Grenada National Party

The Grenada National Party (GNP) was a conservative political party in Grenada that existed from 1955 to 1984, when it merged into the New National Party. It alternated in power with the Grenada United Labour Party (GULP).[1]

HistoryEdit

The party was founded in 1955 and took its support from the urban middle class and landowners.[2] It first contested national elections in 1957 when it won two of the eight seats, tied with the GULP and the People's Democratic Movement. Its leader Herbert Blaize became the island's leader as part of an anti-GULP coalition. Although GULP convincingly won the next elections in 1961, taking eight of the ten seats, early elections were held in 1962, in which the GNP won six of the 10 seats to return to power. It returned to opposition following the 1967 elections. For the 1976 elections it was part of the People's Alliance alongside the New Jewel Movement and the United People's Party. However, they failed to defeat GULP.[3]

In 1984 it merged with the National Democratic Party and the Grenada Democratic Movement to form the New National Party, with Blaize as its leader.

Electoral historyEdit

House of Representatives electionsEdit

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
1957 Herbert Blaize 6,012 24.3%%
2 / 8
  2   2nd GNP-Ind coalition government
1961 7,325 33.7%
2 / 10
    2nd Opposition
1962 11,341 53.7%
6 / 10
  4   1st Majority government
1967 13,172 45.4%
3 / 10
  3   2nd Opposition
1972 14,125 41.1%
2 / 15
  1   2nd Opposition
1976 18,886 46.3%

in alliance with NJW and UPP

6 / 15
  4   2nd Opposition

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Grenada: U.S. Invasion, 1983", Encyclopedia of conflicts since World War II, Routledge, 1, p. 659, 1999
  2. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p301 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  3. ^ Nohlen, p312