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Gwangju[a] (Korean pronunciation: [kwaŋ.dʑu]) is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea, a suburb southeast of Seoul. The city is not to be confused with the much larger Gwangju Metropolitan City, former capital of South Jeolla Province, South Korea.

Gwangju

광주시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja[1]
 • Revised RomanizationGwangju-si
 • McCune-ReischauerKwangju-si
Namhan Moutain Castle 036.jpg
Official logo of Gwangju
Emblem of Gwangju
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country South Korea
RegionSudogwon
Administrative divisions3 eup, 3 dong, 4 myeon
Area
 • Total430.99 km2 (166.41 sq mi)
Population
 (December 2013)
 • Total286,699
 • Density665.2/km2 (1,723/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Seoul

Contents

HistoryEdit

Bunwon-ri in Gwangju took an important role of ceramic production during the Kingdom of Joseon. There had official kilns and produced superb quality of white porcelains for use at the royal court and to export to China.[3]

In 1962, 4 myuns(towns) including 5 ris(townships) were incorporated to Seoul.[4]

In 1973, 6 of ris were separated and these came to parts of Seongnam city. In 1979, gwangju myun promoted eup. In fact, Gwangju was a county but became a city in 2001.[5]

FestivalEdit

Gwangju Toechon Tomato Festival - Gwangju City, Gyeonggi Province has been holding a festival since 2003 to promote the city's pollution-free tomatoes and sell them to consumers. [1]

Notable peopleEdit

International relationsEdit

Sister citiesEdit

Friendship citiesEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In the 19th century, Gwangju was sometimes spelled Koang-tsiou.[2]

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ 광주역사-연혁. Archived from the original on 2014-07-18.
  2. ^ EB (1878), p. 390.
  3. ^ John Onians (2004). Atlas of World Art. Laurence King Publishing. p. 205p. ISBN 978-1-85669-377-6. Government-sponsored kilns at punwon-ri, near Seoul, produced an exquisite and distinctive Joseon white porcelain for use at court and for export to China. Its undecorated cream-colored surfaces, and austere elegant shapes were thought to reflect a purity of mind and moral character appropriate for Neo-Confucian patrons.
  4. ^ Law concerning Seoul metropolitan city, provinces, counties, districts and counties(1962. 11. 21.)
  5. ^ Establishment of new cities including Hwasung.(2000. 12. 20.)

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 37°22′N 127°17′E / 37.367°N 127.283°E / 37.367; 127.283