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Givatayim (Hebrew: גִּבְעָתַיִים‎, lit. "two hills") is a city in Israel east of Tel Aviv. It is part of the metropolitan area known as Gush Dan. Givatayim was established in 1922 by pioneers of the Second Aliyah. In 2019 it had a population of 60,644.[1]


City (from 1959)
Tel Aviv - תל אביב (15845688503).jpg
Flag of Givatayim
Official logo of Givatayim
Coat of arms
Givatayim is located in Israel
Givatayim is located in Central Israel
Coordinates: 32°04′17″N 34°48′36″E / 32.07139°N 34.81000°E / 32.07139; 34.81000Coordinates: 32°04′17″N 34°48′36″E / 32.07139°N 34.81000°E / 32.07139; 34.81000
Country Israel
District Tel Aviv
 • MayorRan Kunik
 • Total3,211 dunams (3.211 km2 or 1.240 sq mi)
 • Total60,644
 • Density19,000/km2 (49,000/sq mi)
Name meaningTwo hills

The name of the city comes from the "two hills" on which it was established: Borochov Hill and Kozlovsky Hill. Kozlovsky is the highest hill in the Gush Dan region at 85 metres (279 ft) above sea level. The city was expanded in the 1930s so that today it is actually situated on 4 hills, Borochov, Kozlovsky, the Poalei HaRakevet ("railroad workers'"), and Rambam Hill.


Historical population
Givatayim by night


Archaeological remains of a Calcolithic settlement have been found at the site of what is now Givatayim.

Modern townEdit

Borochov Neighbourhood (est. 1922)Edit

Borochov Neighbourhood (Shechunat Borochov) in 1926, photo by Samuel Joseph Schweig

The modern town was founded on April 2, 1922 by a group of 22 Second Aliyah pioneers led by David Schneiderman. The group purchased 300 dunams (300,000 square metres (3,200,000 sq ft)) of land on the outskirts of Tel Aviv that became the Borochov Neighbourhood (Shechunat/Shekhunat Borochov), the first workers' neighbourhood in the country. It was named for Dov Ber Borochov, founder of the Poalei Zion workers' party. Later, another 70 families joined the group, receiving smaller plots. The land was purchased with their private savings, but was voluntarily transferred to the Jewish National Fund, which organized Jewish settlement at the time, in keeping with the pioneers' socialist beliefs.[3]

Shechunat Borochov is credited for a number of innovations in the early Jewish settlement movement, including establishing the first cooperative grocery store (Tzarkhaniya, "Consumer")[4] that still functioned in the same location into the 1980s.

1930s neighbourhoodsEdit

Over time, more neighborhoods developed: Sheinkin (1936; named after Menahem Sheinkin), Givat Rambam (1933; named after Maimonides), Kiryat Yosef (1934; named after the biblical figure), and Arlozorov (1936; named after Haim Arlosoroff).


All these neighborhoods were merged to form a local council in August 1942. Givatayim was declared a city in 1959.


Givatayim is located east of Tel Aviv, and is bordered on the north and east by Ramat Gan.


Givatayim park

Givatayim has 41 kindergartens, 9 elementary schools and 4 high schools. The city has Israel's highest rate of secondary school matriculation.[citation needed].[5] Mayor Ruven Ben-Shachar initiated a special high school exam assistance program that after 3 years resulted in an 11% increase of high school test results in 2010.

Thelma Yellin High School for the Arts alumni include Shira Haas, Ohad Knoller, Ilanit, Mili Avital, Ziv Koren and Maya Dunietz.

Urban developmentEdit

Eurocom Tower, under construction in Givatayim, is a 70-story skyscraper which will be Israel's tallest building upon completion. It is part of a complex that includes four apartment towers and a 50-story office building. A large square will connect to surrounding areas with bridges and underground passes. The complex will be located near Ramat Gan and its Diamond Exchange District.[6]

In addition to Eurocom Tower, other high-rise projects are planned for the city. According to former Givatayim mayor Reuven Ben-Shahar, the municipality's policy is to promote high-rise construction on the city's outer edges, while preserving the fabric of residential neighborhoods deeper within the city, including the city center.[6]


  • Shimon Ben-Zvi (1941–65)
  • Kuba Kraizman (1965–78)
  • Yitzhak Yaron (1978–93)
  • Efi (Ephraim) Stenzler (1993–2006)
  • Iris Avram, replaced the previous mayor due to his early resignation after he became the chairman of KKL - the Jewish National Fund (2006–07)
  • Reuven Ben-Shahar (2007–13)
  • Ran Kunik (2013–present)

Reuven Ben-Shahar was the first candidate from Kadima that won a city election and the first mayor in Givatayim that was not from the Israeli Labor Party.

Notable residentsEdit

Twin towns & sister citiesEdit

Givatayim is twinned with:[7]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Israel 2012 - No. 63 Subject 2 - Table No. 15". Archived from the original on 2013-10-20. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  3. ^ Sadeh, Shuki (2008-07-10). "Land day". Haaretz. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
  4. ^ "Givatayim - Official Site (Hebrew)". Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-01-08.
  5. ^ "ההישגים והפערים: נתוני החינוך בכל עיר ובית ספר". Ynet.
  6. ^ a b Lior, Ilan (2012-02-03). "Givatayim getting Israel's tallest skyscraper - Israel News | Haaretz Daily Newspaper". Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  7. ^ "עוד תאומה נולדה לגבעתיים". (in Hebrew). Hamekomon Maariv. 2019-08-22. Retrieved 2020-02-26.

External linksEdit