Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib

Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib is a Sikh gurdwara or place of worship in the city of Fatehgarh Sahib in the Indian state of Punjab. The gurdwara marks the 1710 conquest of the city by the Sikhs under the leadership of Banda Bahadur.[1] Sikhs captured the area and razed the fort built by Ferozshah Tughlaq to the ground.[2]

Backview of the entrance gateway to the Fatehgarh Sahib Gurdwaras complex, Punjab

HistoryEdit

 
Bhora Sahib, the sanctum remembering the spot where two sons of Guru Gobind Singh were buried alive. The wall is visible to the side of the golden dome.

To commemorate the martyrdom of younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh, who were bricked-up alive in 1705 by Wazir Khan, the Governor or Fauzdar of Sirhind, a magnificent gurdwara was constructed.

It is the location where two youngest sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji – 7 year old Fateh Singh and 9 year old Zorawar Singh – were betrayed by their cook and servant Gangu to the Mughal army, seized, asked to convert to Islam and when they refused they were buried alive under the orders of Wazir Khan.[3][4] Their martyrdom on 9 December 1705 has been remembered by the Sikhs by naming the site as Fatehgarh after the youngest boy killed, and by building a large Gurdwara in 1843.[3] The town is also the location where the Sikhs took revenge by capturing it from Wazir Khan in 1710 and killing him.[3][5] However, the Sikh militia was defeated again few years later and the town remained in the control of Muslim rulers, including later an appointee of Ahmed Shah Durrani till 1764, when Khalsa recaptured it by defeating and killing the appointee Zain Khan.[3][5]

Other major Sikh Gurdwaras in the Complex:

  • Bhora Sahib: the underground location within Fatehgarh Sahib Gurdwara where the two sons were buried alive. This monument was built by Karam Singh of Patiala in early 19th-century.
  • Gurdwara Jyoti Sarup lies about 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) southeast from Fatehgarh Sahib on the Sirhind-Chandigarh road. At this place, Mata Gujri – the mother of Guru Gobind Singh, and her two youngest grandchildren, Fateh Singh and Zorawar Singh were cremated.[3][5][4]
  • Gurdwara Bimangarh is close to the Fatehgarh Sahib Gurdwara. It is a location where the dead bodies of the two children and their grandmother was kept for the night before the cremation.[3]
  • Banda Bahadur platform is believed in the Sikh tradition as the place where 6,000 Sikhs died fighting the Muslim army in the Battle of Chapparchiri.[5]

Main Gurudwara ComplexEdit

 
Sarovar (sacred pool) at Fatehgarh Sahib Gurdwara, Punjab, India.

A number of gurdwaras are also located in the main complex of Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib.

Gurudwara Bhora SahibEdit

The historical wall where the younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh were bricked-up alive has been preserved in this gurdwara. The sanctuary containing the historic wall known as Gurudwara Bhora Sahib.

Gurudwara Burj Mata GujriEdit

At this site Baba Zorawar Singh ji and Baba Fateh Singh ji, the two younger sons of tenth guru of sikhs Guru Gobind Singh and his mother were kept in confinement by Wazir Khan. The fort was known as Thanda Burj, and was considered a cool place during the summer. However, it was a punishment for Guru's sons and his mother to be kept here in extreme winter. It was at this place that Mata Gujri collapsed on hearing the news of the martyrdom of her grandsons. Later on, Gurdwara Mata Gujri was constructed here.

Gurudwara Shahid GanjEdit

The Gurudwara Shahid Ganj was built to commemorate the memory of the brave Sikhs who were killed while fighting with Mughal forces under the banner of Banda Bahadur. They were cremated here.

Todar Mal Jain HallEdit

A very big hall in memory of Seth Todar Mal who purchased land by paying gold coins for the cremation of the said martyrs lies behind the main gurdwara.

SarovarEdit

A large sacred pool or sarovar is also located in the Complex.

Shaheedi Jor MelaEdit

An historic Shaheedi Jor Mela is held here in the month of December every year[6] when large number of pilgrims visit.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.tribuneindia.com/2009/20090118/cth2.htm
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gurmukh Singh (2009), Fatehgarh Sahib, Encyclopedia of Sikhism, Editor in Chief: Harbans Singh, Punjab University
  4. ^ a b Bonnie G. Smith (2008). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History. Oxford University Press. pp. 410–411. ISBN 978-0-19-514890-9.
  5. ^ a b c d H. S. Singha (2000). The Encyclopedia of Sikhism (over 1000 Entries). Hemkunt Press. pp. 186–187. ISBN 978-81-7010-301-1.
  6. ^ http://fatehgarhsahib.nic.in/jorh_mela.htm

External linksEdit