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Gustave Louis Jaulmes (14 April 1873 – 7 January 1959) was an eclectic French artist who followed the neoclassical trend in the Art Deco movement. He created monumental frescoes, paintings, posters, illustrations, cartoons for tapestries and carpets and decorations for objects such as enamels, sets of plates and furniture.[1]

Gustave Louis Jaulmes
Born (1873-04-14)14 April 1873
Lausanne, Switzerland
Died 7 January 1959(1959-01-07) (aged 85)
Paris, France
Nationality French
Occupation Artist
Known for Art Deco

Contents

LifeEdit

Early yearsEdit

Gustave Louis Jaulmes was born in Lausanne, Switzerland on 14 April 1873.[2] He attended the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris.[3] Jaulmes initially trained as an architect, and worked with Victor Laloux at the Gare d'Orsay before taking up painting.[4] In 1902 he abandoned architecture, and after a few months in the studio of Jean-Paul Laurens at the Académie Julian he decided to become a decorative painter.[5][6][7]

Pre-war periodEdit

Jaulmes saw his work as a complement and extension of buildings, and made professional and personal links with architects such as Louis Süe.[7] He became known for his monumental frescos and paintings, and for his posters and sets of decorative objects. He worked with Adrien Karbowsky on frescos for the Villa Kerylos and the Palais de Chaillot in 1902–08.[4] They painted the walls of the villa with scenes from Greek mythology chosen by the scholar Théodore Reinach, often copied from Attic pottery.[8] In 1909 Jaulmes and Karbowsky decorated the fashionable Royal-Hôtel in Évian-les-Bains.[4] In 1912 Jaulmes joined other artists to create L'Atalier Français, a cooperative business that borrowed organizational idea from the Wiener Werkstätte. Other members included Louis Süe, Roger de La Fresnaye, André Groult, André Mare and the brothers André and Paul Vera. André Vera wrote a manifesto that defined the goal of the group as combining traditional and modern ideas to bring clarity, order and aesthetic unity to interior design.[9]

Post-warEdit

In 1919 Jaulmes helped decorate the Victory Celebrations that followed World War I (1914–18).[7] Louis Süe, André Mare, Jaulmes and Antoine Sartorio were commissioned to create the temporary cenotaph of the Arc de Triomphe.[10] That year Süe and the painter André Mare launched the Compagnie des Arts Français, the successor to the L'Atalier Français. Jaulmes was among the artists who contributed textile designs to the company.[11] Others were Marianne Clouzot, Jacques Drésa (André Saglio), Marguérite Dubuisson, Charles Martin, Maurice Taquoy and Paul Vera.[12] Through the company he received many public and private commissions for hotels, casinos, town halls and exhibition rooms. He contributed decorations to the 1921 International Exposition in Ghent, and to the International Expositions in Paris in 1925, 1931 and 1937.[7] He decorated the Musée Rodin and the SS Île de France.[4]

For the Town Hall of the fifth arrondissement in Paris in the La salle des Fêtes Jaulmes made the stage curtain with an allegory of "Letters, Sciences and Law", that represents young women and children adorning a garden with garlands. He also decorated the ceiling of the room with geometric motifs of festivals and garlands.[13] He painted a fresco of Le théâtre antique for the monumental Art Deco Théâtre national de Chaillot, built in 1937.[14] In 1939 he decorated the ceiling of the Salle des Mariages in the Neuilly-sur-Seine town hall.[15] In 1940 he created large murals for the Salle des Pas Perdus in the Centre William Rappard in Geneva, then the headquarters of the International Labour Organization, depicting Dans la joie universelle, Le travail dans l'abondance and Le bienfait des loisirs.[16]

Gustave Louis Jaulmes died in Paris on 7 January 1959.[2]

WorksEdit

DecoratorEdit

PaintingsEdit

IllustrationsEdit

NotesEdit

SourcesEdit