Hameer is a nocturnal Hindustani classical raga nominally placed in Kalyan thaat. All the (shuddha swaras (natural notes) along with (teevra madhyam are used in it. Generally, its vaadi swar (the most used, principal note of a raga on which a pause may be taken) is dhaivat and the samavaadi swar (the second-most used important note assisting the vaadi swar) is gandhar. However, some exponents consider the vaadi swar to be pancham (G natural) as Hameer is mainly sung in the upper half of an octave and is nocturnal. Pancham is not taken in the aaroh but is taken in avroh. Its jati is "Shadav Sampurn". "Vadi Svar" is Dhaivat (Dh) and Samvadi Swar is Gandhar.

Hameer
ThaatKalyan
Time of dayEarly night, 9–12[1]
ArohanaS G M D N [1]
Avarohana N D P  P G M R S[1]
VadiDha
SamavadiGa
Synonym
  • Hambir
  • Hameer
  • Hameer Kalyan
SimilarKamod, Kedar, Gaud Sarang, Chhayanat

Ascent and descentEdit

In the ascent, all natural notes are used, sometimes adding F#. In the descent, both of the madhyamas are used. A feature during the descent is the series of swaras 'Pa ga ma re sa' (G E F D C). At times, Komal Nishad (ni) (B flat) is also used as in "Dha ni Pa" during the descent. The general ascent and descent of the notes is:

                  Sa Re Sa, Ga Ma Dha, Ni Dha Sa
                  C  D  C, E  F  A, B  A   C
                  Sa Ni Dha Pa, ma Pa Dha Pa, Ga Ma Re Sa
                  C  B  A   G, F# G  A   G, E  F  D  C

Scholars do not permit the use of teevra madhyam in this raga and consider it to have emanated from Bilaval. But today the F# has become part of the raga. A special characteristic feature of this raga is the specific way in which the dhaivat (dha) is sung or played with a touch of upper nishad (ni) at the beginning.

Organization and relationshipsEdit

Samay (time)Edit

The time to sing this raga is 2nd prahar of night i.e. 9:00pm–12:00am.

Film SongsEdit

Language:TamilEdit

Song Movie Composer Singer
En Uyir Thozhi Karnan Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy P. Susheela
Udaluku Uyir Kaaval Manapanthal P. B. Sreenivas
Kannizhantha Enippadigal K. V. Mahadevan P. Susheela
Chandrodayam Oru Pennanatho Chandhrodhayam M. S. Viswanathan T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela
Kannile Enna Undu Aval Oru Thodar Kathai P. Susheela
Vellaikkamalathiley Gowri Kalyanam Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi
Aval Oru Navarasa Ulagam Sutrum Valiban S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
Kaaluku Keezhe Naluvuthu Silambu K. S. Chitra
Yeriyile Oru Kashmir Roja

(Ragamalika:Kedar/Hamirkalyani,Valaji)

Madhanamaaligai M. B. Sreenivasan P. Suseela, K. J. Yesudas
Kadhal Oviyam Kavikkuyil Ilaiyaraaja Sujatha Mohan
Kaiyil Veenai Vietnam Colony Bombay Jayashree
Inimel Naalum Iravu Pookal S. Janaki
Nila Kaikiradhu Indira A. R. Rahman Hariharan, Harini
Swasame Swasame

(Ragamalika:Kedar/Hamirkalyani,Maand)

Thenali S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Sadhana Sargam
Kanava Illai Kaatra Ratchagan Srinivas
Manasukkul Kalyana Agathigal V. S. Narasimhan Raj Sitaraman, P. Susheela
Iruvathu Vayathu Varai Kannodu Kanbathellam Deva Hariharan, S. Janaki

Language:HindiEdit

  • The song from the movie Kohinoor, 'Madhuban mein Radhika Nachi re' is composed in the Hameer raga

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Bor & Rao 1999, p. 78.

ReferencesEdit

  • Bor, Joep; Rao, Suvarnalata (1999). The Raga Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas. Nimbus Records with Rotterdam Conservatory of Music. p. 76. ISBN 9780954397609.