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Panorama view of Hadano and Sagami Bay from Mount Kunugi
Location of Hadano in Kanagawa Prefecture
|• Mayor||Furuya Yoshiyuki|
|• Total||103.76 km2 (40.06 sq mi)|
(May 1, 2017)
|• Density||1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Tree||Camellia sasanqua and Magnolia kobus|
|• Flower||Hydrangea and Dianthus|
|• Bird||Japanese bush-warbler|
|Address||1-3-2 Sakuracho, Hadano-shi, Kanagawa-ken 257-0003|
Hadano is located in the hills of west-central Kanagawa Prefecture. About half of the city area is within the borders of the Tanzawa-Ōyama Quasi-National Park.
The name "Hadano" appears as a geographic term in the Heian period Wamyō Ruijushō, as "Hatano", and there has been scholarly speculation as to possible connections with the Nara period Hata clan. From the late Heian period until the Kamakura period, the area was divided into shōen controlled by descendants of Fujiwara no Hidesato, including the Sengoku-period daimyō, the Hatano clan. During the Edo period, it was nominally part of Odawara Domain, although large portions were tenryō territory controlled by the shōgun in Edo through various hatamoto.
After the Meiji Restoration and with the establishment of the district system in 1878, the area came under the control of Ōsumi District (大住郡 Ōsumi-gun) and became Hadano town on April 1, 1889. On March 26, 1896, Ōsumi District and Yurugi District were merged to form Naka District. The town began to experience rapid growth after the opening of the Odakyu Electric Railway in 1927. Hadano became a city on January 1, 1955, through the merger of former towns of Hadano and Minamihadano with the villages of Kitahadano and Higashihadano. The new city annexed neighboring the village of One, and the village of Kamihadano (from Ashigarakami District) later the same year, and annexed the town of Nishihadano in 1964.
Hadano was a regional commercial center during the Edo period following the introduction of tobacco cultivation to the area. The curtains closed on the industry's 300-year history in 1984, and the local farmers have largely converted to production of green tea and ornamental flowers. A former tobacco-trading center and processing plant belonging to Japan Tobacco and Salt Public Corporation (now Japan Tobacco) has been replaced by a large shopping mall.
- Odakyu Electric Railway – Odakyū Odawara Line
Notable people from HadanoEdit
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