Grójec [ˈɡrujɛt͡s] is a town in Poland. Located in the Masovian Voivodeship, about 40 kilometres (25 miles) south of Warsaw. It is the capital of urban-rural gmina Grójec and Grójec County. It has 16,674 inhabitants (2017).[1] Grójec surroundings are considered to be the biggest apple-growing area of Poland. It is said that the region makes up also for the biggest apple orchard of Europe. Statistically, every third apple sold in Poland is grown in Grójec – a unique local microclimate provides for their beautiful red colour.[2]

Grójec
Historical architecture in the town centre
Historical architecture in the town centre
Coat of arms of Grójec
Grójec is located in Poland
Grójec
Grójec
Grójec is located in Masovian Voivodeship
Grójec
Grójec
Coordinates: 51°51′56″N 20°52′3″E / 51.86556°N 20.86750°E / 51.86556; 20.86750Coordinates: 51°51′56″N 20°52′3″E / 51.86556°N 20.86750°E / 51.86556; 20.86750
Country Poland
VoivodeshipMasovian
CountyGrójec County
GminaGmina Grójec
Established11th century
Town rights1419
Government
 • MayorDariusz Gwiazda
Area
 • Total8.52 km2 (3.29 sq mi)
Elevation
153 m (502 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total16,674
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
05-600
Area code(s)+48 48
Car platesWGR
HighwaysS7-PL.svg
National roadsDK50-PL.svg
Voivodeship roadsDW722-PL.svg DW728-PL.svg
Websitehttp://www.grojecmiasto.pl/

HistoryEdit

In the 11th and 12th centuries, Grójec was the seat of a castellany, which was then moved to Czersk. It was granted town rights in 1419 by Duke Janusz I of Warsaw from the Piast dynasty.

World War IIEdit

In September 1939, during the joint German-Soviet invasion of Poland which started World War II, the town was bombed by the Luftwaffe and afterwards captured by Germany. In November 1940, during the Nazi occupation of Poland, German authorities established a Jewish ghetto in Grójec,[3] in order to confine its Jewish population for the purpose of persecution and exploitation. The ghetto was liquidated in February 1941,[3] when almost all of its inhabitants (5,200–6,000) were transported on trains used for cattle to Warsaw Ghetto, the largest ghetto in all of Nazi occupied Europe with over 400,000 Jews crammed into an area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2). From there, most inmates were sent to Treblinka extermination camp.[4][5][6][7] Only a group of Jewish craftsmen was left in Grójec, however, they were also annihilated in a mass execution in Dębówka, near Góra Kalwaria. German occupation of Grójec ended in January 1945.

NatureEdit

Forest Inspectorate ReservesEdit

There are as many as nine nature reserves in the forest inspectorate. Their total area exceeds 1 thousand ha.

DĄBROWA RADZIEJOWSKA

Partial forest reserve with an area of 52.50 ha, situated in a large forest complex in the Radziejowice commune. It was created in 1984 in order to preserve and protect one of the most beautiful types of forests in our country - luminous oak wood.

OSUCHOWSKIE GRĄDY

Partial forest reserve established in 1982. Its area is 99,25 ha. It is located in the highest point of the Mazowiecka lowland.

SKULSKI LAS

A partial forest reserve of the area of 311.75 ha established in 1984. It includes the major part of the Skuły Wschód range, situated in the Skuły-Wschód forestry unit.

SKULSKIE OAKS

A partial forest reserve of the area of 30,07 ha established in 1996. It covers the north-western part of the Skuły-Western range belonging to the Grójec Forest Inspectorate.

ŁĘGACZ NAD JEZIORKA

The reserve is situated by the Jeziorka River, several hundred metres to the north-west of Głuchów village. Protection covers a fragment of the river valley and a riparian forest growing on its right bank and marshy bottom of the valley. The area of the reserve is 37.31 ha.

LAKES OF OLSZYNA

Nature reserve "Lakes of Olszyny" - established by the order of the Ministry of the Environment of the Republic of Poland (M.O.Ś.Z.N.iL. of 25 January 1995. The forest reserve is located in the southern part of the lake district on the Jeziorkka River. The total area is 5.83 ha, including 4.99 ha of forest.

MODRZEWINA

Forest reserve established in 1959 on the grounds of the village of Mała Wieś in the commune of Belsk Duży. The reserve is located in the Grójec Forest Inspectorate. The aim of protection is preservation of the northernmost site of Polish larch in the Highland. Larches grow here to a height of 40 metres and reach a breast height of even 120 cm.

TOMCZYCE

A landscape reserve of the area of 57.99 ha, established in 1968, located between the villages of Gostomia and Tomczyce to the east of Nowe Miasto. The reserve protects the steep slope of the Pilica valley, cut by several ravines and overgrown by an old pine-oak forest. The slope of the valley, 20 metres high, retains its steepness thanks to the lively side erosion of the river, whose bed runs at the foot of the slope, undercutting it from time to time.

SOKÓŁ

A forest reserve established in 1995 in the commune of Wyśmierzyce. The object of protection is the area of forests, meadows and marshes of natural character, while the aim is to preserve for scientific and didactic reasons the plant complexes with the dominant mountain ash.


Within the territorial range of Grójec Forest Inspectorate there are four areas of protected landscape created along picturesque and extremely valuable in nature river valleys: Landscape Protection Areas "Jeziorka River Valley", Landscape Protection Areas "Pilica and Drzewiczka River Valley", Landscape Protection Areas "Bolimowsko Radziejowicki with the Central Rawka River Valley" and Landscape Protection Areas "Chojnatka River Valley".

SportsEdit

The local football team is Mazowsze Grójec [pl]. It competes in the lower leagues.

Notable peopleEdit

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Grójec is twinned with:

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Grójec (mazowieckie) » mapy, nieruchomości, GUS, noclegi, szkoły, atrakcje, kody pocztowe, bezrobocie, wynagrodzenie, zarobki, tabele, edukacja, przedszkola, demografia, zabytki". Polska w liczbach (in Polish). Retrieved 2018-08-17.
  2. ^ Michał Mackiewicz, "Okolice Grójca." Mazowiecki Urząd Wojewódzki w Warszawie.  (in Polish)
  3. ^ a b "Getto w Grójcu | Virtual Shtetl". sztetl.org.pl. Retrieved 2018-08-17.
  4. ^ Warsaw Ghetto, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM), Washington, D.C.
  5. ^ Richard C. Lukas, Out of the Inferno: Poles Remember the Holocaust, University Press of Kentucky 1989 - 201 pages. Page 13; also in Richard C. Lukas, The Forgotten Holocaust: The Poles Under German Occupation, 1939-1944, University Press of Kentucky, 1986, Google Print, p.13.
  6. ^ Gunnar S. Paulsson, "The Rescue of Jews by Non-Jews in Nazi-Occupied Poland," Journal of Holocaust Education, Vol.7, Nos.1&2, 1998, pp.19-44. Published by Frank Cass, London.
  7. ^ Edward Victor, "Ghettos and Other Jewish Communities." Archived 2011-06-08 at the Wayback Machine Judaica Philatelic. Accessed June 20, 2011.