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Hadano (秦野市, Hadano-shi) is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

Hadano

秦野市
Panorama view of Hadano and Sagami Bay from Mount Kunugi
Panorama view of Hadano and Sagami Bay from Mount Kunugi
Flag of Hadano
Flag
Official seal of Hadano
Seal
Location of Hadano in Kanagawa Prefecture
Location of Hadano in Kanagawa Prefecture
Hadano is located in Japan
Hadano
Hadano
 
Coordinates: 35°22′N 139°13′E / 35.367°N 139.217°E / 35.367; 139.217Coordinates: 35°22′N 139°13′E / 35.367°N 139.217°E / 35.367; 139.217
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureKanagawa Prefecture
Government
 • MayorFuruya Yoshiyuki
Area
 • Total103.76 km2 (40.06 sq mi)
Population
 (May 1, 2017)
 • Total166,140
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeCamellia sasanqua and Magnolia kobus
• FlowerHydrangea and Dianthus
• BirdJapanese bush-warbler
Phone number0463-82-5111
Address1-3-2 Sakuracho, Hadano-shi, Kanagawa-ken 257-0003
Websitehttp://www.city.hadano.kanagawa.jp/
Hadano City Hall

As of May 2017, the city has an estimated population of 166,140, and a population density of 1,600 persons per km2.[1] The total area is 103.76 km2.[2]

Contents

GeographyEdit

Hadano is located in the hills of west-central Kanagawa Prefecture. About half of the city area is within the borders of the Tanzawa-Ōyama Quasi-National Park.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

HistoryEdit

The name "Hadano" appears as a geographic term in the Heian period Wamyō Ruijushō, as "Hatano", and there has been scholarly speculation as to possible connections with the Nara period Hata clan. From the late Heian period until the Kamakura period, the area was divided into shōen controlled by descendants of Fujiwara no Hidesato, including the Sengoku-period daimyō, the Hatano clan. During the Edo period, it was nominally part of Odawara Domain, although large portions were tenryō territory controlled by the shōgun in Edo through various hatamoto.

After the Meiji Restoration and with the establishment of the district system in 1878, the area came under the control of Ōsumi District (大住郡, Ōsumi-gun) and became Hadano town on April 1, 1889. On March 26, 1896, Ōsumi District and Yurugi District were merged to form Naka District. The town began to experience rapid growth after the opening of the Odakyu Electric Railway in 1927. Hadano became a city on January 1, 1955, through the merger of former towns of Hadano and Minamihadano with the villages of Kitahadano and Higashihadano. The new city annexed neighboring the village of One, and the village of Kamihadano (from Ashigarakami District) later the same year, and annexed the town of Nishihadano in 1964.

EconomyEdit

Hadano was a regional commercial center during the Edo period following the introduction of tobacco cultivation to the area. The curtains closed on the industry's 300-year history in 1984, and the local farmers have largely converted to production of green tea and ornamental flowers. A former tobacco-trading center and processing plant belonging to Japan Tobacco and Salt Public Corporation (now Japan Tobacco) has been replaced by a large shopping mall.

TransportationEdit

Tourist attractionsEdit

Sister citiesEdit

Notable people from HadanoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Statistics of Hadano City" (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan: Hadano City. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  2. ^ "Profile of Hadano City" (in Japanese). Japan: Hadano City. Retrieved 7 May 2017.

External linksEdit