1148)
Rupert II (German: Ruprecht)
Count of Laurenburg
(1154–1158)(died ca. 1159)
Walram I of Nassau
(French: Valéran)
(ca. 1146–1198)
was the first
(legally titled)
Count of Nassau
Henry (Heinrich) I
co-Count of Nassau
(1160 – August 1167)
Rupert III, the Bellicose
German: Ruprecht der Streitbare
(died 1191)
co-Count of Nassau (1160–1191)
Henry (Heinrich) II, the Rich
Count of Nassau
Rupert (Ruprecht) IV
Count of Nassau
Teutonic Knight  
(d after 3 December 1240)
Canon of Mainz Cathedral
Walram II of Nassau
(ca. 1220 – 1276)
the WALRAMIAN Branch
present-day rulers of Luxembourg
descend from him

Rupert (Ruprecht) V
d. before 1247
Teutonic Knight (1230–1240) 
Otto I of Nassau
(reigned ca. 1247 – 1290)
the OTTONIAN branch
the present-day rulers of
the Netherlands descend from him

(ca. 1230 – 1309)
Bishop-Elect of Utrecht (1267–1290)
(ca. 1255–1298)
King of Germany
(d. 1343)
Count of Nassau in Siegen
(d. 7 June 1334)
Count of Nassau in Hadamar
extinct 1394
(d. 1328)
Count Nassau in Dillenburg
(+ 1304)
Gerlach I, Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden
(bef 1288 +1361)
Walram III
Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden
Otto II
(c. 1305 – 1330/1331)
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
Count of Nassau-Beilstein
ext. 1561
(1307 +1370)
Count of Nassau in
ext 1605
John I
(1309 +1371)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Rupert 'the Bellicose'
(c. 1340 +1390)
Count of Nassau-Sonnenberg
John I
(1340 +1416)
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
Philip I
1368 +1429)
Count of Nassau in Weilburg,Saarbrücken, etc.
(1362 +1420)
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz
John II "The Elder"
(c.1365 +1443)
Engelbert I
(c. 1370/80 +1442)
Count of Nassau, Baron of Breda
founder of the Netherlands Nassaus
John III "The Younger"
Count of Nassau in Siegen
Philip II
(1418 +1492)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
John II
(1423 +1472)
Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
ext. 1574
John IV (Jan)
(1410, +1475)
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz
Henry II
(1414 +1450)
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
John III
(1441 +1480)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Engelbert II the Valorious
(1451 +1504)
Count of Nassau and Vianden, Baron of Breda(fr), Lek, Diest, Roosendaal en Nispen and Wouw
John V
(1455 +1516)
Count of Nassau in Dillenburg, Siegen, Hadamar, Herborn, Vianden, Dietz
From here descends the House of Nassau-Weilburg
and the Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg
(see below also)'
From here descends the House of Orange-Nassau (see below also)

House of Orange and NassauEdit

A summary family tree of the House of Orange-Nassau[10] from the joining of the house of Nassau-Breda/Dillenburg and the House of Châlon-Arlay-Orange to the end of the Dutch Republic is shown below. The family spawned many famous statesmen and generals, including two of the acknowledged "first captains of their age", Maurice of Nassau and the Marshal de Turenne.

John V Count of Nassau-Dietz, 1455–1516, Stadholder of Gelderland
John IV Prince of Orange, 1475–1502
William the Rich Count of Nassau-Dillenburg 1487- 1559
Henry III Count of Nassau-Breda 1483–1538
Claudia of Châlon 1498–1521Philibert of Châlon, Prince of Orange, 1502–1530
William I "the Silent" 1533–1584, Prince of Orange 1544, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand & Utrecht, assassinated by Spanish agent
Louis 1538–1574 died in battle against Spain
Adolf 1540–1568, died in battle against Spain
Henry 1550–1574 died in battle against Spain
John VI "the Elder" 1535–1606, Stadholder of Gelderland
René of Châlon 1519–1544, Prince of Orange,1521
Philip William 1554–1618, Prince of Orange, 1584
Maurice 1567–1625, Prince of Orange,1618, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, Utrecht, etc.
Frederick Henry 1584–1647, Prince of Orange, 1625, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, & etc.
Louise Juliana 1576–1644 married Frederick IV Elector Palatine from whom the British royal family descendsElisabeth 1577–1642 married Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duke of Bouillonilleg.
Justinus van Nassau (1559–1631)
Admiral & General, Gov of Breda 1601–1625
William Louis "Us Heit", Count of Nassau-Dillenburg 1560–1620, Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe
Ernst Casimir, Count of Nassau-Dietz 1573–1632, Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe
John VII "the Middle", Count of Nassau-Siegen, 1561–1623
William of Nassau (1601–1627), lord of de Lek
Louis of Nassau, Lord of De Lek and Beverweerd (1602– 1665)
Frederick V, Elector Palatine, 1610 & King of Bohemia 1619–21Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne & Marshal-General of France 1611–1675
Charles I, King of England 1625–1649
Charles II
William II 1626–1650,Prince of Orange & Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, etc, 1647
Mary,Princess Royal
James II
Louise Henriette (1627–1667) married Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg descendants were Kings of Prussia and later German Emperorsilleg.
Frederick Nassau de Zuylestein (1608–1672)
general of the army, descendants were the Earls of Rochford in England
Albertine Agnes(1634– 1696)William Frederick,1613–1664 Count later Prince of Nassau-Dietz,Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe
Henry Casimir I Count of Nassau-Dietz,1612–1640,Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe
John Maurice "the Brazilian", Prince of Nassau-Siegen,1604–1679,gov. of Dutch Brazil, Field Marshal of the Dutch Army
William III 1650–1702,Prince of Orange 1650, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, etc, 1672, King of England, 1689
Mary II of England
ceded claims to the lands of Orange to France in 1713, but kept right to use the title in its German form: currently Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia, "Prinz von Oranien"Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz,1657–1696,Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe
John William Friso 1687–1711, appointed heir by William III, Prince of Orange, 1702, Stadholder of Friesland 1696
Anne, Princess Royal of EnglandWilliam IV 1711–1751, Prince of Orange, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, etc. 1747
Wilhelmina of PrussiaWilliam V 1748–1806, Prince of Orange,1751 Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, etc. 1751–1795
Carolina 1743–1787Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg, 1735–1788
Princess Louise of Orange-Nassau, 1770– 1819 married Karl, Hereditary Prince of Braunschweig(-Wolfenbuttel), son of Princess Augusta of Great BritainPrince Frederick of Orange-Nassau, 1774–1799 an Austrian General, no issueWilliam VI, Fürst of Nassau-Orange-Fulda 1803–1806, Fürst of Nassau-Orange, Prince of Orange 1806
William I, King of the Netherlands 1815
Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg, 1768–1816
Royal Family of the Netherlands, see next table belowWilliam, Duke of Nassau, 1792–1839
Adolphe 1817–1905, Duke of Nassau 1839–1866,Grand Duke of Luxembourg, 1890–1905
Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg

William I, 1772–1843, King of the Netherlands, 1815–1840
Wilhelmina of Prussia
William II, 1792–1849, King of the Netherlands, 1840
Anna Pavlovna of Russia
Prince Frederick of the Netherlands, 1797–1881
Princess Pauline of Orange-Nassau, 1800–1806Princess Marianne of the Netherlands, 1810–1883
married Prince Albert of Prussia (1809–1872)
Emma of Waldeck-PyrmontWilliam III, 1817–1890, King of the Netherlands, 1849
Sophia of WürttembergPrince Alexander of the Netherlands, 1818–1848Prince Henry of the Netherlands, "the Navigator" 1820–1879Princess Sophie of the Netherlands, 1824–1897 married Charles Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-EisenachPrincess Louise of the Netherlands,1828–1871 married Charles XV of SwedenPrincess Marie of the Netherlands, 1841–1910 married William, Prince of Wied one son was William, Prince of Albania
Wilhelmina, 1880–1962, Queen of the Netherlands, 1890–1948
To 1907 after 1907
Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1876–1934, Prince of the Netherlands
William, Prince of Orange 1840–1879
Prince Maurice of the Netherlands1843–1850Alexander, Prince of Orange, 1851–1884
Juliana 1909–2004, Queen of the Netherlands, 1948–1980
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Prince of the Netherlands 1911–2004
Beatrix,1938–, Queen of the Netherlands,1980–2013
Claus van Amsberg,1926–2002, Prince of the Netherlands
Princess Irene of the Netherlands, 1939, m.(1964–1981) Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma, 4 children not eligible for thronePrincess Margriet of the Netherlands, 1943–
Pieter van VollenhovenPrincess Christina of the Netherlands,(1947–2019), m. Jorge Pérez y Guillermo (m. 1975; div. 1996), 3 children not eligible for throne
William-Alexander of the Netherlands,1967–
Prince of Orange & Heir Apparent, 1980, King of the Netherlands, 2013–
Queen Maxima of the Netherlands
Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau 1968–2013 m.(2004) Mabel Wisse Smit without permission, his children are not eligible for the throne and he was no longer a Prince of the Netherlands after his marriagePrince Constantijn of the Netherlands, 1969–
Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands4 sons, 2 of whom were eligible for the throne until Beatrix abdicated in 2013
Princess Catharina-Amalia of the Netherlands,2003– Princess of Orange & heiress apparent, 2013–
Princess Alexia of the Netherlands, 2005–
Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, 2007–
Countess Eloise of Orange-Nassau, 2002–Count Claus-Casimir of Orange-Nassau, 2004–Countess Leonore of Orange-Nassau, 2006–

Illegitimate LinesEdit

Family tree Nassau-den LekEdit
William I "the Silent"
(1533–1584), Prince of Orange 1544, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand & Utrecht, assassinated by Spanish agent
(1567–1625), Prince of Orange,1618, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, Utrecht, etc.
Margaretha van Mechelen
(c. 1580 – 1662)
William of Nassau
"chevalier de Nassau",
lord of de Lek
Louis of Nassau
(1602– 1665)
Lord of De Lek and Beverweerd

Isabella van Hornes
Willem Jonker van Nassau
Maurits Lodewijk van Nassau
lord of den Lecq
William Adrian of Nassau
lord of Odijk
Elisabeth of Nassau
married Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington
married Thomas Butler, 6th Earl of Ossory
(c. 1638 – 1688)
married Aelbert van Ruytenburgh
Henry of Nassau
(1640– 1708)
lord of Ouwerkerk
count of Nassau, 1679
Master of the Horse to William III of England
general, and commander of Dutch troops under Duke of Marlborough's
William of Nassau
Barbara of Nassau
Alida of Nassau
John of Nassau
Maurits Lodewijk of Nassau
lord of den Lek
Lodewijk Adriaan of Nassau
lord of Odijk
Elisabeth Wilhelmina of Nassau
married her cousin Maurits Lodewijk II van Nassau-LaLecq
Charlotte of Nassau
married her cousin Willem Maurits van Nassau-Ouwerkerk
Isabella of Nassau
married Charles Granville, 2nd Earl of Bath
Lodewijk van Nassau
Lucia van Nassau
Henry of Nassau
1st earl of Grantham
Cornelis van Nassau
lord of Woudenberg
Willem Maurits van Nassau
lord of Ouwerkerk
married his cousin Charlotte of Nassau
Frans van Nassau
Lucia Anna van Nassau
married Nanfan Coote, 2nd Earl of Bellomont
Willem Hendrik van Nassau
lord of Ouderkerk
Anna Isabella van Nassau
married Mattheus Hoeufft Jr.
Hendrik Carel van Nassau
lord of Beverweerd and Odijk
Lodewijk Theodoor van Nassau
Jan Nicolaas Floris van Nassau
lord of Ouderkerk
Alida Cornelia van Nassau
Willem Adriaan II van Nassau
graaf van Nassau, lord of Odijk, vrijheer van Bergen (1708)
Henry of Nassau
Viscount Boston,1698
Thomas of Nassau
Viscount Boston,1718
Frances of Nassau
married Captain (later Lieutenant-Colonel) William Elliot of Wells
Emilia Mary of Nassau
Henrietta de Nassau
married William Clavering-Cowper, 2nd Earl Cowper
William Henry
Francoise Henriette
Catherina Elisabeth Wilhelmina van Nassau
Lodewijk Theodoor II van Nassau
lord of de Lek, lord of Ouderkerk (1762–1773)
Jan Floris van Nassau
lord of de Lek, lord of Ouderkerk
Louise Suzanna van Nassau
married Frederik Christoffel graaf van Degenfeld-Schönburg (1721–1781)
Willem Lodewijk van Nassau
vrijheer van Bergen
Wigbold Adriaan van Nassau
lord of Odijk,etc. and vrijheer van Bergen
Jan Floris Hendrik Carel van Nassau
count of Nassau-la Lecq


Family Tree Nassau-ZuylesteinEdit

William I "the Silent"
(1533–1584), Prince of Orange 1544, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand & Utrecht, assassinated by Spanish agent
Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange, 1625,
Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, & etc.
Margaretha Catharina Bruyns
Frederick of Nassau
Lord of Zuylestein
Mary Killigrew
daughter of Sir William Killigrew
William van Nassau
1st Earl of Rochford
Hendrik van Nassau
(c. 1650 – 1673)
Heer van Leersum
Anna Nassau de Zuylestein
(c. 1681 – 1701)
William Nassau de Zuylestein
2nd Earl of Rochford
Frederik Nassau de Zuylestein
heer van Zuylestein, Leersum en Waayenstein 1709–1738,
3rd Earl of Rochford,1710
Maurits van Nassau-Zuylestein
Colonel, English Army
Maria van Nassau-Zuylestein
married baron Godard Adriaan van Reede (16xx – 1730), heer van Herreveld and 1st Earl of Athlone, son of Godard van Reede heer van Ginckel (1644–1703)
Elizabeth van Nassau-Zuylestein
(1688 – c. 1720)
married Frederik Christiaan van Reede, baron van Reede, 2nd Earl of Athlone
Frederik Hendrik (Henry) van Nassau-Zuylestein
(1692? – 1740)
William Nassau de Zuylestein
4th Earl of Rochford
British courtier, diplomat and statesman
illeg. desc.
Richard Savage Nassau de Zuylestein
Member of Parliament, 1747–1754, 1774–1780
Frederick Nassau[14] · [15]
Master of St. Osyth Priory
Ann[14] · [15]
Mary[14] · [15]
William Henry Nassau
5th Earl of Rochford
George Richard Savage Nassau
Lucy Nassau
William Frederick Nassau[14] · [15]
Master of St. Osyth Priory
John Augustus Nassau[14] · [15]
Ann Nassau[14] · [15]
Elizabeth Catherina Nassau[14] · [15]
Mistress of St. Osyth Priory
married John Roberts Kirby
Eliza Nassau[14] · [15]
Rochford Augustus Nassau[14] · [15]
Frederik "Frank" Rochford Nassau[14] · [15]
Herbert Arthur Nassau[14] · [15]
Harold Charles Nassau[14] · [15]
Letta Mary Nassau[14] · [15]
Nellie Nassau[14] · [15]
Ethel Violet Nassau[14] · [15]
(1896 – )
married Frederick Savage
Doris Elsie Nassau[14] · [15]
married Stanley Philip Painter
Frederik (Freddie) Herbert Nassau[14] · [15]
one daughter[16]
Herbert John Nassau[14] · [15]
2 daughters[16]

Family Tree Nassau-GrimhuizenEdit
William I "the Silent"
(1533–1584), Prince of Orange 1544, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand & Utrecht, assassinated by Spanish agent
Eva Elincx
Justinus van Nassau
Admiral & General, Gov of Breda 1601–1625

Anne, Baronesse de Mérode
jonker van Nassau, heer van Grimhuizen
Louise Henriëtte van Nassau
(1604 – bet 1637/45)
married Henry Philip Herbert lt. col. in Dutch Army,
1 son, Philips Henry Herbert (1634–1657)
Philips van Nassau
(1605 – between 1672/76)
jonker van Nassau, heer van Grimhuizen, Hoekelom en Wijchen
Justinus II van Nassau
Jonker van Nassau heer van Grimhuizen
Justina van Nassau
married George van Cats (1632 – na 1676) heer van Cats, Coulster en Schagen
Anna Justina van Nassau
married Willem Adriaan II van Horne graaf van Horne, baron van Kessel en heer van Batenburg
Philips van Nassau
died young
Anna Margaretha van Nassau
married (1) Diederik Schenk van Nydeggen heer van Blijenbeek, Afferden en Grubbenvorst
married (2) Johan Gerard van Oostrum heer van Moersbergen, Cattenbroek en Zeist, col in Dutch Army, 2 daughters.

House of Nassau-DillenburgEdit

Compiled from Wikipedia and:[8][9]

Johann VI "the Old/de Oude"
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, 1559,
Stadholder of Gelderland, 1578–1581
Willem Lodewijk of Nassau "Us Heit"
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, 1606
stadholder of Friesland and Groningen(1584–1620)
married his cousin Anna van Nassau(1563–1588) d. of William the Silent
John VII "the Middle/de Middelste" of Nassau-Siegen
Count of Nassau-(in) Siegen, 1606
George "the Old/de Oude" of Nassau-Dillenburg
Count of Nassau-(in) Dillenburg, 1606
Philip of Nassau
Dutch States Army officer
Ernst Casimir of Nassau-Dietz
Count of Nassau-(in) Dietz, 1606
stadholder of Friesland(1620–1632)
for desc. see above under House of Orange and Nassau
Louis Gunther of Nassau
Dutch States Army officer
John Louis of Nassau-Hadamar
Count later Prince (1650) of Nassau-(in) Hadamar, 1606
Imperial diplomat, converted to catholism
Anna Johanna
married John Wolfert van Brederode, Field marshal Dutch States Army
Johann Ernst of Nassau
Venetian General
John VIII or II "the Younger/de Jongste" of Nassau-Siegen
Count of Nassau-(in)(South) Siegen, 1623–1632, 1638 South (catholic) Siegen
founded Catholic Line
Adolf of Nassau
Dutch States Army officer
William of Nassau
Count of Nassau-(in)Hilchenbach
Dutch States Army officer
John Maurice of Nassau-Siegen
de facto Count and later Prince (1664) of Nassau-(in) (North/protestant) Siegen, 1632 (all Siegen), 1638 North (protestant) Siegen
Field marshal Dutch States Army, commander 1664–1668
Governor of Dutch Brazil
George Frederick Louis of Nassau-Siegen
(1606- 1674)
married Mauritia Eleonora of Portugal, daughter of Emilia of Nassau, daughter of William the Silent and daughter-in-law of António, Prior of Crato
Dutch States Army officer
William Otto or Nassau
Sophie Margarete of Nassau
married 1656 Count Georg Ernst of Limburg Stirum
Henry of Nassau-Siegen
Dutch States Army officer
Christian of Nassau-Siegen
Johann Ernst of Nassau-Siegen
John Philip of Nassau-Dillenburg
George II "the Younger/de Jonge" of Nassau-Dillenburg
Louis Henry of Nassau-Dillenburg
Count later Prince(1654) of Nassau -(in) Dillenburg jointly with Albert from 1623–1626,alone from 1626
Albert of Nassau-Dillenburg
ruled Nassau-Dillenburg with Louis Henry,1623–1626
Maurice Henry of Nassau-Hadamar
Prince of Nassau -(in) Hadamar
John Francis Desideratus of Nassau-Siegen
Count and Prince(1652) of Nassau-(in)(South) Siegen,1638
Spanish General and Stadholder
Maurice of Nassau-Siegen
killed in battle of Kallo
William Maurice of Nassau-Siegen
Count and later Prince (1664) of Nassau-(in) (North/protestant) Siegen, 1679
Dutch States Army officer
Frederick of Nassau-Siegen
George Louis of Nassau-Dillenburg
Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Dillenburg
Adolph of Nassau-Dillenburg
Prince of Nassau-(in) Schaumburg, 1662
Francis Alexander of Nassau-Hadamar
Hadamar divided between Nassau-Dietz, Nassau-Dillenburg, the Catholic Nassau-Siegen and the Calvinist Nassau-Siegen
Francis Fortunatus of Nassau
William Hyacinth of Nassau-Siegen
Prince of Nassau-(in)(South) Siegen,1699
claimed Principality of Orange
principality inherited by Nassau-Deitz (William IV, Prince of Orange), who reunited all of Ottonian Nassau
twin with William Hyacinth
Alexis Anton Christian Ferdinand of Nassau-Siegen
titulair aartsbisschop van Trapezopolis
Francis Hugo Ferdinand Gereon of Nassau-Siegen
Vice-Regent of Nassau-Siegen (1727)
Emmanuel Ignatius of Nassau-Siegen
Baron de Renaix (1699), Prince-Regent of Nassau-Siegen, (1727), Fieldmarshal of the Spanish Army, Knight of the Order of Malta (1697), Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece (1715), Knight of the Order of St. Hubertus (1720)
Frederick William Adolf of Nassau-Siegen
Prince of Nassau-(in) (North/protestant) Siegen, 1691
Dutch States Army officer
Charles Louis Henry of Nassau-Siegen
Henry of Nassau-Dillenburg
Prince of Nassau -(in) Dillenburg, 1662
inherited Nassau part of Shaumburg
Francis Joseph
Maximilian William Adolph of Nassau-Siegen
Frederick William II of Nassau-Siegen
Prince of Nassau-(in) (North/protestant) Siegen, 1722
no heirs, principality inherited by William Hyacinth, Prince of Nassau-Siegen
William II of Nassau-Dillenburg
Prince of Nassau -(in) Dillenburg, 1701
inherited part of Hadamar 1711
Christian of Nassau-Dillenburg
Prince of Nassau -(in) Dillenburg, 1724
married Isabella of Nassau-Dietz, d of Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz
Dillenburg divided between William IV, Prince of Orange (Nassau-Dietz) and William Hyacinth of Nassau-Siegen
Charles Henry of Nassau-Siegen
Russian Admiral
Henry Augustus William of Nassau-Dillenburg

House of Nassau-WeilburgEdit

Compiled from Wikipedia and:[17][18]

For ancestors of the
House of Nassau-Weilburg
(House of Nassau family tree)
John III
(1441 +1480)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Louis I
(1473 +1523)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Philip III
(1504 +1559)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
(1537 +1593)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Philip IV
(1542 +1602)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Saarbrucken
Louis II
(1565 +1627)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Ottweiler
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Weilburg
John Casimir
(1577 +1602)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Gleiberg
William Louis
(1590 +1640)
Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
(1603 +1677)
Count of Nassau-Idstein
Counts of Nassau-Idstein
Ernest Casimir
(1607 +1655)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
John Louis
(1625 +1690)
Count of Nassau-Ottweiler
ext. 1728
Gustav Adolph
(1632 +1677)
Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
ext. 1723
(1635 +1702)
Count & Prince of Nassau-Usingen
ext. 1816
(1640 +1675)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
John Ernst
(1664 +1719)
Count & Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Charles August
(1685 +1753)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Charles Ernst
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Charles Christian
(1735 +1788)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau
(1743 +1787)
Frederick William
(1768 +1816)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
(1792 +1839)
Duke of Nassau
(1817 +1905)
Duke of Nassau 1839-1866
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg

The Grand-Ducal Family of LuxembourgEdit

Duke of Nassau 1839-1866
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
of Anhalt-Dessau
William IV
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Marie Anne
of Portugal
Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
of Bourbon-Parma
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
of Belgium
of Luxembourg
of Austria
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
small arms grand arms
Maria Teresa MestrePrince
of Luxembourg
of Liechtenstein
of Luxembourg
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
of Luxembourg
of Luxembourg
of Luxembourg
of Luxembourg

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Grand Duchess Charlotte abdicated in 1964, but she died in 1985
  2. ^ Clotilde Countess of Nassau-Merenberg is the last patrilineal descendant of the House of Nassau though she descends from a family considered to be non-dynastic
  3. ^ Family tree of the early House of Nassau, retrieved on 2009-01-22.
  4. ^ Table 11, Page 23 and note on page 151, quoted at Genealogy of the Middle Ages Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved on 2009-01-23
  5. ^ a b Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (1861). G.B. van Goor (ed.). Armorial général, contenant la description des armoiries des familles nobles et patriciennes de l'Europe : précédé d'un dictionnaire des termes du blason. p. 297. ISBN 9780806304427. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  6. ^ Pütter, Johann Stephan. Primae lineae juris privati Principum speciatim Germanicae. Göttingen, 1789 (3rd ed.).
  7. ^ "Pałac Gozdzkich – de Nassau". (in Polish). Retrieved 2009-03-23.
  8. ^ a b Hay, Mark Edward (1 June 2016). "The House of Nassau between France and Independence, 1795–1814: Lesser Powers, Strategies of Conflict Resolution, Dynastic Networks". The International History Review. 38 (3): 482–504. doi:10.1080/07075332.2015.1046387. S2CID 155502574.
  9. ^ a b Louda, Jiri; Maclagan, Michael (December 12, 1988), "Netherlands and Luxembourg, Table 33", Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (1st (U.S.) ed.), Clarkson N. Potter, Inc.
  10. ^ "Official Website of the Dutch Royal House". Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst (RVD), The Hague, the Netherlands. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
  11. ^ Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (1875). Handboek der Wapenkunde. the Netherlands: Theod. Bom. p. 348. Prins FREDERIK: Het koninklijke wapen, in 't shcildhoofd gebroken door een rooden barensteel, de middelste hanger beladen met een regtopstaanden goud pijl.
  12. ^ Junius, J.H. (1894). Heraldiek. the Netherlands: Frederik Muller. p. 151. tweede oon voert het koninklijk wapen gebroken door een barensteel van drie stukken met een zilveren pijl.
  13. ^ Junius, J.H. (1894). Heraldiek. the Netherlands: Frederik Muller. p. 151. het wapen afgebeeld van de oudste dochter van den Koning der Nederlanden. De barensteel is van keel en beladen met een gouden koningskroon.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r MAREK, Miroslav (2012). "GENEALOGY.EU, The House of Nassau". GENEALOGY.EU. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "". ANCESTRY.COM. 2016. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
  16. ^ a b Note: still living, probably not appropriate to post
  17. ^ Louda, Jiri; Maclagan, Michael (December 12, 1988), "Netherlands and Luxembourg, Table 33", Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (1st (U.S.) ed.), Clarkson N. Potter, Inc.
  18. ^ Hay, Mark Edward (1 June 2016). "The House of Nassau between France and Independence, 1795–1814: Lesser Powers, Strategies of Conflict Resolution, Dynastic Networks". The International History Review. 38 (3): 482–504. doi:10.1080/07075332.2015.1046387.


External linksEdit