Helter Skelter (song)
"Helter Skelter" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles that was released in 1968 on their self-titled double album, often known as "the White Album". It was written by Paul McCartney and credited to Lennon–McCartney. The song was a product of McCartney's attempt to create a sound as loud and dirty as possible. The Beatles' recording has been noted for its "proto-metal roar" and is considered by music historians to be a key influence in the early development of heavy metal. Rolling Stone magazine ranked "Helter Skelter" 52nd on its list of the "100 Greatest Beatles songs".
1976 US promotional single
|Song by the Beatles|
|from the album The Beatles|
|Released||22 November 1968|
9–10 September 1968,|
EMI Studios, London
4:29 (stereo LP)|
3:40 (mono LP)
Writing and inspirationEdit
McCartney was inspired to write the song after reading a 1967 Guitar Player magazine interview with the Who's Pete Townshend where he described their latest single, "I Can See for Miles", as the loudest, rawest, dirtiest song the Who had ever recorded. McCartney then "wrote 'Helter Skelter' to be the most raucous vocal, the loudest drums, et cetera" and said he was "using the symbol of a helter skelter as a ride from the top to the bottom; the rise and fall of the Roman Empire – and this was the fall, the demise." In British English, a helter skelter is an amusement park attraction which features a tall spiral slide winding round a tower. McCartney has cited this song as a response to critics who accuse him of writing only ballads.
On 20 November 1968, two days before the release of The Beatles, McCartney gave Radio Luxembourg an exclusive interview, in which he commented on several of the album's songs. Speaking of "Helter Skelter", he said: "Umm, that came about just 'cause I'd read a review of a record which said, 'and this group really got us wild, there's echo on everything, they're screaming their heads off.' And I just remember thinking, 'Oh, it'd be great to do one. Pity they've done it. Must be great – really screaming record.' And then I heard their record and it was quite straight, and it was very sort of sophisticated. It wasn't rough and screaming and tape echo at all. So I thought, 'Oh well, we'll do one like that, then.' And I had this song called 'Helter Skelter,' which is just a ridiculous song. So we did it like that, 'cuz I like noise."
The song was recorded many times during sessions for The Beatles. During the 18 July 1968 sessions, the Beatles recorded a version of the song lasting 27 minutes and 11 seconds, although this version is rather slow and hypnotic, differing greatly from the volume and rawness of the album version. Another recording from the same day, originally 12 minutes long, was edited down to 4:37 for Anthology 3. On 9 September, 18 takes of approximately five minutes each were recorded, and the last one is featured on the original LP. After the 18th take, Ringo Starr flung his drum sticks across the studio and screamed, "I got blisters on my fingers!" Starr's shout was included on the stereo mix of the song. At around 3:40, the song completely fades out, gradually fades back in, fades back out partially and finally fades back in quickly with three cymbal crashes and Ringo's scream (some sources erroneously credit the "blisters" line to Lennon; in fact, Lennon can be heard asking "How's that?" before Ringo's outburst). The mono version (originally on LP only) ends on the first fadeout without Starr's outburst. The mono version was not initially available in the US as mono albums had already been phased out there. The mono version was later released in the American version of the Rarities album. In 2009, it was made available on the CD mono re-issue of The Beatles as part of the Beatles in Mono CD box set.
According to Chris Thomas, who was present, the 9 September session was especially spirited: "While Paul was doing his vocal, George Harrison had set fire to an ashtray and was running around the studio with it above his head, doing an Arthur Brown." Starr's recollection is less detailed, but agrees in spirit: "'Helter Skelter' was a track we did in total madness and hysterics in the studio. Sometimes you just had to shake out the jams."
Among music critics commenting on "Helter Skelter", Richie Unterberger of AllMusic views it as "one of [the] fiercest and most brutal rockers done by anyone" and "extraordinary". Writing for MusicHound in 1999, Guitar World editor Christopher Scapelliti identified the track as one of three "fascinating standouts" on the White Album. While admiring the diversity of McCartney's songwriting on the album, Mark Richardson of Pitchfork cites "Helter Skelter" as one of "the roughest, rawest tunes in his Beatles oeuvre".
Ian MacDonald was highly critical of the song, however, calling it "ridiculous, McCartney shrieking weedily against a massively tape-echoed backdrop of out-of-tune thrashing". Rob Sheffield was also unimpressed, writing in The Rolling Stone Album Guide (2004) that, following the double album's release on CD, "now you can program 'Sexy Sadie' and 'Long, Long, Long' without having to lift the needle to skip over 'Helter Skelter.'" Alan W. Pollack said the song will "scare and unsettle" listeners, citing "Helter Skelter"'s "obsessive nature" and "undercurrent of violence", and noted McCartney's "savage vocal delivery" as reinforcing this theme.
In a 1980 interview, Lennon said, "That's Paul completely ... It has nothing to do with anything, and least of all to do with me."
In March 2005, Q magazine ranked "Helter Skelter" number 5 in its list of the 100 Greatest Guitar Tracks.
Charles Manson told his followers that several White Album songs including "Helter Skelter" were a part of the Beatles' coded prophecy of an apocalyptic war in which racist and non-racist whites would be manoeuvred into virtually exterminating each other over the treatment of blacks. Upon the war's conclusion, after black militants would kill off the few whites they would know to have survived, Manson and his companions would emerge from an underground city in which they would have escaped the conflict. As the only remaining whites, they would rule blacks, who, as the vision went, would be incapable of running America. Manson employed "helter skelter" as the term for this sequence of events.
Los Angeles Deputy District Attorney Vincent Bugliosi, who led the prosecution of Manson and four of his followers who acted on Manson's instruction in the Tate-LaBianca murders, named his best-selling book about the murders Helter Skelter. The book was the basis for two television movies of the same title.
- In 1975, Aerosmith recorded a cover of "Helter Skelter", but it was not released until 1991, on the Pandora's Box compilation. The cover charted at #21 on the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart.
- in 1978, Siouxsie and the Banshees released one of the first covers of the song on their debut album The Scream
- in 1981, Pat Benatar included a cover of the song on her album Precious Time.
- In 1983, the Bobs released an a cappella version on their eponymous album. It earned them a 1984 Grammy nomination for Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices.
- In 1983, a remake of this song was also featured on the Mötley Crüe album Shout at the Devil.
- In 1988, a U2 recording was used as the opening track on the Rattle and Hum album. The song was recorded live at the McNichols Sports Arena in Denver, Colorado on 8 November 1987. Introducing the song, Bono controversially said, "This is a song Charles Manson stole from the Beatles. We’re stealing it back."
- In 1989, Bow Wow recorded "Helter Skelter", released it as a single and named their album after the song.
- In 2000, Oasis recorded a cover of "Helter Skelter", originally as a B-side to the single release of "Who Feels Love?" They also performed the song on their world tour promoting their fourth album Standing on the Shoulder of Giants in the early 2000s; one live version was recorded for their 2001 live album Familiar to Millions.
- In 2007, Dana Fuchs performs the song in Across the Universe.
- In 2007, Stereophonics recorded a version of the song for their cd-single "It Means Nothing".
- In 2007, Beatallica recorded a parody called "Helvester of Skelter", which also was a parody of the Metallica song "Harvester of Sorrow".
- In 2018, Marilyn Manson and Rob Zombie together recorded a version of the song released on 11 July 2018.
Paul McCartney live performancesEdit
Since 2004 McCartney has performed the song with his band on every tour, starting on 24 May 2004, while on the '04 Summer Tour, through The 'US' Tour (2005), the Summer Live '09 (2009), the Good Evening Europe Tour (2009), the Up and Coming Tour (2010/2011), the On the Run Tour (2011/2012) and the Out There Tour, which started on 4 May 2013. In the last tours, the song has been generally inserted on the third encore, which is the last time the band enters the stage. It is usually the last but one song, performed after "Yesterday" and before the final medley including "The End". Paul played the song on his One on One Tour at Fenway Park on 17 July 2016 accompanied by the Grateful Dead's Bob Weir and New England Patriots football player Rob Gronkowski.
McCartney performed the song live at the 48th Annual Grammy Awards on 8 February 2006 at the Staples Center in Los Angeles. In 2009, McCartney performed the song live on top of the Ed Sullivan Theater during his appearance on the Late Show with David Letterman.
The version of the song from McCartney's live album Good Evening New York City, recorded during the Summer Live '09 tour, was nominated at the 53rd Grammy Awards in the category of Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance. It won, becoming McCartney's first solo Grammy win since he won for arranging "Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey" in 1972.
- Paul McCartney – lead vocal, electric guitar, piano
- John Lennon – backing vocal, six-string bass, electric guitar, sound effects (through brass instruments)
- George Harrison – backing vocal, rhythm guitar, electric slide guitar, sound effects
- Ringo Starr – drums, cowbell, vocal shout
- Mal Evans – trumpet
- McKinney, Devin (2003). Magic Circles: The Beatles in Dream and History. Harvard University Press. p. 231. ISBN 0-674-01202-X.
- Winn, John C (2009). That Magic Feeling: The Beatles' Recorded Legacy, Volume Two, 1966–1970. Three Rivers Press. p. 210. ISBN 0-307-45239-5.
- Rowley, David (2013). All Together Now. Troubador Publishing Ltd. p. 68.
- Athitakis, Mark (September–October 2013). "A Beatles Reflection". Humanities. National Endowment of the Humanities. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
- Miles 1997, pp. 487–488.
- Sheff 2000, p. 200.
- Erlewine 2007.
- "100 Greatest Beatles Songs". 19 September 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- AskOxford 2008.
- The Beatles 2000, p. 311.
- Beatles Interview Database 1968.
- Lewisohn 1988, p. 154.
- Marck 2008.
- Spitz 2005, p. 794.
- Brown 2007.
- Allmusic 2007.
- Graff & Durchholz 1999, p. 88.
- Richardson, Mark (10 September 2009). "The Beatles: The Beatles". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
- MacDonald 2005, p. 298.
- Brackett & Hoard, p. 53.
- Pollack 1998.
- Bugliosi 1997, pp. 240–247.
- Linder 2007a.
- Linder 2007b.
- "Pandora's Box - Aerosmith". AllMusic. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- "The Bobs - The Bobs". AllMusic. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- 1984 Grammy award nomination, Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices, Richard Greene, Gunnar Madsen - Helter Skelter (The Bobs) LA Times, "The Envelope" awards database, accessed 2010 Jan 13.
- "U2 - Helter Skelter". U2songs.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- "Bono Bites Back". Mother Jones Magazine. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- Final Nominations List, 53rd Grammy Awards Archived 14 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine., National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved on 10 February 2011.
- [permanent dead link] Yahoo! Entertainment Story - Reuters. Retrieved on 13 February 2011.[dead link]
- '12-12-12': Paul McCartney fronts Nirvana 'reunion' and more highlights from Sandy benefit concert Archived 14 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "Review of 'Helter Skelter'". Allmusic. 2007. Archived from the original on 28 December 2006. Retrieved 28 February 2007.
- "Definition of helter-skelter". AskOxford. 2008. Retrieved 19 Sep 2010.
- "Radio Luxembourg interview, Paul McCartney". Beatles Interview Database. 20 November 1968. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
- The Beatles (2000). The Beatles Anthology. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. ISBN 0-8118-2684-8.
- Brackett, Nathan; with Hoard, Christian (eds) (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th edn). New York, NY: Fireside/Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
- Brown, Mike (2007). "Helter Skelter". What Goes On. Retrieved 12 June 2011.
- Bugliosi, Vincent; Gentry, Burt (1994). Helter Skelter: The True Story of the Manson Murders (25th Anniversary ed.). W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-08700-X.
- "Dianne Heatherington - Helter Skelter". Discogs. 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2009.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2007). "Review of The Beatles [White Album]". Allmusic. Retrieved 20 April 2007.
- Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel (eds) (1999). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide (2nd ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. ISBN 1-57859-061-2.
- Hoekstra, Ray (1978). "Will You Die For Me?". Archived from the original on 19 November 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2007.
- Lewisohn, Mark (1988). The Beatles Recording Sessions. New York: Harmony Books. ISBN 0-517-57066-1.
- Linder, Douglas (2007a). "Testimony of Paul Watkins in the Charles Manson Trial". The Trial of Charles Manson. University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law. Archived from the original on 20 March 2007. Retrieved 28 February 2007.
- Linder, Douglas (2007b). "The Influence of the Beatles on Charles Manson". The Trial of Charles Manson. University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law. Archived from the original on 21 December 2002. Retrieved 28 February 2007.
- MacDonald, Ian (2005). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties (Second Revised ed.). London: Pimlico (Rand). ISBN 1-84413-828-3.
- Marck, John T. (2008). "Helter Skelter - Music History". I Am The Beatles. Retrieved 22 June 2008.
- Miles, Barry (1997). Paul McCartney: Many Years From Now. New York: Henry Holt & Company. ISBN 0-8050-5249-6.
- Pollack, Alan W (7 June 1998). "Helter Skelter". Notes on ... series.
- Sheff, David (2000). All We Are Saying: The Last Major Interview with John Lennon and Yoko Ono. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-25464-4.
- Spitz, Bob (2005). The Beatles: The Biography. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-80352-9.