Vologda Viceroyalty

Coordinates: 59°12′54″N 39°52′37″E / 59.215°N 39.877°E / 59.215; 39.877

Vologda Viceroyalty (Russian: Волого́дское наме́стничество) was an administrative division (a namestnichestvo) of the Russian Empire, which existed in 1780–1796. The seat of the Viceroyalty was located in Vologda.

Vologda Viceroyalty
Волого́дское наме́стничество
Viceroyalty of Russian Empire
1780–1796
Map of Vologda Namestnichestvo 1792 (small atlas).jpg
Map of the governorate in 1792
CapitalVologda
History 
• Established
February 5 [O.S. January 25] 1780
• Disestablished
December 23 [O.S. December 12] 1796

The viceroyalty was established by a decree (ukase) of Catherine II on February 5 [O.S. January 25], 1780.[1] It was subdivided into three oblasts: Vologda, Veliky Ustyug, and Arkhangelsk.[1] The predecessor of Vologda Viceroyalty was Archangelgorod Governorate with the seat in Arkhangelsk.

As with most of other governorates and viceroyalties established in the 1770s–1780s, the establishment of Vologda Viceroyalty was a part of the reform attempting to have a tighter control of local matters by the Russian autocracy.[1] The reform, in turn, was facilitated by the Pugachev's Rebellion of 1774–1775.[1]

On March 26, 1784 Arkhangelsk Oblast was split off and established as Arkhangelsk Viceroyalty.[2]

Between 1784 and 1796, Vologda Viceroyalty bordered Arkhangelsk Viceroyalty in the north, Tobolsk Viceroyalty in the northeast, Perm Viceroyalty in the east, Vyatka Viceroyalty in the southeast, Kostroma and Yaroslavl Viceroyalties in the south, Novgorod Viceroyalty in the southwest, and Olonets Viceroyalty in the west. In terms of the modern political division of Russia, Vologda Viceroyalty in this period comprised the areas of what is currently the greater part of Vologda Oblast, as well as parts of the Komi Republic, Kostroma, Kirov, and Nizhny Novgorod Oblasts.

The viceroyalty was abolished by Paul I's decree on December 23 [O.S. December 12], 1796. On the territory of the viceroyalty (Vologda and Veliky Ustyug Oblasts) Vologda Governorate was established.

GovernorsEdit

The administration of the viceroyalty was performed by a namestnik (vice-roy) and controlled by a governor general.[3] The governors of Vologda Viceroyalty were[4]

  • 1780-1788 Alexey Petrovich Melgunov;
  • 1788-1793 Evgeniy Petrovich Kashkin;
  • 1794-1796 Pyotr Vasilyevich Lopukhin.

The namestniks were[4]

  • 1780-1784 Grigoriy Dmitriyevich Makarov;
  • 1784-1792 Pyotr Fyodorovich Mezentsov;
  • 1793-1796 Nikolay Dmitriyevich Shetnev.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север". p. 20–22.
  2. ^ "Административно-территориальное деление Архангельской губернии в XVIII-XX вв" (in Russian). Архивы России. 2000. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
  3. ^ Коновалов, Ф. Я. (2006). Г. В. Судаков (ed.). Вологодская энциклопедия (PDF) (in Russian). Вологда: ВГПУ, Русь. p. 144. ISBN 5-87822-305-8. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
  4. ^ a b Государственное управление в 18–19 веках (in Russian). Правительство Вологодской области. Retrieved 15 December 2011.