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Vác (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈvaːt͡s]; German: Waitzen; Slovak: Vacov; Yiddish: ווייצען‎) is a town in Pest county in Hungary with approximately 35,000 inhabitants. The archaic spelling of the name is Vácz.

Vác
Vác Székesegyház 20090725.jpgRómai katolikus templom, volt ferences templom (7507. számú műemlék).jpg
Középkori pince (7555. számú műemlék).jpgHegyes torony.jpg
Vác Cathedral
Flag of Vác
Flag
Coat of arms of Vác
Coat of arms
Vác is located in Hungary
Vác
Vác
Location of Vác
Vác is located in Europe
Vác
Vác
Vác (Europe)
Coordinates: 47°46′31″N 19°07′52″E / 47.77518°N 19.13102°E / 47.77518; 19.13102Coordinates: 47°46′31″N 19°07′52″E / 47.77518°N 19.13102°E / 47.77518; 19.13102
Country Hungary
CountyPest
DistrictVác
Area
 • Total61.60 km2 (23.78 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)
 • Total33,475
 • Density543/km2 (1,410/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
2600
Area code(s)27

Contents

LocationEdit

Vác is located 35 kilometres (22 miles) north of Budapest on the eastern bank of the Danube river, below the bend where the river changes course and flows south. The town is seated at the foot of the Naszály Mountain in the foothills of the Carpathians.[1]

Modern VácEdit

Vác is a commercial center as well as a popular summer resort for citizens of Budapest. The cathedral, built 1761–1777, was modelled after St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.[1] The episcopal palace houses a museum for Roman and medieval artifacts.[1] The city is also known for its 18th-century arch of triumph and for its beautiful baroque city center.

HistoryEdit

Settlement in Vác dating as far back as the Roman Empire has been found. The origin of its name is debated. One hypothesis says that the name comes from a Hungarian tribal name "Vath".[2]

It has been the seat of a Roman Catholic bishopric since the 11th century.[1] Bishops from the Roman Catholic Diocese of Vác were influential within the Kingdom of Hungary, with many serving as chancellors or later becoming archbishops.

On 17 March 1241, due to the attack of Mongols the population was slaughtered and Mongols set up camp there.[3][4][5] After the departure of the Mongols, Vác was rebuilt and German colonists were invited to the town.[6]

The town was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1541. During the Habsburg Monarchy's wars against the Ottomans, the Austrians won victories against the Turks at Vác in 1597 and in 1684.[1] After the Great Turkish War, Vác was rebuilt and repopulated. This re-population was both spontaneous and planned.[7]

During the Hungarian Revolution and War of Independence of 1848-49, the Honvédség routed the Austrian forces stationed in the city after a major battle (April 10, 1849); the Second Battle of Vác ended in Russian victory (July 17).

During World War II, Vác was captured on 8 December 1944 by Soviet troops of the 2nd Ukrainian Front in the course of the Budapest Offensive.

See also:

DemographicsEdit

EthnicityEdit

Religious denominationEdit

According to the 1910 census, the religious make-up of the town was the following:

GalleryEdit

International relationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Vácz". Encyclopædia Britannica. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 837.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ A Glorious Disaster: A.D. 1100 to 1300: The Crusades: Blood, Valor, Iniquity ... - Ted Byfield - Google Boeken
  4. ^ The Two Cities: Medieval Europe, 1050-1320 - Malcolm Barber - Google Boeken
  5. ^ Realm of St. Stephen: A History of Medieval Hungary - Pál Engel - Google Boeken
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ [3]
  8. ^ Vác testvervaros

Sources and external linksEdit