Gradinja

Gradinja (Serbian Cyrillic: Градиња) or Gradihna (Градихна; fl. 1125–46) was the ruler of Duklja, from either 1131 to 1142 or 1135 to 1146. Gradinja is one of many persons (alongside Branislav, Gojislav, Georgije and Grubeša among others) mentioned only in the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja (CPD), not found in Byzantine sources as the other Serbian rulers and royalty.[2] Gradinja was the son of Dukljan prince Branislav, and the brother of Grubeša, the former ruler (r. 1118–25).[3]

Gradinja
"King of Slavs" (titular)
Ruler of Duklja (titular King)
Reign1131–1142 or 1135–1146
PredecessorGeorge
SuccessorRadoslav
Bornca. 1066[1]
Died1142 (1143) or 1146 (1147)
Burial
Monastery of Saints Sergius and Bacchus, Bojana
IssueRadoslav, Jovan, Vladimir
DynastyVojislavljević
FatherBranislav
ReligionEastern Christianity

Around 1125, Gradinja, the rival of Đorđe, married himself in Raška (Grand Principality of Serbia), with the "intent of returning the rule", according to Mavro Orbini.[4] Following the second war with the Byzantines, in which King Đorđe was defeated and imprisoned in the stronghold of Oblik, the Byzantines appointed Gradinja as ruler of Duklja, to rule as a vassal. According to the CPD, Gradinja was gentle, tame, compassionate and a protector of the widows and the poor. The power and territorial extent of Duklja was, in the time of his reign, greatly decreased.[5] His son Radoslav inherited the throne in 1146.

Gradinja was according to Gavro Škrivanić buried in the Church of Saints Sergius and Bacchus in Bojana.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mitološki zbornik. Centar za mitološki studije Srbije. 2008. p. 155.
  2. ^ Vizantološki institut 2006, p. 452
  3. ^ Živković 2008.
  4. ^ Vizantološki institut 2006, p. 458: "Око 1125. године Ђорђев противник Градихна, брат Драгихне и Драгила, оженио се у Рашкој, „у намери да поврати власт", како додатно објашњава Ма- вро Орбин."
  5. ^ Istorijski zapisi: organ Istoriskog instituta i Društva istoričara SR Crne Gore. Istorijski institut u Titogradu. 2007. p. 336.
  6. ^ Gavro A. Škrivanić (1959). Imenik geografskih naziva srednjovekovne Zete. p. 35.

SourcesEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
George I
Ruler of Duklja
(Byzantine vassal)

1131–1142
Succeeded by
Radoslav