Hashtrud (Persian: هشترود; Azerbaijani: سرسکند; also Romanized as Hashtrūd; also known as Āz̄arān, Sarāskand, Sar Eskand, Sar Eskandar, and Sar Eskand Khān) is a city in the Central District of Hashtrud County, East Azerbaijan province, Iran, and serves as capital of the county. Hashtrud is located 140 km from Tabriz, the capital of the province. The city is bordered by the Sahand mountains toward the west of the city, and is surrounded by several rivers, such as the Qranqvchay and Ozan Rivers.
|Coordinates: 37°28′17″N 47°03′30″E / 37.47139°N 47.05833°ECoordinates: 37°28′17″N 47°03′30″E / 37.47139°N 47.05833°E|
|Time zone||UTC+3:30 (IRST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+4:30 (IRDT)|
At the 2006 census, its population was 18,418 in 4,493 households. The following census in 2011 counted 19,903 people in 5,376 households. The latest census in 2016 showed a population of 60,572 people in 6,056 households.
Hashtrud is home to the Zahhak Castle, named after Zahhak in ancient Persian mythology. The castle was inhabited by various Persian dynasties until the Timurid era.
Before the 1979 Islamic Revolution, a census report recalls that Hashtrud was home to roughly 10 Jewish families.
- ^ a b "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1395 (2016)". AMAR (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 03. Archived from the original (Excel) on 13 November 2020. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
- ^ Hashtrud can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3054140" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". AMAR (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 03. Archived from the original (Excel) on 20 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
- ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1390 (2011)" (Excel). Iran Data Portal (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 03. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
- ^ "Zahhak Castle". Tishineh. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
- ^ http://mcohen02.tripod.com/azarbaijan.pdf[bare URL PDF]