Grave (Dutch: [ˈɣraːvə] (listen); formerly De Graaf) is a city and former municipality in the Dutch province of North Brabant. The former municipality had a population of 12,486 in 2021. Grave is a member of the Dutch Association of Fortified Cities.
City and former municipality
|Coordinates: 51°46′N 5°44′E / 51.767°N 5.733°E|
|Municipality||Land van Cuijk|
|• Total||3.24 km2 (1.25 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||2,600/km2 (6,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The former municipality included the following towns : Grave (capital), Velp, Escharen and Gassel.
Grave, Boxmeer, Cuijk, Mill en Sint Hubert, and Sint Anthonis merged into the new municipality of Land van Cuijk on 1 January 2022.
Grave received city rights in 1233.
The former municipality of Grave was formed in the Napoleonic era (1810) and coincided with the fortified Grave and immediate surroundings. The history of the town was thus linked to that of the place.
This changed in 1942. Then there was a reclassification place where the municipality Grave was expanded with the previously independent municipalities Velp and Escharen. Moreover, in 1994 the neighboring municipality of Beers was abolished and a part thereof, the parish Gassel, was also added to the municipality Grave.
Near to Grave lies a bridge, now called John S. Thompsonbrug, built in 1929. It is the northern connection to Gelderland, spanning the river Maas. The bridge was one of the key strategic points in Operation Market Garden; the city was liberated at 17 September 1944, but suffered very little damage. The bridge was named in 2004 after Lieutenant John S. Thompson who commanded the platoon of the 82nd Airborne Division that captured the bridge.
The Hampoort is the old entrance to the city, and it is still largely intact and can be visited.
- Mary of Guelders (c. 1434 in Grave – 1463), the queen consort of Scotland as the wife of King James II of Scotland, served as regent of Scotland from 1460 to 1463
- Adolf, Duke of Guelders (1438 in Grave – 1477) a Duke of Guelders & Count of Zutphen 1465–1471
- Charles II, Duke of Guelders (1467 in Grave – 1538) a member of the House of Egmond who ruled as Duke of Guelders and Count of Zutphen from 1492-1538
- Anna van Egmont (1533 in Grave – 1558) a wealthy Dutch heiress, the first wife of William the Silent, Prince of Orange
- Louise van der Nooth (1630s in Grave – 1654) a maid of honour and favorite of Queen Christina of Sweden
- Johann Weyer (1515 in Grave – 1588) a Dutch physician, occultist and demonologist, disciple and follower of Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa
- Charles de Thierry (1793 in Grave – 1864) an adventurer in New Zealand
- Jan Pieter van Suchtelen (1751 in Grave – 1836) a general in the Russian army during the Russo-Swedish War (1808–1809)
- Johan Stein (1871 in Grave – 1951) a Dutch astronomer and a member of the Society of Jesus
Bridge: John S. Thompsonbrug
Fish ladder and shipyard
- Apostolic Vicariate of Grave–Nijmegen, former Catholic pre-diocesan jurisdiction
- ^ a b c "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 17 April 2022.
- ^ "Postcodetool for 5361CV". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- Media related to Grave, Netherlands at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website