Grójec [ˈɡrujɛt͡s] is a town in Poland. Located in the Masovian Voivodeship, about 40 kilometres (25 miles) south of Warsaw. It is the capital of urban-rural gmina Grójec and Grójec County. It has 16,674 inhabitants (2017). Grójec surroundings are considered to be the biggest apple-growing area of Poland. It is said that the region makes up also for the biggest apple orchard of Europe. Statistically, every third apple sold in Poland is grown in Grójec – a unique local microclimate provides for their beautiful red colour.
|• Mayor||Dariusz Gwiazda|
|• Total||8.52 km2 (3.29 sq mi)|
|Elevation||153 m (502 ft)|
|• Density||2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+48 48|
World War IIEdit
In September 1939, during the joint German-Soviet invasion of Poland which started World War II, the town was bombed by the Luftwaffe and afterwards captured by Germany. In November 1940, during the Nazi occupation of Poland, German authorities established a Jewish ghetto in Grójec, in order to confine its Jewish population for the purpose of persecution and exploitation. The ghetto was liquidated in February 1941, when almost all of its inhabitants (5,200–6,000) were transported on trains used for cattle to Warsaw Ghetto, the largest ghetto in all of Nazi occupied Europe with over 400,000 Jews crammed into an area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2). From there, most inmates were sent to Treblinka extermination camp. Only a group of Jewish craftsmen was left in Grójec, however, they were also annihilated in a mass execution in Dębówka, near Góra Kalwaria. German occupation of Grójec ended in January 1945.
Forest Inspectorate ReservesEdit
There are as many as nine nature reserves in the forest inspectorate. Their total area exceeds 1 thousand ha.
Partial forest reserve with an area of 52.50 ha, situated in a large forest complex in the Radziejowice commune. It was created in 1984 in order to preserve and protect one of the most beautiful types of forests in our country - luminous oak wood.
Partial forest reserve established in 1982. Its area is 99,25 ha. It is located in the highest point of the Mazowiecka lowland.
A partial forest reserve of the area of 311.75 ha established in 1984. It includes the major part of the Skuły Wschód range, situated in the Skuły-Wschód forestry unit.
A partial forest reserve of the area of 30,07 ha established in 1996. It covers the north-western part of the Skuły-Western range belonging to the Grójec Forest Inspectorate.
ŁĘGACZ NAD JEZIORKA
The reserve is situated by the Jeziorka River, several hundred metres to the north-west of Głuchów village. Protection covers a fragment of the river valley and a riparian forest growing on its right bank and marshy bottom of the valley. The area of the reserve is 37.31 ha.
LAKES OF OLSZYNA
Nature reserve "Lakes of Olszyny" - established by the order of the Ministry of the Environment of the Republic of Poland (M.O.Ś.Z.N.iL. of 25 January 1995. The forest reserve is located in the southern part of the lake district on the Jeziorkka River. The total area is 5.83 ha, including 4.99 ha of forest.
Forest reserve established in 1959 on the grounds of the village of Mała Wieś in the commune of Belsk Duży. The reserve is located in the Grójec Forest Inspectorate. The aim of protection is preservation of the northernmost site of Polish larch in the Highland. Larches grow here to a height of 40 metres and reach a breast height of even 120 cm.
A landscape reserve of the area of 57.99 ha, established in 1968, located between the villages of Gostomia and Tomczyce to the east of Nowe Miasto. The reserve protects the steep slope of the Pilica valley, cut by several ravines and overgrown by an old pine-oak forest. The slope of the valley, 20 metres high, retains its steepness thanks to the lively side erosion of the river, whose bed runs at the foot of the slope, undercutting it from time to time.
A forest reserve established in 1995 in the commune of Wyśmierzyce. The object of protection is the area of forests, meadows and marshes of natural character, while the aim is to preserve for scientific and didactic reasons the plant complexes with the dominant mountain ash.
Within the territorial range of Grójec Forest Inspectorate there are four areas of protected landscape created along picturesque and extremely valuable in nature river valleys: Landscape Protection Areas "Jeziorka River Valley", Landscape Protection Areas "Pilica and Drzewiczka River Valley", Landscape Protection Areas "Bolimowsko Radziejowicki with the Central Rawka River Valley" and Landscape Protection Areas "Chojnatka River Valley".
Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit
Grójec is twinned with:
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Grójec (mazowieckie) » mapy, nieruchomości, GUS, noclegi, szkoły, atrakcje, kody pocztowe, bezrobocie, wynagrodzenie, zarobki, tabele, edukacja, przedszkola, demografia, zabytki". Polska w liczbach (in Polish). Retrieved 2018-08-17.
- Michał Mackiewicz, "Okolice Grójca." Mazowiecki Urząd Wojewódzki w Warszawie. (in Polish)
- "Getto w Grójcu | Virtual Shtetl". sztetl.org.pl. Retrieved 2018-08-17.
- Warsaw Ghetto, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM), Washington, D.C.
- Richard C. Lukas, Out of the Inferno: Poles Remember the Holocaust, University Press of Kentucky 1989 - 201 pages. Page 13; also in Richard C. Lukas, The Forgotten Holocaust: The Poles Under German Occupation, 1939-1944, University Press of Kentucky, 1986, Google Print, p.13.
- Gunnar S. Paulsson, "The Rescue of Jews by Non-Jews in Nazi-Occupied Poland," Journal of Holocaust Education, Vol.7, Nos.1&2, 1998, pp.19-44. Published by Frank Cass, London.
- Edward Victor, "Ghettos and Other Jewish Communities." Archived 2011-06-08 at the Wayback Machine Judaica Philatelic. Accessed June 20, 2011.