Gudur is a town in Tirupati district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Gudur mandal and Gudur revenue division.[3][4]

Gudur
Gudur is located in Andhra Pradesh
Gudur
Gudur
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 14°08′50″N 79°50′52″E / 14.14733°N 79.84771°E / 14.14733; 79.84771Coordinates: 14°08′50″N 79°50′52″E / 14.14733°N 79.84771°E / 14.14733; 79.84771
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
DistrictTirupati
Revenue divisionGudur
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyGudur municipality
Area
 • Total57.48 km2 (22.19 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total74,037
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
524 101
Telephone code+91–8624
Vehicle registrationAP–39
Sex ratio1:1(approx) /
WebsiteGudur Municipality

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 census of India, the town had a population of 73,350. The total population constitute, 36,078 males, 37,272 females and 7,095 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 71.07% with 52,134 literates.[5]

GeographyEdit

Climate

The climate here is tropical. The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. This location is classified as Aw by Köppen and Geiger. In Gudur, the average annual temperature is 29.2 °C. About 1025 mm of precipitation falls annually.[6]

GovernanceEdit

Civic administration

The municipality was established in the year 1954. Its jurisdictional area covers 9.14 km2 (3.53 sq mi).[1] The urban agglomeration of the town consists of Gudur municipality and its out growths. The out growths include Guduru (east), Guduru (west), Chennuru–II, Nellatur, Chillakur.[7]

Politics

Gudur is a part of Gudur (SC) (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Present MLA name is Varaprasad Rao Velagapalli from YSRCP.

TransportEdit

 
Gudur Junction railway station

National Highway 16 passes through the town, which connects Kolkata and Chennai. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Gudur bus station.[8] Gudur Junction is a major railway junction, which connects Howrah-Chennai main line and Renigunta branch line. It is classified as an A–category station and recognised as an Adarsh station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[9]

EducationEdit

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[10][11] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are Telugu, Urdu, Hindi and English.

BusinessEdit

Gudur Lemon MarketEdit

Lemon business is the most unbeaten business in Gudur. Gudur's lemon market is one of the largest lemon markets in Andhra Pradesh. The lemon market is located at Gudur town on the way of Chennur. Gudur and the surrounding villages' farmers mostly prefer to farm lemon trees. They export lemons around the country and also to other countries. Usually lemon is sold in two prominent methods in Gudur, i.e. Pieces and Bundles (contains more than 1000 lb). Pricing is based on the season and demand and varies every day.

MicaEdit

Mica mining is a prominent business in Gudur.

Mica Belts around Gudur is considered as second largest in India. Mica belts covering nearly 1000 km2 around Gudur. The following are the types of Mica found in Gudur i.e. Quartz, Feldspar, Muscovite and Vermiculite.

One of the first firms to start mica trading at a large scale was Laxmi Mica Industries - Gudur under the leadership of Late Sri Lal Khatuwala.[12][13] The largest deposit of Mica in India was at Koderma, Jharkhand and second largest is at Gudur. At a time when there was 19 mica mines, Laxmi Mica Industries was having contract to outright purchase all the stocks from 18 mines. The two firms Birdhichand Bansidhar and Laxmi Mica Industries are the top mica exporters of India.

Some of the other mica firms were: Micamin Exports - Gudur Premier Mica Company - Gudur Microfine Mica Company - Gudur Micafab - Gudur Krishna Mica Company - Gudur Yashoda Krishna Mica Mining Co. - Gudur Venkatagiri Raja Mining Co. - Gudur KHR Mica company - Gudur

AquacultureEdit

Aquaculture is also one of the successful business in Gudur, There are many Prawn Ponds are located around Gudur. Usually two main types of prawn forms being done, those are Scampi and Tiger Prawns, water and weather in this area are suitable to mainly these two types. Prawn exports around India and also some other countries from Gudur.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Basic Information of Municipality". Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Census 2011".
  3. ^ "Revenue Setup". Official website of Sri Potti Sri Ramulu Nellore District. National Informatics Centre. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  4. ^ "Guntur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 234. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  5. ^ "2011 Census of India".
  6. ^ "Climate: Gudur – Temperature, Climate graph, Climate table – Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  7. ^ "List of Urban Agglomerations and their Constituent Units – 2011" (PDF). Census of India. p. 24. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  8. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  9. ^ "Vijayawada Division – a profile" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  10. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  11. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  12. ^ "Home". Khatuwala Group. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  13. ^ ""Laxmi Minerals Corporation" was established in the year 1988". laxmica.co.in. Retrieved 15 July 2021.