Global South Fellowship of Anglican Churches

The Global South Fellowship of Anglican Churches (GSFA), formerly known as Global South (Anglican), is a communion of 25 Anglican churches, of which 22 are provinces of the Anglican Communion, plus the Anglican Church in North America and the Anglican Church in Brazil. The Anglican Diocese of Sydney is also officially listed as a member.[1]

Global South Fellowship of Anglican Churches
Founded atLimuru, Kenya
PurposeInternational Anglican cooperation
OriginsAnglican Communion
Membership (2023)
25 provinces
Justin Badi Arama
Vice Chairman
Hector "Tito" Zavala
Samuel Sunil Mankhin
Foley Beach

The provinces identified with the Global South represent most of the Southern Hemisphere and Third World provinces within the Anglican Communion, including all those from Africa, the largest from South America, most from Asia and two Oceania provinces. Global South provinces are characterized by their theological traditionalism on matters of sexual ethics and life issues, and by their evangelicalism in churchmanship.

The GSFA excludes the Episcopal Anglican Church of Brazil, the Anglican Church of Australia and the Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia, despite the fact that some Australian and New Zealand dioceses were already represented in their meetings, and the Asian provinces of Japan and Korea. The Anglican Church of Southern Africa is officially associated to the Global South and was already represented in several meetings. The Diocese of South Carolina, which left the Episcopal Church in October 2012, was accepted into Global South in August 2014 with the Global South temporarily caring for the diocese until 2018, when the now-Anglican Diocese of South Carolina formally joined the Anglican Church in North America following the two formal votes.[2]

History edit

The Global South encounters started in 1994. The Global South standing gained impetus concerning the controversies over the acceptance of non-celibate homosexuality, as the blessing of same-sex unions and the allowing of non-celibate homosexual clergy was being promoted by the Episcopal Church in the United States and the Anglican Church of Canada. The apex of the controversy took place with the consecration of Gene Robinson, a partnered homosexual, as bishop of the Episcopal Church in 2003. The Global South churches have since then vigorously opposed the legitimacy of any acceptance of same-sex relationships within the Anglican Communion.[3][4][5]

Several of the Global South primates attended the Global Anglican Future Conference (GAFCON) that took place in Jerusalem in 2008, as an alternative to the Lambeth Conference.[6] Mouneer Anis the Presiding Bishop of Jerusalem and the Middle East, personally objected to attending GAFCON 2008, believing that "the Global South must not be driven by an exclusively Northern agenda or Northern personalities."[7]

Following this conference, the Global South supported the creation of the Anglican Church in North America, in 2009, as a province in formation of the Anglican Communion and a theologically conservative alternative in the United States and Canada in opposition to what were viewed as revisionist departures that had taken place in these provinces concerning specifically human sexuality and the interpretation of the Bible. Archbishop Robert Duncan of the Anglican Church in North America was present at the Global South Primates Encounter that took place in Singapore, on 19–23 April 2010. The final statement declared: "We are grateful that the recently formed Anglican Church in North America (ACNA) is a faithful expression of Anglicanism. We welcomed them as partners in the Gospel and our hope is that all provinces will be in full communion with the clergy and people of the ACNA and the Communion Partners."[8]

The Global South issued a letter to the Crown Nominations Commission of the Anglican Communion, on 20 July 2012, signed by 13 primates and representatives of other three churches, including the Anglican Church of Southern Africa, expressing the wish that the new Archbishop of Canterbury will remain faithful to the orthodoxy of the Anglican faith and work for the unity of the worldwide Anglican Communion.[9]

The 7th Global South Conference, held in Cairo, Egypt, on 8–11 October 2019, reuniting 101 delegates and observers of 18 Anglican provinces, proposed the creation of the Global South Fellowship of Anglican Churches, with the GSFA Covenantal Structure, which was then approved on their official communiqué.[10] The 8th Global South Conference, also held in Cairo, except that online, on 14–17 October 2021, with the presence of 90 delegates from 16 provinces and a diocese, endorsed the Global South Fellowship of Anglican Churches "as a global body of orthodox Anglicans within the Anglican Communion. It retains its geographical anchorage in the provinces of the traditional "Global South", nurtures its koinonia in the Gospel".[11] It was also decided that in the next conference, "membership in the Global South Fellowship will be based on assent to the Fundamental Declarations of the Covenantal Structure and agreement with the conciliar structures that bind us together as an ecclesial body." On the same occasion, Justin Badi Arama, Archbishop of South Sudan, was elected as chairman.[12]

On 9 February 2023, the Global South Fellowship questioned Justin Welby's "fitness to lead" the Anglican Communion following the Church of England's vote on same-sex blessings.[13] A day later, the Church of Uganda said they did not recognize the authority of the Archbishop of Canterbury.[14] On 20 February 2023, some primates within the fellowship released a statement declaring that it had broken communion with and no longer recognized Justin Welby as primus inter pares of the Anglican Communion,[15][16] de facto marking a schism within the Anglican Communion.[17][18][19] In March, 2023, the Anglican Church of Southern Africa, a member province, released a statement saying that, while they could not approve of blessings or marriage for same-sex couples, they accepted Archbishop Makgoba's proposal to form a subcommittee to "prepare formal prayers suitable for providing pastoral care to couples in same-sex civil unions."[20][21][22] However, while they approved a subcommittee to draft pastoral prayers for consideration, a proposal to bless same-sex unions was rejected by the majority of their bishops.[23]

Provinces edit

The Global South Fellowship of Anglican Churches official website lists 24 provinces and a diocese as 25 members:[1]

  1. Episcopal/Anglican Province of Alexandria
  2. Church of Bangladesh (United)
  3. Anglican Church in Brazil
  4. Province of the Anglican Church of Burundi (member of the Council of the Anglican Provinces in Africa, or CAPA)
  5. Church of the Province of Central Africa (CAPA)
  6. Anglican Church of Chile
  7. Province of the Anglican Church of the Congo (CAPA)
  8. Church of the Province of the Indian Ocean (CAPA)
  9. Anglican Church of Kenya (CAPA)
  10. Church of Melanesia
  11. Church of the Province of Myanmar
  12. Church of Nigeria (CAPA)
  13. Anglican Church in North America[24]
  14. Church of Pakistan (United)
  15. Anglican Church of Papua New Guinea
  16. Province of the Anglican Church of Rwanda
  17. Church of the Province of South East Asia
  18. Anglican Church of Southern Africa (CAPA)
  19. Anglican Church of South America
  20. Anglican Diocese of Sydney
  21. Province of the Episcopal Church of Sudan (CAPA)
  22. Province of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan (CAPA)
  23. Anglican Church of Tanzania (CAPA)
  24. Church of Uganda (CAPA)
  25. Church of the Province of West Africa (CAPA)

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Who We Are". GSFA. Archived from the original on Apr 1, 2023. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  2. ^ "Diocese of South Carolina votes to join ACNA". GAFCON. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  3. ^ Brown, Andrew (2016-01-08). "The Anglican schism over sexuality marks the end of a global church". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  4. ^ Sherwood, Harriet; correspondent, Harriet Sherwood Religion (2016-01-14). "Anglican church avoids split over gay rights – but liberals pay price". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  5. ^ Morgan, Timothy C. "Anglican Division over Scripture and Sexuality Heads South". News & Reporting. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  6. ^ "The Global Anglican Future Conference (GAFCON), June 15-22, 2008, The Holy Land". 2007-12-31. Archived from the original on 2007-12-31. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  7. ^ "Middle East Presiding Bishop will not attend GAFCON". Thinking Anglicans. 2008-05-21. Retrieved 2023-02-15.
  8. ^ "Global South Anglican - Fourth Trumpet from the Fourth Anglican Global South to South Encounter". 2010-10-10. Archived from the original on 2010-10-10. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  9. ^ "Global South Primates' letter to the Crown Nominations Commission". Episcopal News Service. 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  10. ^ when the 7th trumpet sounded in Cairo, the Anglican Church in Brazil was officially received as a member Province and Archbishop Miguel Uchoa was also received into the Council of primates of the GSFA"The Seventh Trumpet: Communiqué from the 7th Global South Conference, Cairo 2019". Anglican Ink. 2019-10-15. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  11. ^ "8th Global South Conference". GSFA. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  12. ^ "Communiqué from the 8th Global South Conference, 2021" (PDF). GSFA.
  13. ^ Arama, Justin Badi (2023-02-09). "Global South archbishops question Welby's "fitness to lead" the Anglican Communion following synod vote on gay blessings". Anglican Ink. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  14. ^ Independent, The (2023-02-10). "Church of Uganda starts process to split from Canterbury". The Independent Uganda. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  15. ^ "Group of global Anglican church leaders ousts Welby over gay blessing reform". The Independent. 2023-02-20. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  16. ^ Paulsen, David (2023-02-20). "Global South archbishops reject Welby's leadership role, vow to 're-set' Anglican Communion". Episcopal News Service. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  17. ^ Carter, Joe (February 22, 2023). "The FAQs: Anglican Communion Splits over 'Blessing' of Same-Sex Marriages". The Gospel Coalition. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  18. ^ Lawless, Jill (February 20, 2023). "Some Anglican bishops reject leader Welby over gay marriage". ABC News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2023-02-22. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  19. ^ "Anglican group rejects Archbishop of Canterbury as schism widens". France 24. 2023-02-21. Retrieved 2023-02-22.
  20. ^ Serfontein, Anli (6 March 2023). "Bishops in Southern Africa agree to prayers but not blessings for same-sex couples". The Church Times. Retrieved 2023-03-06.
  21. ^ Paulsen, David (2023-03-06). "Southern Africa bishops OK prayers for same-sex couples, won't offer blessings, marriage". Episcopal News Service. Retrieved 2023-03-06.
  22. ^ "South Africa: Anglican Bishops to Publish Prayers for Same-Sex Couples". allAfrica. Anglican Church of Southern Africa. 2023-03-08. Retrieved 2023-03-08.
  23. ^ Conger, George (2023-03-05). "Southern Africa bishops reject same-sex blessings". Anglican Ink. Retrieved 2023-08-04.
  24. ^ "Anglican Church in North America Declared Partner Province by the Global South". Anglican Church in North America. 2015-10-16. Archived from the original on Jul 2, 2018.

External links edit