Hapjeong-dong

Hapjeong-dong (Korean pronunciation: [hapt͈ɕʌŋdoŋ]) is a dong, neighbourhood of the Mapo-gu district in Seoul, South Korea.[1][2]

Hapjeong-dong
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul합정동
 • Hanja
 • Revised RomanizationHapjeong-dong
 • McCune–ReischauerHap chong dong
Hapjeong-dong Community Service Center
Hapjeong-dong Community Service Center
CountrySouth Korea
RegionSudogwon
Area
 • Total1.71 km2 (0.66 sq mi)
Population
 (2001)[1]
 • Total23,408
 • Density14,000/km2 (35,000/sq mi)

See alsoEdit

Origin of the nameEdit

Originally, Hapjeong-dong was a part of Yeonhui-bang, a division of Seoul that encompassed approximately Seodaemun-gu and the western part of Mapo-gu. The meaning of Hapjeong-dong, written in Hanja as , was "clam well". Later the Hanja transcription of Hapjeong was changed to .

After the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty of 1910, Hapjeong-dong was known as Hapjeon-ri in 1913 and Hapjeong-jeong in 1936; it was a part of Yeonhui-myeon, which extended from Seodaemun-gu to Yeouido. In 1944, it became a part of the newly created Mapo-gu district and received its current name in 1946.[3]

StreetsEdit

Hapjeong-dong contains the following main streets, which also give their name to surrounding, smaller streets according to the new address system in South Korea:

  • Donggyo-ro separates Hapjeong-dong from Mangwon-dong;
  • Dongmak-ro;
  • Huiujeong-ro: the name of this street is the former name of Mangwonjeong, a pavilion built by his brother near the Han river;[4]
  • Poeun-ro: the name refers to the pen name of Jeong Mong-ju, whose statue stands at one end of the street;
  • Seonji-gil;
  • Tojeong-ro;
  • Yanghwajin-gil: the name refers to Yanghwagin, a former port and ferry dock on the Han riverside;
  • Yanghwa-ro: leads to Yanghwa Bridge, near the former site of the Yanghwajin ferry dock;
  • Worldcup-ro: leads to the Seoul World Cup Stadium and separates Hapjeong-dong from Seogyo-dong.

LandmarksEdit

A few historical landmarks may be found in Hapjeong-dong:

  • Mangwonjeong was a pavilion built in 1424 by Prince Hyoryeong, elder brother of King Sejong, to oversee farming every spring and fall. Its first name, "Huiujeong" ("a pavilion meeting a delightful rain"), was given by King Sejong after seeing the field getting wet by rain during a visit. Later, Prince Wolsan, brother of King Seongjong, inherited the pavilion and renamed it "Mangwongeong". The pavilion was damaged by a flood in 1925 and rebuilt in 1989. Nowadays it is accessible from Donggyo-ro 8an-gil and oversees the Han river expressway.[4]
  • Yangwhajin was a port and ferry dock on the Han riverside, located near Jeoldu-san. It used to be an important entry point to Seoul.[5]
  • Jeoldu-san is a rocky promontory that oversees the Han river near the Dangsan Railway Bridge, with a shrine and park dedicated to Christian martyrs.
  • Yanghwajin Foreigners' Cemetery, located near Jeoldu-san.

Other notable sites in Hapjeong-dong include:

  • Yanghwa Bridge, that connects to Seonyu-do and the Han river south bank.
  • the Seoul Thermal Power Station, also partly located in Dangin-dong.

A number of companies specialized in music or media are located in Hapjeong-dong, included YG Entertainment.

TransportEdit

The area is served by subway via Hapjeong Station (  and  ), and Sangsu Station ( ). Also, various Seoul bus lines reach the street.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "합정동 (Hapjeong-dong 合井洞)" (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-05-11.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "The origin of the dong' name (Hapjeong-dong 합정동)" (in Korean). Mapo-gu official site. Retrieved 2008-05-11.
  3. ^ (in Korean) 합정동 유래 (Etymology), Hapjeong-dong official website.
  4. ^ a b Source: information panel on the site of Mangweonjeong.
  5. ^ Historical background of Yanghwagin, Yanghwagin Foreign Missionary Cemetery web site.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 37°32′58″N 126°54′20″E / 37.54946°N 126.90566°E / 37.54946; 126.90566