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The 9th Dáil was elected at the 1937 general election on 1 July 1937. It first met on 21 July and the 8th Executive Council was appointed. The 9th Dáil lasted for 351 days.

8th Executive Council of the Irish Free StateEdit

Government of the 9th Dáil
8th Executive Council of the Irish Free State
 
Date formed21 July 1937
Date dissolved29 December 1937
People and organisations
Head of stateGeorge VI
Head of governmentÉamon de Valera
Deputy head of governmentSeán T. O'Kelly
Total no. of ministers10
Member partyFianna Fáil
Status in legislatureMinority Government
Opposition leaderW. T. Cosgrave (Fine Gael)
History
Election(s)1937 general election
Legislature term(s)9th Dáil
Predecessor7th Executive Council
Successor1st Government

The 8th Executive Council of the Irish Free State (21 July – 29 December 1937) was formed by the Fianna Fáil party, who continued in office since forming a government after the 1932 election. Éamon de Valera was elected as President of the Executive Council by 82 votes to 52.[1] The election took place under Article 53 of the Constitution of the Irish Free State, as amended by the Constitution (Amendment No. 27) Act 1936, which had removed the constitutional role of the Governor-General. It was the only time from December 1922 that the head of government was directly elected by the Dáil only; from December 1922 to December 1936, the nomination of the president of the Executive Council was approved by Dáil for appointment by the Governor-General, and since December 1937, the nomination of the Taoiseach has similarly been approved by the Dáil for appointment by the president of Ireland.

The members of the Executive Council were approved by the Dáil.[2]

Office Name
President of the Executive Council Éamon de Valera
Minister for External Affairs
Vice-President of the Executive Council Seán T. O'Kelly
Minister for Local Government and Public Health
Minister for Justice P. J. Ruttledge
Minister for Industry and Commerce Seán Lemass
Minister for Finance Seán MacEntee
Minister for Agriculture James Ryan
Minister for Defence Frank Aiken
Minister for Education Thomas Derrig
Minister for Lands Gerald Boland
Minister for Posts and Telegraphs Oscar Traynor

1st Government of IrelandEdit

Government of the 9th Dáil
1st Government of Ireland
 
Date formed29 December 1937
Date dissolved30 June 1938
People and organisations
Head of statePresidential Commission
(Dec. 1937 – June 1938)
Douglas Hyde (June 1938)
Head of governmentÉamon de Valera
Deputy head of governmentSeán T. O'Kelly
Total no. of ministers10
Member partyFianna Fáil
Status in legislatureMinority Government
Opposition leaderW. T. Cosgrave (Fine Gael)
History
Legislature term(s)9th Dáil
Predecessor8th Executive Council
Successor2nd Government

Under Article 56 of the Constitution of Ireland, the 8th Executive Council of the Irish Free State led by Éanon de Valera of Fianna Fáil became the 1st Government of Ireland (29 December 1937 – 30 June 1938). The offices of President of the Executive Council and Vice-President of the Executive Council were abolished, and replaced by the offices of Taoiseach and Tánaiste respectively. There was no fresh approval or appointment of the government and no change in the personnel of the Government.

Office Name
Taoiseach Éamon de Valera
Minister for External Affairs
Tánaiste Seán T. O'Kelly
Minister for Local Government and Public Health
Minister for Justice P. J. Ruttledge
Minister for Industry and Commerce Seán Lemass
Minister for Finance Seán MacEntee
Minister for Agriculture James Ryan
Minister for Defence Frank Aiken
Minister for Education Thomas Derrig
Minister for Lands Gerald Boland
Minister for Posts and Telegraphs Oscar Traynor

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 21 July 1937: Election of President of the Executive Council". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 21 July 1937: Nomination of Executive Council". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 21 August 2019.