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Guo Zongxun (郭宗訓) (14 September 953[2] – 973), also known by his posthumous name Gongdi (恭帝; "Emperor Gong"), was the third and last emperor of ancient China's short-lived Later Zhou during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. He reigned from July 959, when he succeeded his father Chai Rong, until February 960, when he was overthrown by general Zhao Kuangyin, who founded the Song Dynasty.

Guo Zongxun
Emperor Gong of (Later) Zhou (more...)
3rd and last Emperor of Later Zhou
Reign28 July 959 – 3 February 960[1]
PredecessorGuo Rong (Emperor Shizong), father
RegentEmpress Dowager Fu, stepmother
Born14 September 953
Chanzhou, Later Zhou[2] (today's Qingfeng County, Henan)
Died973(aged 20)
Full name
Surname: Guō () or Chái ()
Given name: Zōngxùn ()
Era dates
Xiǎndé (), continued from Emperor Taizu and Emperor Shizong
Year 6: 11 February 959 – 30 January 960
Year 7: 31 January 960 – 19 January 961
Posthumous name
Emperor Gong (恭帝)
FatherChai Rong (Emperor Shizong)
Guo Zongxun
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Gongdi was sent away with his mother to Xijing (西京). Despite assurance by Emperor Taizu that the Chai family would be treated with respect, Gongdi was killed in 973 by Xin Wenyue, an official trying to gain favour with the emperor. Upon hearing the news, Emperor Taizu ordered a period of mourning and buried the dethroned emperor next to Emperor Shizong's tomb.

Notes and referencesEdit


  • Mote, F.W. (1999). Imperial China: 900–1800. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-44515-5.
  • ‹See Tfd›(in Chinese) Xue Juzheng; et al., eds. (974). Wudai Shi (五代史) [History of the Five Dynasties].
  • ‹See Tfd›(in Chinese) Ouyang Xiu (1073). Wudai Shiji (五代史記) [Historical Records of the Five Dynasties].
  • ‹See Tfd›(in Chinese) Sima Guang (1086). Zizhi Tongjian (資治通鑑) [Comprehensive Mirror for Aid in Government].
Guo Zongxun
House of Chai (954–960)
Born: 953 Died: 973
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Shizong of Later Zhou
Emperor of the Later Zhou
Succeeded by
Emperor Taizu (Song Dynasty)