Habkirchen is the smallest village (Ortsteil) in the municipality of Mandelbachtal in Saarland, Federal Republic of Germany.

Habkirchen
View of Habkirchen from the southeast
View of Habkirchen from the southeast
Coat of arms of Habkirchen
Location of Habkirchen
Habkirchen is located in Germany
Habkirchen
Habkirchen
Habkirchen is located in Saarland
Habkirchen
Habkirchen
Coordinates: 49°13′N 7°13′E / 49.217°N 7.217°E / 49.217; 7.217Coordinates: 49°13′N 7°13′E / 49.217°N 7.217°E / 49.217; 7.217
CountryGermany
StateSaarland
DistrictSaarpfalz
MunicipalityMandelbachtal
Elevation
212 m (696 ft)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
66399
Dialling codes06804

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Habkirchen is located in the southern Blies valley, in the Saarpfalz-Kreis. where the Mandelbach flows into the Blies. The district is strongly hilly and agricultural in character.

ClimateEdit

The climate is influenced by the Atlantic. The average annual precipitation is 786 millimetres (30.9 in), the rainiest time is in the spring months. The average annual temperature is 9 °C (48 °F). The long-term mean temperature medium does not drop below 0 °C (32 °F), even in January. The prevailing wind direction is west/southwest. The bioclimate is mild to gentle.

Habkirchen is primarily a residential and commuter community. Most professionals work as commuters in the Saarbrücken area.

HistoryEdit

Already in the early Middle Ages, in 819 AD, Habkirchen is mentioned as a local center, with a church, royal estate, and residence of a count. Mandelbach, at the confluence of the Mandelbach in the Blies, first mentioned in 1239, belonged ecclesiastically to the parish of Habkirchen. The district was incorporated in 1791 as "Habkirchen". In 1525 Habkirchen was also the scene of disputes during the peasant uprising, in which the "Billen Nikel" was particularly prominent. After the Thirty Years' War in 1651 only two inhabitants remained in Habkirchen, and only three in Mandelbach. In 1688 Habkirchen, Mandelbach, Blies-Ébersing with the Wiesingerhof, Folpersviller, and Frauenberg were included in the parish of Habkirchen.

Until the French Revolution Habkirchen belonged to the Blieskastel administrative district of the Electorate of Trier. In the 19th century Habkirchen experienced a great boom. Industrialization changed the living conditions, and the majority of the inhabitants now worked in the porcelain factory of Saargemünd and the Halberg foundry in Brebach. The Franco-Prussian War had no drastic effects, but in the First World War 29 local people were killed. As in other towns of the district the Second World War also brought heavy losses. Twice the population had to evacuate during the clearance of the "red zone", a 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)-wide area surrounding the Siegfried Line. In September 1939, during the French Saar Offensive, the ancient Saint Anne's Chapel (Annakapelle) was destroyed and not rebuilt until 1947. In the winter of 1944–45, the area was the scene of heavy fighting, changing hands twice between the Americans and the Germans. In the end, no building remained without damage.

On January 1, 1974, Habkirchen was incorporated into the newly formed community of Mandelbachtal.

ReferencesEdit