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Gryazovets (Russian: Гря́зовец) is a town and the administrative center of Gryazovetsky District in Vologda Oblast, Russia, located on the Rzhavka River, 47 kilometers (29 mi) south of Vologda, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 15,528 (2010 Census);[4] 16,172 (2002 Census);[9] 16,424 (1989 Census).[10]

Gryazovets

Грязовец
Aerial photo, Gryazovets
Aerial photo, Gryazovets
Coat of arms of Gryazovets
Coat of arms
Location of Gryazovets
Gryazovets is located in Russia
Gryazovets
Gryazovets
Location of Gryazovets
Gryazovets is located in Vologda Oblast
Gryazovets
Gryazovets
Gryazovets (Vologda Oblast)
Coordinates: 58°53′N 40°15′E / 58.883°N 40.250°E / 58.883; 40.250Coordinates: 58°53′N 40°15′E / 58.883°N 40.250°E / 58.883; 40.250
CountryRussia
Federal subjectVologda Oblast[1]
Administrative districtGryazovetsky District[1]
Town of district significanceGryazovets[2]
First mentioned1538[3]
Town status sinceJanuary 25, 1780[3]
Elevation
185 m (607 ft)
Population
 • Total15,528
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
14,800 (-4.7%)
 • Capital ofGryazovetsky District[1], town of district significance of Gryazovets[2]
 • Municipal districtGryazovetsky Municipal District[6]
 • Urban settlementGryazovetskoye Urban Settlement[6]
 • Capital ofGryazovetsky Municipal District[6], Gryazovetskoye Urban Settlement[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
162000Edit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID19624101001

HistoryEdit

The first mention of Gryazovets dates back to 1538, when it was described as a settlement dependent on the Korniliyevo-Komelsky Monastery.[3] The settlement was chartered on January 25, 1780, when it became the seat of Gryazovetsky Uyezd of Vologda Viceroyalty.[3] The viceroyalty was abolished in 1796 and its part which included Gryazovetsky Uyezd became Vologda Governorate.[11][12]

Throughout the 19th century, the population of Gryazovets varied between two and three thousand, most of whom were employed in agriculture.[13] The most common industry was dyeing.[13] In 1872, the railway connecting Yaroslavl and Vologda was built, and a railway station was open in Gryazovets, facilitating the development of the trade.[13]

On August 7, 1924, Gryazovetsky Uyezd was abolished and the territory was included into Vologodsky Uyezd.[14] On July 15, 1929, several governorates, including Vologda Governorate, were merged into Northern Krai, the uyezds were abolished, and Gryazovets became the administrative center of the newly established Gryazovetsky District.[14]

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Gryazovets serves as the administrative center of Gryazovetsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Gryazovetsky District as the town of district significance of Gryazovets.[2]

As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Gryazovets, together with the village of Pirogovo in Pertsevsky Selsoviet and the village of Svistunovo in Rostilovsky Selsoviet of Gryazovetsky District, is incorporated within Gryazovetsky Municipal District as Gryazovetskoye Urban Settlement.[6]

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

Gryazovets hosts timber industry and food industry enterprises.

TransportationEdit

One of the principal highways in Russia, M8, which connects Moscow and Arkhangelsk, passes near Gryazovets. There are also local roads, with the bus traffic originating from Gryazovets.

In Gryazovets, there is a railway station on the railroad connecting Yaroslavl and Vologda.

Gryazovets has a gas-pumping station. Here, the Gryazovets–Vyborg gas pipeline branches off the main Northern Lights pipeline in the western direction.[13]

Culture and recreationEdit

Gryazovets contains fifty objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local importance. Additionally, the building of a high school is protected as a historical monument of federal significance.[15] The center of the town of Gryazovets mainly preserved the historical buildings from the 19th century. Close to Gryazovets there are ruins of the Korniliyevo-Komelsky Monastery which was abolished in 1924.

 
Ruins of the Korniliyevo-Komelsky Monastery

The only museum in Gryazovets is the Gryazovets District Museum.[16]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Resolution #178
  2. ^ a b c Law #371-OZ
  3. ^ a b c d Н. В. Солдатова (2006). Г. В. Судаков (ed.). Вологодская энциклопедия (PDF) (in Russian). Вологда: ВГПУ, Русь. p. 192. ISBN 5-87822-305-8. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e Law #1114-OD
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ "Административно-территориальное деление Архангельской губернии в XVIII-XX вв" (in Russian). Архивы России. 2000. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  12. ^ Государственное управление в 18–19 веках (in Russian). Правительство Вологодской области. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  13. ^ a b c d Этапы исторического развития (in Russian). Администрация Грязовецкого Муниципального Района. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  14. ^ a b Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917–1991) (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  15. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  16. ^ Краеведческий музей г. Грязовца (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved November 21, 2013.

SourcesEdit

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1114-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Грязовецкого муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №3001-ОЗ от 7 марта 2013 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований Грязовецкого муниципального района Вологодской области и о внесении изменений в Закон области "Об установлении границ Грязовецкого муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1114-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Gryazovetsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #3001-OZ of March 7, 2013 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations of Gryazovetsky Municipal District of Vologda Oblast and on Amending the Oblast Law "On Establishing the Borders of Gryazovetsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).