Kalyan (thaat)

Kalyan (IAST: Kalyāṇ) is one of the ten basic thaats of Hindustani music from the Indian subcontinent.[1] It is also the name of a raga (more popularly known as Yaman) within this thaat.[citation needed]

DescriptionEdit

Kalyan thaat consists of an important group of evening ragas. Characterised by the teevra Madhyam, this thaat literally means good luck. Ragas of this thaat are considered to be a blessing-seeking and soothing. As a result, they are performed in the evening at the beginning of a concert. These ragas create a feeling of the unfolding of an evening.[citation needed]

The Hindustani Classical Thaats are defined in their relation with the Bilawal Thaat, which has all shuddha(pure) notes.

Bilaawal Thaat Kalyan Thaat
Definition All shuddha(pure) notes Ma is tivra or sharp Ma'
Indian Sargam Notes Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa Sa Re Ga Ma' Pa Dha Ni Sa
Notes in scale of C C D E F G A B C C D E F# G A B C
Whole/Half Steps W-W-H-W-W-W-H W-W-W-H-W-W-H
Degrees 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 ♯4 5 6 7
Western Equivalent Ionian Mode or Major Scale Lydian Mode


RagasEdit

The Kalyan thaat is huge and consists of many variations including ragas (but not restricted to) like Shuddha Kalyan, Shyam Kalyan, Yaman Kalyan, Anandi Kalyan, Khem Kalyan (Haunsdhwani + Yaman), Savani Kalyan etc.[citation needed]

Ragas in Kalyan Thaat: Yaman, Bhupali, Hindol, Kedar.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bor, Joep; Rao, Suvarnalata (1999). The Raga Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas. Nimbus Records with Rotterdam Conservatory of Music. p. 3. ISBN 9780954397609.