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Numazu (沼津市, Numazu-shi) is a city located in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2019, the city had an estimated population of 194,937 in 91,986 households [1], and a population density of 1000 persons per km². The total area of the city is 186.96 square kilometres (72.19 sq mi).

Numazu

沼津市
Numazu city centre and Mount Fuji
Numazu city centre and Mount Fuji
Flag of Numazu
Flag
Official seal of Numazu
Seal
Location of Numazu in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Numazu in Shizuoka Prefecture
Numazu is located in Japan
Numazu
Numazu
 
Coordinates: 35°05′44.1″N 138°51′48.4″E / 35.095583°N 138.863444°E / 35.095583; 138.863444Coordinates: 35°05′44.1″N 138°51′48.4″E / 35.095583°N 138.863444°E / 35.095583; 138.863444
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureShizuoka
Government
 • MayorShuichi Yorishige (頼重秀一) <from May 2018>
Area
 • Total186.96 km2 (72.19 sq mi)
Population
 (August 2019)
 • Total194,937
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreePine
- FlowerCrinum asiaticum
- BirdCommon gull
Phone number055-931-2500
Address16-1 Miyukichō, Numazu-shi, Shizuoka-ken 410-8601
WebsiteOfficial website

GeographyEdit

Numazu is at the northwestern end of the Izu Peninsula, which is a leisure destination known for its numerous hot springs. Mount Fuji, Japan's tallest mountain, may also be seen from Numazu on clear days. Numazu is located 130 kilometres (81 mi) west of Tokyo and is on the Tōkaidō Main Line, the main railway line from Osaka to Tokyo. Warmed by the Kuroshio Current, the area enjoys a warm maritime climate with hot, humid summers and mild, cool winters. The Kano River runs through the middle of the city. Mount Ashitaka (1188 meters) is the highest point in the city

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Shizuoka Prefecture

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Numazu has been in slow decline over the past 30 years.

YearPop.±%
1960 163,581—    
1970 194,274+18.8%
1980 208,708+7.4%
1990 216,213+3.6%
2000 211,559−2.2%
2010 202,283−4.4%

ClimateEdit

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Numazu is 15.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1938 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.8 °C, and lowest in January, at around 5.9 °C.[3]

HistoryEdit

Numazu is an ancient settlement, mentioned in Nara period records as the original provincial capital of Suruga Province before the separation of Izu Province from Suruga in 680 AD, and subsequent transfer of the provincial capital to the banks of the Abe River in what is now Shizuoka city. During the early part of the Tokugawa shogunate, Numazu was ruled as part of Odawara Domain, but with the construction of Numazu Castle in 1777, it became the separate Numazu Domain. Numazu prospered in the Edo period as a from its location on the Tōkaidō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto, with Numazu-juku and Hara-juku as two of the 53 post stations.

After the Meiji Restoration, Numazu Station was opened on the Tōkaidō Main Line on February 1, 1889. With the establishment of the modern municipalities system of the early Meiji period in 1889, the area was reorganized into Numazu Town within Suntō District, Shizuoka From its seaside location, Numazu gained a reputation as a health resort, which was further enhanced by its selection as the location of an imperial villa built for Emperor Meiji in 1893. The area become popular with other members of the nobility, statesmen (including Inoue Kaoru) and writers. Numazu town expanded in 1923 by merger with Yanagihara village, becoming Numazu City on July 1, 1923.

Central Numazu was destroyed by a fire in 1926. In 1944, the city further expanded through merger with neighboring Katahama, Kanaoka, Ooka and Shizuura villages. The city was a target for American air raids in World War II, and was largely destroyed by bombing on July 17, 1945.

In 1955, the villages of Ashitaka, Oohira, Uchiura, and Nishiura merged with Numazu, and in 1968 Hara Town also merged with Numazu. In the year 2000, Numazu was designated a Special City (特例市, Tokurei-shi) by the central government with increased local autonomy. In April 2005, the village of Heda (from Tagata District) was merged into Numazu. In 2007, Numazu hosted the 29th WorldSkills International Championship.

GovernmentEdit

Numazu has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 28 members.

EconomyEdit

Numazu is an industrial city and regional financial center, and its port is a major center of Shizuoka prefecture's commercial fishing industry. Numazu produces more dried Japanese horse mackerel than any other region in Japan. The city accounts for about half of Japan's total production. Agriculture is dominated by production of mandarin oranges and green tea, with Brussels sprouts, dairy products and rice as secondary products. Numazu is the location of the head office of Suruga Bank, Shizuoka Chuo Bank and Numazu Shinkin Bank.

EducationEdit

Numazu has 24 public elementary schools, 17 public middle schools one public combined middle/high school operated by the city government. The city has four public high schools operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education. There are also one private elementary school, one private combined middle/high school and five private high schools. The prefecture also operates three special education schools in Numazu for the handicapped.

TransportationEdit

Local attractionsEdit

 
View from Mount Kinkan

Numazu is a gateway to Mount Fuji, Hakone, and Izu Peninsula, which are major tourist attractions. The harbour area has seafood restaurants and features an anti-tsunami barrier with an observation floor on top that offers a panoramic view of the city and the surrounding area. There is a shopping street close to the main train station.

Numazu has the longest coastline of any municipality in the prefecture. The Senbonhama ("Thousand Tree Beach") seaside is considered one of the best places to view Osezaki, Nihondaira, or the southern Japan Alps against the background of Sembonmatsubara and Mount Fuji. Three aquariums are located in Numazu: Mito Sea Paradise, Awashima Marine Park and Numazu Deepblue Aquarium.

Numazu city from Mount Kanuki

National Historic SitesEdit

Sister city relationsEdit

Notable people from NumazuEdit

Popular mediaEdit

Numazu has recently gained prominence as a city featured in the anime 'Love Live! Sunshine!!'. As such, many tourists come to Numazu purely for the anime.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ NUmazu City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Numazu population statistics
  3. ^ Numazu climate data
  4. ^ "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  5. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External linksEdit