Greece–North Macedonia relations
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Ever since the former Republic of Macedonia broke away from former Yugoslavia in 1991, Greece refused to recognize its name.
The provisional reference the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) was used in relations with Greece from 1991 to 2019. All United Nations member-states agreed to accept any final agreement resulting from negotiations between the two countries. The dispute did not prevent the two countries from enjoying close trade links and investment levels (especially from Greece), but it generated a great deal of political and academic debate on both sides.
On 13 September 1995 the two countries signed the Interim Accord, whereby Greece recognized the Republic of Macedonia under its provisional reference. Negotiations aimed at resolving the dispute continued intermittently from 1995 to 2018. Under Greek pressure, the European Union and NATO agreed that in order for the Republic of Macedonia to receive an invitation to join these institutions the name dispute needed to be resolved first. This resulted in a case at the International Court of Justice against Greece for violation of the Interim Accord.
In the 2001 insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia, Greece sent peacekeeping forces together with other NATO and European Union members. In addition, Greece donated 10 APC Leonidas-2 to the Republic of Macedonia.
On 12 June 2018, Greece agreed to recognize its neighbor as the Republic of North Macedonia, a move which the Republic of Macedonia welcomed, and on 17 June 2018 the two Prime Ministers (Alexis Tsipras and Zoran Zaev) signed the Prespa agreement ending the naming dispute. The agreement was subject to a national referendum held in the Republic of Macedonia on 30 September 2018, which approved the agreement and renamed the country to "North Macedonia".
In 2019 Delphi Economic Forum, Alexis Tsipras announced also the intension of the two countries to found a Supreme Council of Cooperation.
Prior to 2019, Greece maintened a Liaison Office in Skopje and an Office of Consular, Economic and Commercial Affairs in Bitola. Similarly, North Macedonia maintained a Liaison Office in Athens and an Office for Consular, Economic and Commercial Affairs in Thessaloniki. However, since May 2019, the two countries exchanged notes verbales upgrading their Liaison Offices and the Consular Offices into Embassies and Consulate Generals, as result of the Prespa Agreement.
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- Τσίπρας από Δελφούς: ιδρύεται Ανώτατο Συμβούλιο Συνεργασίας
- "Greece and North Macedonia upgrade their liaison offices to embassies". keeptalkinggreece.com. 31 May 2019. Retrieved 9 July 2019.