Hennebont

Hennebont (French pronunciation: ​[ɛnbɔ̃]; Breton: Henbont) is a commune in the Morbihan department in the region of Brittany in north-western France.

Hennebont
Henbont
A general view of Hennebont
A general view of Hennebont
Coat of arms of Hennebont
Location of Hennebont
Hennebont is located in France
Hennebont
Hennebont
Hennebont is located in Brittany
Hennebont
Hennebont
Coordinates: 47°48′18″N 3°16′39″W / 47.805°N 3.2775°W / 47.805; -3.2775Coordinates: 47°48′18″N 3°16′39″W / 47.805°N 3.2775°W / 47.805; -3.2775
CountryFrance
RegionBrittany
DepartmentMorbihan
ArrondissementLorient
CantonHennebont
IntercommunalityLorient Agglomération
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) André Hartereau[1]
Area
1
18.57 km2 (7.17 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
15,858
 • Density850/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
56083 /56700
Elevation0–82 m (0–269 ft)
(avg. 5 m or 16 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

Hennebont is situated about ten miles from the mouth of the River Blavet, which divides it into two parts: the Ville Close, the medieval walled town, and the 17th century Ville Neuve on the left bank and the oldest site: the Vieille Ville on the right. The old walled town (Ville Close) still has traces of its medieval ramparts dating from the 13th to 15th centuries as well as a large fortified 15th century gatehouse complete with double-doors with drawbridge slots, known as the Porte du Broërec.

HistoryEdit

 
"Jeanne la Flamme" at the siege of Hennebont depicted by Jeanne Malivel

Hennebont is famed for its resistance, under Joanna of Flanders, the widow of Jean de Montfort, to the armies of Philip of Valois and Charles of Blois when besieged in 1342 during the War of the Breton Succession. A century before Joan of Arc, Jeanne dressed herself in armor and led the resistance to the besiegers. She personally led an attack on the enemy camp, setting fire to it and earned the nickname "Jeanne la Flamme" ("Joan the Fiery").

In August 1944, during the Allied invasion of Brittany, a large section of the old walled town, especially the ramparts, towers and medieval buildings, sustained major damage during the bombing of German positions entrenched in the downtown area.

Points of interestEdit

DemographicsEdit

Inhabitants of Hennebont are called Hennebontais.

Breton languageEdit

In 2008, 5.45% of the children of Hennebont attended bilingual primary schools.[3]

Twin townsEdit

Hennebont is twinned with:

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Maires du Morbihan" (PDF). Préfecture du Morbihan. 7 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ (in French) Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue

External linksEdit