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Hadfield, Derbyshire

Hadfield is a town in the High Peak of Derbyshire, England. The population of the town's wards in the 2011 Census was 6,305.[1][2] It lies on the south side of the River Etherow, the border between Derbyshire and Greater Manchester, at the western edge of the Peak District close to Glossop.

Hadfield
Station Road, Hadfield - geograph.org.uk - 943037.jpg
Station Road – The main street in Hadfield
Hadfield is located in Derbyshire
Hadfield
Hadfield
Location within Derbyshire
Population6,305 (Wards 2011)
OS grid referenceSK021963
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGLOSSOP
Postcode districtSK13
Dialling code01457
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°28′N 1°58′W / 53.46°N 1.97°W / 53.46; -1.97Coordinates: 53°28′N 1°58′W / 53.46°N 1.97°W / 53.46; -1.97

GeographyEdit

Hadfield lies between Bottoms Reservoir and the Glossop Brook, on the southern side of the River Etherow valley, which is known as Longdendale. The town lies between 394 and 690 feet (120 and 210 m) above sea level. Hadfield is 12 12 miles (20 km) from Manchester.

HistoryEdit

Hadfield was part of the Manor of Glossop, and at the time of the Domesday survey belonged to William the Conqueror.[3] King Henry I granted the land to William Peveril. In 1157 King Henry II gave it to the Abbey of Basingwerk. In 1537 King Henry VIII gave it to the Earl of Shrewsbury from whom it came to the Howard family (Dukes of Norfolk). While the Howards were responsible in the 1810s for the development of Glossop, it was the Sidebottom family who developed Hadfield. They bought the Waterside and Bridge Mill complex from John Turner and John Thornley in 1820.

For three generations they developed these mills, as a large spinning and weaving combine. They built their own branch railway to the mill, and in 1880 ran 293,000 spindles and 4,800 looms. In 1896 the Sidebottoms went into liquidation. Bridge Mill was destroyed by fire in 1899, but Waterside Mill was bought by John Gartside and Co of Ashton-under-Lyne. Gartside's re-equipped the mills with automatic looms from the United States and installed new engines and electric lighting.[4]

During the First World War (1914–18), the mill was taken over by the Greenfield Mill Company but parts of the mill were used to produce munitions. After the war, the company declined. In 1940 the mill was occupied by Maconochie's Foodstuffs Ltd, which had been bombed out of its previous premises in London. By 1954, about half of the original building had been demolished, and more was to go. In 1976 the site was redeveloped and renamed as the Hadfield Trading Estate.[5]

Station Mill was built in 1834 by Thomas and Edward Platt, members of a family who had farmed Longdendale for generations. The family owned this cotton mill for 68 years, before selling it in 1923 to E. Wilman & Sons, which converted it to silk noil spinning. The mill closed in 1989.

Hadfield Mills were corn mills from before 1819. In 1874 Thomas Rhodes and Sons converted the mills to the manufacture of cotton. There were 1,000 workers there in 1873 but it closed in 1932. In 1940 it was reopened by Hadfield Worsted Mills Ltd for cloth manufacture.[5]

GovernanceEdit

Hadfield is administered by High Peak Borough Council at the Town/District/Borough level of Government, and by Derbyshire County Council at County level.

Representation on Derbyshire County Council is split between the divisions of Glossop and Charlesworth, and Etherow – with the majority of the town being in the Etherow division. Etherow division contains Hadfield North, Hadfield South, Gamesley and the large and sparsely populated Tintwistle ward. Glossop and Charlesworth division contains amongst others Padfield ward (which takes the northern side of Station Road, the main shopping street). These boundaries were set in 2013.

Division Holder
Etherow Cllr Dave Wilcox
Glossop and Charlesworth Cllr Damien Greenhalgh
Cllr Ellie Wilcox

[6]

Representation on High Peak Borough Council

Ward Holder
Hadfield North Cllr MANN, Victoria Elizabeth
Hadfield South Cllr SIDDALL, Edward
Hadfield South Cllr MCKEOWN, Robert Joseph

[7]

Hadfield does not have a parish council.

The Member of Parliament for the High Peak constituency since 2017 has been Ruth George MP, representing the Labour Party. Her majority in the 2017 general election was 2,322 over the Conservative candidate Andrew Bingham.

Constituency Holder
High Peak Ruth George

TransportEdit

 
Hadfield Mills, Padfield

The town is served by Hadfield and Dinting railway stations on the Glossop line. Hadfield is the terminus, with most trains running first to Glossop and then reversing through Dinting towards Manchester Piccadilly. The railway, formerly known as the Woodhead Line, used to run through to Penistone and Sheffield via the Woodhead Tunnel but passenger services were withdrawn in 1970. Goods trains ran until 1981 when Hadfield became the terminus. The trackbed to the east has been adopted as part of the Longdendale Trail footpath.

The A57, which links Manchester to Sheffield via the Snake Pass, passes to the south of Hadfield, from Woolley Bridge to Dinting Vale. The A628 road, from Manchester to Barnsley and Sheffield over the Woodhead Pass, runs on the other side of the River Etherow through Hollingworth and Tintwistle. These two roads are major freight routes and are often congested, which has created traffic problems both for Hadfield and the neighbouring towns and villages. The proposed Mottram–Tintwistle Bypass is intended relieve the congestion.

Hadfield is within close proximity of the Greater Manchester county boundary, and some services are provided with this in mind. Though lying within Derbyshire and the East Midlands, some of Hadfield's transport facilities are managed by the Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive, whilst Tameside and Glossop Acute Services, based in Tameside, Greater Manchester, is the NHS Trust which operates in the area.

The town is served by three main bus routes: 237, which runs twice per hour in each direction towards Glossop and Ashton-under-Lyne; 397, which runs hourly to both Glossop and Hyde; and route 393, which is an hourly circular route linking the town to Padfield, Glossop and Shirebrook Park.

MediaEdit

The popular BBC television comedy series The League of Gentlemen was filmed in Hadfield, which doubled as the fictional town of Royston Vasey. In the film spin-off from the original series, The League of Gentlemen's Apocalypse, Hadfield appears as itself when the characters from the TV series enter into the real world through a supposed portal below a church. The statue featured in the series and film's opening credits is the war memorial, commemorating lives lost in the First and Second World Wars.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hadfield South Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  2. ^ "Hadfield North Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  3. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7
  4. ^ Perkins, Helen. Old Ordnance Survey Maps Hadfield and Tintwistle 1907. Gateshead NE11 9BD: Alan Godfrey Maps. ISBN 0-85054-647-8.
  5. ^ a b Quayle, Tom (2006). The Cotton Industry in Longdendale and Glossopdale. Stroud,Gloucestershire: Tempus. pp. 96–108. ISBN 0-7524-3883-2.
  6. ^ "Derbyshire County Council election results". 3 May 2013. Archived from the original on 6 May 2013.
  7. ^ High Peak councillors. Archived 26 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine