Grave (pronunciation (help·info), formerly De Graaf) is a municipality in the Dutch province North Brabant. The municipality had a population of 12,395 in 2017. Grave is a member of the Dutch Association of Fortified Cities.
Grave town centre
Location in North Brabant
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Lex Roolvink (VVD)|
|• Total||28.03 km2 (10.82 sq mi)|
|• Land||27.18 km2 (10.49 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.85 km2 (0.33 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||456/km2 (1,180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The municipality Grave was formed in the Napoleonic era (1810) and coincided with the fortified Grave and immediate surroundings. The history of the town was thus linked to that of the place.
This changed in 1942. Then there was a reclassification place where the municipality Grave was expanded with the previously independent municipalities Velp and Escharen. Moreover, in 1994 the neighboring municipality of Beers was abolished and a part thereof, the parish Gassel, was also added to the municipality Grave.
Grave received city rights in 1233.
Near to Grave lies a bridge, now called John S. Thompsonbrug, built in 1929. It is the northern connection to Gelderland, spanning the river Maas. The bridge was one of the key strategic points in Operation Market Garden; the city was liberated at 17 September 1944, but suffered very little damage. The bridge was named in 2004 after Lieutenant John S. Thompson who commanded the platoon of the 82nd Airborne Division that captured the bridge.
The Hampoort is the old entrance to the city, and it is still largely intact and can be visited.
- Mary of Guelders, born in Grave (c. 1434 – died 1 December 1463), the queen consort of Scotland as the wife of King James II of Scotland, served as regent of Scotland from 1460 to 1463.
- Anna van Egmont, born in Grave (March 1533 – died 24 March 1558), a wealthy Dutch heiress who became the first wife of William the Silent, Prince of Orange and Dutch Father of the Nation.
- Apostolic Vicariate of Grave–Nijmegen, former Catholic pre-diocesan jurisdiction
- "College" [Board] (in Dutch). Gemeente Grave. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 5361CV". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.