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Hashtrud (Persian: هشترود‎; also Romanized as Hashtrūd; also known as Āz̄arān, Sarāskand, Sar Eskand, Sar Eskandar, and Sar Eskand Khān)[2] is a city and capital of Hashtrud County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Hashtrud is located 140 km from Tabriz, the capital of the East-Azerbaijan province of Iran. During the 2006 census, the population was 18,418, with 4,493 families.[3] Hashtrud is also bordered with the Sahand mountains toward the west of the city, and is surrounded by several rivers, such as the Qranqvchay, and Ozan river.[4]

Hashtrud

هشترود
City
Bayazid Bastami Tomb
Hashtrud is located in Iran
Hashtrud
Hashtrud
Coordinates: 37°28′40″N 47°03′03″E / 37.47778°N 47.05083°E / 37.47778; 47.05083Coordinates: 37°28′40″N 47°03′03″E / 37.47778°N 47.05083°E / 37.47778; 47.05083
Country Iran
ProvinceEast Azerbaijan
CountyHashtrud
BakhshCentral
Population
 (2016 Census)
 • Total20,572 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

HistoryEdit

Hashtrud is home to the Zahhak Castle, named after Zahhak in ancient Persian mythology. The castle was inhabited by various Persian dynasties until the Timurid era.[5]

Before the 1979 Islamic Revolution, a census report recalls that Hashtrud was home to roughly 10 Jewish families.[6]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. ^ Hashtrud can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3054140" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ fa:هشترود
  5. ^ http://www.tishineh.com/touritem/844/Zahhak-Castle
  6. ^ http://mcohen02.tripod.com/azarbaijan.pdf

ReferencesEdit