Hell's Kitchen (American TV series)
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Hell's Kitchen is an American reality competition television series based on the British series of the same name, and also hosted by celebrity chef Gordon Ramsay. It has been broadcast on Fox since 2005.
Title card from the first sixteen seasons
|Created by||Gordon Ramsay|
|Opening theme||"Fire" by the Ohio Players|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||19|
|No. of episodes||282 (list of episodes)|
|Running time||41–44 minutes|
|Distributor||ITV Studios Global Entertainment|
|Picture format||576i (SDTV) (2005–06)|
1080i (HDTV) (2007–present)
|Original release||May 30, 2005 –|
|Related shows||Hell's Kitchen (British TV series)|
Each season, two teams of chefs compete for a job as head chef at a restaurant, while working in the kitchen of a restaurant set up in the television studio. A progressive elimination format reduces a field of 12 to 20 to a single winner over the course of each season. In a typical episode, a single contestant is selected for elimination.
The first 18 seasons were produced at a modified warehouse in Los Angeles that included the restaurant, dual kitchen facilities and a dormitory where the contestants resided while on the show. In February 2019, Fox renewed the series for a nineteenth and twentieth season, this time to be filmed at the Hell's Kitchen restaurant in Las Vegas, Nevada.
Hell's Kitchen has been nominated for three Primetime Emmy Awards.
Hell's Kitchen is a reality television show that uses a progressive elimination format to narrow down a field of 12 to 20 aspiring chefs to a single winner over the course of one season. The U.S. version of Hell's Kitchen follows the same format of the UK version, although the show is aired on tape delay and not performed live, nor is there audience participation in the elimination of chefs, who are also not celebrities as they are in the UK version. The show is produced at Hell's Kitchen, a modified warehouse in Los Angeles that includes the restaurant, dual kitchen facilities and a dormitory where the chefs reside while on the show. They are also given knife sets that they get to keep, regardless of their progress.
At the start of each season, Gordon Ramsay breaks the chefs into two teams. With the exception of the first and 18th seasons, this puts women on the red team and men on the blue team; each is given a chef's jacket with panels of that color on the shoulders. The chefs remain on these teams throughout most of the competition, but Ramsay may reassign a chef to the other team if the team numbers are uneven, wishes to experiment, or if he feels the chef will perform better on the other team. Each episode typically includes a challenge and a dinner service, followed by the elimination of a chef, or, under rare circumstances, multiple. When only five or six chefs remain, they are brought into a single common team wearing black-paneled jackets. From this point onward, they compete individually during challenges and work together during services to be one of the final two.
In challenges, the teams or individual is tasked with a cooking challenge by Ramsay. The type of challenges are varied, including ingredient preparation, meal preparation and taste tests. The first challenge of each season is a signature dish cook-off, giving the chefs an opportunity to show Ramsay their cooking.
Each season typically includes one or more challenges that allows teams to construct several dishes either for a banquet to be held the next dinner service or as part of designing their own menus. Other challenges typically include a "taste it, now make it" task, where chefs must attempt to recreate a dish Ramsay has prepared after tasting it only, and a "blind taste-test" where chefs identify ingredients while blindfolded and wearing sound-blocking headphones. Some challenges have been full breakfast or lunch services, where the team completing the service first is declared the winner.
The winner of the challenge is determined by either a scoring system set for that challenge or by Ramsay's and/or guest judges' opinions. The winning team or chef receives a reward (a recreational activity away from Hell's Kitchen and other potential prizes), while the losing team or chefs are forced to do a mundane task, such as cleaning the kitchens, preparing a specific ingredient for the following dinner, having to prepare the food for both kitchens, and sometimes eating something unsavory (such as food waste blended into a smoothie) for lunch.
For dinner services, the chefs are expected to work their station (appetizers, meat, fish, or garnish) on the kitchen line to prepare food in coordination with their teammates and to Ramsay's high standards for quality and presentation. Dinner service is for about 100 guests (volunteers for the show), with each diner expecting to receive an appetizer, an entree, and a dessert, although the desserts are overlooked for most services. The chefs are given menus and recipe books by Ramsay to study and memorize, which include some of Ramsay's more difficult dishes including risotto and Beef Wellington. The chefs spend several hours before each service preparing their ingredients.
Menus may be customized for a specific dinner service, such as ethnic-themed dishes or plates that resulted from the earlier challenge. Some seasons feature a service allowing for the teams to develop their own menus, which are reviewed by Ramsay for quality and presentation beforehand. Later episodes may feature a private dinner service, where each team must serve a five course meal to 12 guests, with each member leading their teammates to prepare one course. Dinner services may include additional challenges. A chef from each team may be asked to serve a table-side meal for their team, serve celebrities sitting at the kitchen's chef's table, or act as a server for the evening taking and fulfilling orders. After the chefs are on a single black team, the last dinner service before the finale usually has each chef run the pass as a test of their quality control, including deliberate mistakes made by the sous chefs or Ramsay himself.
During a service, Ramsay demands that all orders for each course for a table go out together, and will send back entire orders if one item is improperly prepared, such as being over- or undercooked or not seasoned correctly, although he may send out incomplete orders to urge the chefs to get it together. While the chefs are in two teams, Ramsay is assisted by two trusted sous-chefs, each monitoring one of the kitchens, demanding the same standards and alerting Ramsay to any issues. Ramsay's goal is to complete every dinner service, but exceptionally poor kitchen performance by one or both teams will cause him to close their respective halves of the kitchen early and send them back to the dorms, thus ending the dinner service immediately (in the first three seasons, poor kitchen performance resulted in the restaurant being shut down and customers went hungry; Season 4 onward resulted in chefs being eliminated early and a professional cast of chefs finishing the service instead after complaints of customers not being fed forced a rule change). Ramsay may also evict individual chefs from the kitchen based on repeated poor performances during a service, and on rare occasions (once every two seasons on average), may eliminate a chef on the spot. Chefs may also walk out when under pressure from Ramsay, which more often than not will lead to their withdrawal from the show.
Once the dinner service is complete, Ramsay gathers everyone in the kitchen, announces which team is the losing team, and directs them to select two members of their team as nominees for elimination. It is possible that both teams are declared losers, or a different number of chefs may be requested for nomination. In some cases, Ramsay has named both teams winners, but still requires them to each nominate someone for elimination. This is a group consensus, but Ramsay may occasionally name a chef "best of the worst" or "best of the best" on their team and instruct them to choose the nominees. This concept, however, has faded away over time due to the contestants sometimes making nominations based on personal bias rather than kitchen performance. Ramsay has also on some occasions declared that nobody would be sent home, but those cases are generally accompanied by a double elimination the following service, a team reassignment, or occur after someone has been sent home on the spot for insubordination or exceptionally poor performance.
Ramsay reassembles the teams in the dining hall and stands about ten feet away from the losing team(s), before choosing a random contestant on said team(s) to announce the nominations. If there is a winning team, they will often congregate at a nearby table by Ramsay during the process. Once all nominations have been announced, Ramsay will beckon all nominated contestants (in addition, he can also nominate other chefs for elimination if he sees fit) from the losing team (s) and ask each of them to explain why they should stay in Hell's Kitchen. After giving these nominees the chance to defend themselves, Ramsay selects one to hand over their jacket and "leave Hell's Kitchen." On rarer occasions, Ramsay can overrule nominations or even eliminate a chef who has not been nominated, which can include a chef on a winning team. While rare, it is also possible for Ramsay to eliminate a chef during dinner service.
The eliminated chef is subsequently shown leaving the restaurant through a hallway while providing some last thoughts on the experience (in cases where contestants are eliminated mid-service, they will often head back to the dorms to retrieve their belongings before their last interview). After dismissing the chefs, Ramsay goes back upstairs to his office. He symbolically hangs the chef's jacket on a sharp hook below their picture in a row with the others, igniting the chef's picture and signaling their departure (in the first season, he simply hung their jacket and the camera would zoom in on the eliminated chef's name). During this scene, there is a voiceover of Ramsay explaining his reasons for eliminating the chef; albeit humorously at times. If an eliminated chef has performed exceptionally well, Ramsay may allow them to keep their jacket as a token of their success up to that point, if he sees fit.
Chefs may be eliminated from the competition due to medical reasons, both voluntarily and involuntarily. Chefs that violate the competition's rules may be immediately eliminated, mainly during dinner service. Chefs may also exit the competition voluntarily for any other reason; though this is not encouraged, their wishes are ultimately granted (with reasons by Ramsay explained, if applicable).
Once the number of chefs drops below a certain level (usually once five or six are left) they are awarded black jackets and assembled into a single team. In the most recent seasons, black jackets are awarded by a series of rigorous individual challenges rather than dinner service, with contestants not receiving black jackets being eliminated. Eliminations continue until the final two contestants are left (in some cases involving the final four contestants, a double elimination will occur to leave the final two).
In the finale, the final two chefs are each given the opportunity to develop their own menus and lead a brigade of former competitors through a full dinner service on their own. In the first five seasons, this included the opportunity to decorate half of the Hell's Kitchen restaurant to their liking. Prior to the dinner service, the two chefs compete in a challenge to prepare their menus, and the winner will earn the advantage of picking their brigade of chefs first. Ramsay will ensure that all menu items meet his standards for high cuisine prior to service, and he and his sous chefs will oversee the service to make sure that his high quality standards are retained, but does not otherwise get involved, allowing the two remaining chefs to demonstrate their ability to run the line. The finalists are allowed to reassign stations, or even kick their teammates out of the kitchen should they see fit; the latter has happened four times in the show's history, including Ramsay himself kicking one of the brigade members out. On one occasion, a chef had walked out of service under their own accord.
Ramsay uses his own observations and those from the diners and other sources to decide who is the winning chef. He has two doors in his office leading out to the balcony above the Hell's Kitchen seating area. Each chef stands at a door and Ramsay tells them to both turn their handles at the same time. After a commercial break, only the door of the winning chef is unlocked allowing the winner to walk through and be greeted by the crowd below. The winning chef receives two prizes including the opportunity to work as the head chef or executive chef at a restaurant of Ramsay's choosing, as well as a cash prize of $250,000. In a similar manner to the voiceover at each elimination, Ramsay has a voiceover to explain his reasons for choosing that chef as the winner. In addition, the winner hangs a picture of themselves alongside the previous winners that is seen at the restaurant's front entrance.
|James "Jocky" Petrie||Main|
|Jason "Jay" Santos||Contestant||Guest||Guest||Main|
|Andi Van Willigan||Main||Guest||Main|
Gordon Ramsay is the head chef. Jason Thompson is the narrator. Jean-Philippe Susilovic, a Belgian maître d'hôtel, comes from Petrus, one of Ramsay's London restaurants and appeared in the first seven seasons and later returned for Season 11. He left after Season 12 and was replaced by Marino Monferrato for Season 13. Susilovic was also the maître d'hôtel for the first series of the original British version. James Lukanik replaced Susilovic for Seasons 8–10. Each team also has the services of one of two sous-chefs. Season 10 winner Christina Wilson is the current sous chef for the Red Team with Season 7 runner-up Jason "Jay" Santos set to takeover for Jocky as the Blue Team's sous chef in the upcoming nineteenth and twentieth seasons.
Previous sous-chefs were Mary Ann Salcedo, Gloria Felix, Season 2 winner Heather West, Scott Leibfried, James Avery, Aaron Mitrano, Andi Van Willigan, and James "Jocky" Petrie. In Season 15, Wilson filled in for Van Willigan-Cutspec who was getting married at the time of filming but returned for one episode when her reception was one of the themed dinner services for that season. Van-Willigan returned in season 16 but was replaced by Wilson again for Seasons 17 onwards due to personal reasons.
The theme song is Fire by the Ohio Players. When the U.S. version is broadcast in the U.K., Italy, Portugal and some countries (shown on the table below), it features only the instrumental version. The instrumental version also appeared in the uncensored DVD release for the U.S. version.
For the show's first two seasons, the Hell's Kitchen restaurant set itself was housed in the former studios of Los Angeles television station KCOP at 915 North La Brea Avenue, in Hollywood, which at one time hosted production of game shows Tic Tac Dough and The Joker's Wild. KCOP was acquired by News Corporation in 2001 and its studios were integrated with those of Fox affiliate KTTV in 2003, leaving the La Brea facility vacant. Originally the studio was put up for sale, but in the end they were retooled for the production of Hell's Kitchen. The dining room area was the location of the former KCOP news studios, and living quarters for the contestants were built behind the restaurant. Before season three, the Hell's Kitchen facility was moved to Century Studios at 3322 La Cienega Place in Los Angeles. Since the fourth season, Hell's Kitchen's venue has been located at 8660 Hayden Place in Culver City. According to Arthur Perkins, the soundstage is only open for audience members when taping is taking place. The studio sits on the former location of the famous RKO Forty Acres backlot, which was used in movies such as Gone With The Wind and television series such as The Andy Griffith Show and Adventures of Superman. The studio building sits on the location of the military camp seen in the television series Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C..
Accusations of stagingEdit
The series has drawn numerous online and editorial accusations of staging and dramatic license, mostly due to editing techniques of the producers, who splice together several hours of footage from a dinner service, in order to make certain contestants appear as poor performers, later justifying their elimination. This was most obvious when one episode featured clips showing of Amanda "Tek" Moore, who was already eliminated, in the background, still cooking three episodes after her elimination.
One of the most controversial accusations of staging on Hell's Kitchen relates to an incident with contestant Joseph Tinnelly from Season 6, who, during one elimination round, angrily confronted Ramsay, challenging him to fight, and was then escorted off the set. The incident drew immediate fire from critics as an overplayed and possibly faked scene, conducted to cause action and tension on the show in order to spark viewer interest, although later research has disproven this.
In a 2013 interview, Ramsay admitted that the vast majority of his anger towards contestants was acting, his on-camera rage being done to force contestants to give their all and that when off-camera he treated all contestants with friendliness and respect. Ramsay further stated he would often meet with eliminated contestants after their departure from the show, offering positive criticism and advice. Staff and production members further affirmed that in real life, Ramsay was a sociable and friendly person and most of the on-camera drama is played out for the benefit of the audience.
Starting in April 2020, Jim McGloin, a contestant who competed on the 6th season of the show, stated in livestreams via Twitch that the competition is more or less along the lines of professional wrestling, being that it's set up as if it were legitimate, but is staged nonetheless. He claimed that producers would use confessionals as a way to create storylines or narratives to spark conflict, and that they chose who went home, and not Ramsay, amongst other claims. However, he also confirmed that all those in the competition were real people, and that nobody was an actor nor a storyline plant.
|Season||Original run||Winner||Runner-up||Reason for winning||No. of contestants||Winner's prize|
|1||May 30 – August 1, 2005||Michael Wray||Ralph Pagano||High standards||12||Tatou in Los Angeles[a]|
|2||June 12 – August 14, 2006||Heather West||Virginia Dalbeck||Determination||Terra Rossa at Red Rock Resort Spa and Casino in Las Vegas|
|3||June 4 – August 13, 2007||Rock Harper||Bonnie Muirhead||Leadership||Terra Verde at Green Valley Ranch in Henderson|
|4||April 1 – July 8, 2008||Christina Machamer||Louis Petrozza||Potential||15||London West Hollywood in Los Angeles|
|5||January 29 – May 14, 2009||Danny Veltri||Paula da Silva||Maturity||16||Fornelletto at the Borgata in Atlantic City|
|6||July 21 – October 13, 2009||Dave Levey||Kevin Cottle||Ability||17||Araxi Restaurant and Bar in Whistler|
|7||June 1 – August 10, 2010||Holli Ugalde||Jason "Jay" Santos||Confidence||16||Savoy Grill at Savoy Hotel in London[b]|
|8||September 22 – December 15, 2010||Nona Sivley||Russell Kook II||Palate||LA Market at JW Marriott Hotel in Los Angeles|
|9||July 18 – September 19, 2011||Paul Niedermann||Will Lustberg||Enthusiasm||18||BLT Steak in New York City|
|10||June 4 – September 10, 2012||Christina Wilson||Justin Antiorio||Passion||Gordon Ramsay Steak in the Paris Las Vegas|
|11||March 12 – July 25, 2013||Ja'Nel Witt||Mary Poehnelt||Composure||20||Gordon Ramsay Pub & Grill at Caesars Palace[c]|
|12||March 13 – July 24, 2014||Scott Commings||Jason Zepaltas[d]||Artistry|
|13||September 10 – December 17, 2014||La Tasha McCutchen||Bryant Gallaher||Will, Tenacity, & Determination||18||Gordon Ramsay Pub & Grill at Caesars Atlantic City[e]|
|14||March 3 – June 9, 2015||Meghan Gill||Torrece "T" Gregoire||Natural Leadership|
|15||January 15 – April 29, 2016||Ariel Malone||Kristin Barone||Vocalness||BLT Steak at Bally's Las Vegas|
|16||September 23, 2016 – February 2, 2017||Kimberly-Ann Ryan||Heather Williams||Tenacity||Yardbird Southern Table & Bar at The Venetian Las Vegas|
|17||September 29, 2017 – February 2, 2018||Michelle Tribble[f]||Benjamin Knack[g]||Talent||16||Hell's Kitchen Restaurant at Caesars Palace|
|18||September 28, 2018 – February 8, 2019||Ariel Contreras-Fox[h]||Mia Castro||Growth & Consistency|
|19||UK Broadcast: October 21, 2020 – present
US Broadcast: TBA 2020
|TBA||TBA||TBA||18||Hell's Kitchen Restaurant at Lake Tahoe|
- Season 1 winner Michael Wray was offered the alternative choice of working at Gordon Ramsay in London, but declined the offer in order to be closer to his family.
- Season 7 winner Holli Ugalde was refused a UK work permit, and so was awarded the cash prize in lieu of the job at the Savoy Grill.
- Season 11 winner Ja'Nel Witt's job offer was withdrawn after she failed a drug test, but she kept the cash prize. Due to a commitment on Witt's job withdrawal, season 12 winner Scott Commings later won the job offer after winning in the next season.
- Originally competed on season 9, but left before first dinner service due to illness.
- Season 13 winner La Tasha McCutchen and Season 14 winner Meghan Gill shared head chef duties at Caesars Atlantic City.
- Originally competed on season 14, finishing third.
- Originally competed on season 7, finishing third.
- Originally competed on season 6, finishing third.
Awards and nominationsEdit
Hell's Kitchen has been nominated for three Primetime Emmy Awards in the Outstanding Art Direction for Variety, Music or Nonfiction Programming category in 2007, 2008, and 2009. It has also been nominated for two Art Directors Guild Awards in the Television — Awards Show, Variety, Music or Non-Fiction Program category in 2007 and 2008, winning one in 2008. It has also been nominated for a Teen Choice Award for Choice Summer Series.
At the 2011 People's Choice Awards, Hell's Kitchen was nominated for Favorite Reality Show and Gordon Ramsay was nominated for Favorite TV Chef.
At the 2014 Reality TV Awards ceremony, Hell's Kitchen won an award for best new cast. In 2015, Hell's Kitchen won awards for best overall show and guilty pleasure at the 2015 Reality TV Awards.
Compared to the UK Version, the show's use of aspiring chefs instead of celebrities has been praised, with Ramsay himself ending the UK Version on his own terms due to this reason, and reportedly nearly did the same for the US Version after Executives nearly changed the format to be in line to the UK Version.
U.S. Nielsen ratingsEdit
|Season||Season premiere||Season finale||TV season||Time slot (ET/PT)||Rank||Viewers|
|1||May 30, 2005||6.80||August 1, 2005||8.90||2005||Monday 9:00 p.m.||7.04|
|2||June 12, 2006||5.90||August 14, 2006||9.55||2006||7.56|
|3||June 4, 2007||8.16||August 13, 2007||9.68||2007||8.36|
|4||April 1, 2008||11.85||July 8, 2008||8.91||2007–08||Tuesday 9:00 p.m.||10.06|
|5||January 29, 2009||10.86||May 14, 2009||7.37||2008–09||Thursday 9:00 p.m.||8.01|
|6||July 21, 2009||6.09||October 13, 2009||8.04||2009||Tuesday 8:00 p.m.||7.23|
|7||June 1, 2010||6.22||August 10, 2010||7.24||2010||6.51|
|8||September 22, 2010||5.98||December 15, 2010||5.86||2010–11||Wednesday 8:00 p.m. (1–10)
Wednesday 9:00 p.m. (11–15)
|9||July 18, 2011||5.84||September 19, 2011||5.94||2011||Monday 8:00 p.m. (1, 3, 5, 7, 9–11, 15–16)
Monday 9:00 p.m. (12–14)
|Tuesday 8:00 p.m. (2, 4, 6, 8)||6.13|
|10||June 4, 2012||5.46||September 10, 2012||6.27||2012||Monday 8:00 p.m. (1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 14, 20)
Monday 9:00 p.m. (16–18)
|Tuesday 8:00 p.m. (2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 13, 15, 19)||5.60|
|11||March 12, 2013||5.30||July 25, 2013||5.61||2012–13||Tuesday 8:00 p.m. (1–10)
Monday 8:00 p.m. (11–12)
Thursday 8:00 p.m. (13–18, 21–22)
Thursday 9:00 p.m. (19–20)
|12||March 13, 2014||5.45||July 24, 2014||5.17||2013–14||Thursday 8:00 p.m.||4.83|
|13||September 10, 2014||4.27||December 17, 2014||3.60||2014–15||Wednesday 8:00 p.m.||3.77|
|14||March 3, 2015||4.09||June 9, 2015||3.42||Tuesday 8:00 p.m. (1–13)
Tuesday 9:00 p.m. (14–16)
|15||January 15, 2016||3.41||April 29, 2016||3.13||2015–16||Friday 9:00 p.m. (1–2, 12–16)
Wednesday 9:00 p.m. (3–11)
|16||September 23, 2016||3.37||February 2, 2017||3.67||2016–17||Friday 8:00 p.m. (1–10)
Thursday 8:00 p.m. (11–16)
|17||September 29, 2017||3.02||February 2, 2018||3.36||2017–18||Friday 8:00 p.m.||3.13|
|18||September 28, 2018||2.98||February 8, 2019||3.17||2018–19||Friday 9:00 p.m.||TBA|
|DVD/BD title||No. of
|Region 1 (CAN)||Region 1 (US)||Region 4 (AUS)|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 1: Raw and Uncensored||10||April 8, 2008||December 1, 2008|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 2: Raw and Uncensored||10||October 27, 2009||May 11, 2010||February 2, 2009|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 3: Raw and Uncensored||11||August 10, 2010||September 21, 2010||February 2, 2009|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 4: Raw and Uncensored||15||November 16, 2010||November 9, 2010||April 1, 2009|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 5: Raw and Uncensored||15||August 30, 2011||November 27, 2009|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 6: Raw and Uncensored||15||November 1, 2011||April 10, 2012||March 9, 2011|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 7: Raw and Uncensored||15||June 5, 2012||May 11, 2011|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 8: Raw and Uncensored||15||December 4, 2012||May 11, 2011|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 9: Raw and Uncensored||16||August 27, 2013||September 10, 2013||TBA|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 10: Raw and Uncensored||20||October 8, 2013||October 1, 2013||TBA|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 11: Raw and Uncensored||22||April 15, 2014||TBA|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 12: Raw and Uncensored||20||September 1, 2015||TBA|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 13: Raw and Uncensored||16||November 24, 2015||TBA|
|Hell's Kitchen – Season 14: Raw and Uncensored||16||March 15, 2016||TBA|
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2018)
On September 11, 2008, Ubisoft released Hell's Kitchen: The Game for the Wii, Nintendo DS, Microsoft Windows, and iOS, which features the likeness of Ramsay, and the many important tasks shown in the U.S. version of the show.
|Hell's Kitchen on Facebook|
|Developer(s)||Ludia / Social2u|
|Release||April 2, 2009|
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- Jay Santos (June 1, 2019). "And that's a wrap people!!! #HK19 & #HK20 Some of the nicest, kindest and hard working people I have ever had the pleasure of working with!! Thank you to @chefchristinamwilson for trusting me to be by her side and of course the big man himself Mr. @gordongram for allowing me to be a part of this amazing family of talent!! #souschef #vegas #itsraw #hellskitchen #givemeyourcoat #tellyourface". Instagram. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
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- Welch, Alex (October 1, 2018). "'Masters of Illusion' adjusts down: Friday final ratings". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on October 2, 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
- Welch, Alex (February 11, 2019). "'Blindspot' adjusts up: Friday final ratings". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on February 12, 2019. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
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