Giulia Anna "Giulietta" Masina (22 February 1921 – 23 March 1994) was an Italian film actress, best known for her performances of Gelsomina in La Strada (1954) and Cabiria in Nights of Cabiria (1957). Both films won Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film and were described by their director Federico Fellini as having been "inspired" by Masina's "humanity."
Giulia Anna Masina
22 February 1921
|Died||23 March 1994 (aged 73)|
(m. 1943; died 1993)
Italian cinema historian Peter Bondanella described Masina's work as "masterful" and "unforgettable," and Charlie Chaplin, with whose work Masina's is often compared, called her "the actress who moved him most."
Giulia Anna Masina, the oldest of four children, was born in San Giorgio di Piano, near Bologna. Her father was a violinist and her mother was a schoolteacher. When Masina was four, her uncle took her to meet the Italian playwright Luigi Pirandello, who was later to win the Nobel Prize in literature. A few years later, when this uncle died, his widow, Masina's aunt, asked Masina's parents if they would allow her to come to Rome to stay with her. Masina's parents agreed, in part because they believed that in Rome Masina would have more success in the arts, for which she was already demonstrating a unique talent.
Masina attended an Ursuline convent school and took lessons in voice, piano, and dance. Her first experiences acting took place during World War II as part of the theater section of Rome's Gruppi Universitari Fascisti, a state-sponsored but university-student-led arts organization. She graduated with a degree in Literature from Sapienza University of Rome. She began to work as a voice actress on the radio during the war, which earned her more money and attention than stage acting. It was as a radio artist that Masina met Federico Fellini, a radio show screenwriter. They married in 1943, and a few months later Masina suffered a miscarriage after falling down a flight of stairs. In 1944, she became pregnant again; Pierfederico (nicknamed Federichino) was born on 22 March 1945 but died from encephalitis 11 days later. Masina and Fellini had no other children.
Working together with her husband, Masina made the transition to on-screen acting. Half of her Italian films, the more successful projects, were either written or directed by her husband. Masina made her film debut in an uncredited role in Rossellini's Paisà (1946), Fellini being one of the credited screenwriters. She received her first screen credit in Lattuada's Without Pity (Senza pietà, 1948), which was an adaptation co-written by Fellini, and played opposite John Kitzmiller.
She starred with Anthony Quinn in Fellini's La Strada (1954), playing the abused stooge of Quinn's travelling circus strongman. She won the Best Actress Award at the Cannes Film Festival for her portrayal of the title role in Fellini's Nights of Cabiria (1957). She played a prostitute who endures life's tragedies and disappointments with both innocence and resilience of biblical proportions. The movie received the Academy Award for Best Foreign-Language Film. In a 1998 New York Times review, Janet Maslin wrote that there is more "grace and courage" in Masina's performance than "all the fire-breathing blockbusters Hollywood has to offer."
Masina's career was damaged by the critical and box office failure of The High Life (1960) directed by Julien Duvivier. Subsequently, she became dedicated almost entirely to her personal life and marriage. Nonetheless, she again worked with Fellini in Juliet of the Spirits (1965), which earned both the New York Film Critics award (1965) and the Golden Globe award (1966) for Best Foreign Language Film.
Masina performed in The Madwoman of Chaillot (1969), her first film in English, which also starred Katharine Hepburn. After almost two decades, during which she worked sporadically only in television, Masina appeared in Fellini's Ginger and Fred (1986) with Marcello Mastroianni in which the leads play Italian impersonators of Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers reuniting for a television special. She then rejected outside offers to attend to her husband's precarious health. Her last film was Jean-Louis Bertucelli's A Day to Remember (1991). In the late 1960s, Masina hosted a popular radio show, Lettere aperte, in which she addressed correspondence from her listeners. The letters were eventually published in a book. From the 1970s on, she appeared on television. Two performances, in Eleonora (1973) and Camilla (1976), respectively, were particularly acclaimed.
Masina died from cancer on 23 March 1994 at age 73, five months after her husband's death on 31 October 1993. For her funeral, she requested that trumpeter Mauro Maur play "La Strada" by Nino Rota, a poignant leitmotif from the film. She and Fellini are buried together at Rimini cemetery in a tomb marked by a prow-shaped monument, the work of sculptor Arnaldo Pomodoro.
- Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists: 4 Silver Ribbon awards.
- She was twice nominated for a BAFTA Film Award for Best Foreign Actress.
- David di Donatello: David awards
- Cannes Film Festival Best Actress award, by Nights of Cabiria (1957).
- San Sebastián film festival Best Actress award, by Nights of Cabiria (1957).
|1946||Paisan||Young woman||debut, Uncredited|
|1951||Variety Lights||Melina Amour|
|Behind Closed Shutters||Pippo|
|Seven Hours of Trouble||Figlia de Romolini|
|Cameriera bella presenza offresi...||Ermelinda|
|1952||The Shameless Sex||Nadina|
|The White Sheik||Cabiria|
|1953||At the Edge of the City||Gina Ilari|
|1954||Angels of Darkness||Rosita|
|100 Years of Love||The Neighbour at the Rear Window||(segment "Purificazione")|
|Lo scocciatore (Via Padova 46)||Irene|
|1955||Buonanotte... avvocato!||Carla Santi|
|1957||Nights of Cabiria||Maria Cabiria Ceccarelli|
|1958||Fortunella||Nanda Diotallevi aka Fortunella|
|1959||Nella città l'inferno||Lina|
|...and the Wild Wild Women||Erdme|
|1960||The High Life||Doris Putzke|
|1965||Juliet of the Spirits||Giulietta Boldrini|
|1966||Pardon, Are You For or Against?||Anna|
|1967||Don't Sting the Mosquito||Maria Cristina, madre di Rita|
|1969||The Madwoman of Chaillot||Gabrielle|
|1985||The Feather Fairy||Perinbaba|
|1986||Ginger and Fred||Amelia Bonetti "Ginger"|
|1991||A Day to Remember||Bertille||(final film role)|
- Fellini, Federico (1978). "My Experiences as a Director". In Bondanella, Peter (ed.). Federico Fellini: Essays in Criticism. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 7.
- Bondanella, Peter (2009). A History of Italian Cinema. New York: Continuum. pp. 148, 151. ISBN 9780826417855.
- Crowther, Bosley. "The Screen: 'Cabiria'; Giulietta Masina Stars in Italian Import".
- Masina reference, filmsdefrance.com; accessed 19 October 2018.
- Reference to Masina, filmbug.com; accessed 19 October 2018.
- Kezich, Tullio (1991). Giulietta Masina. Bologna: Cappelli. p. 22.
- "Pierfederico's grave marker".
- Information on miscarriage and death from encephalitis cited in Tullio Kezich, Fellini: His Life and Work (New York: Faber, 2006), pg. 74.
- "AllMovie - Movies and Films Database - Movie Search, Ratings, Photos, Recommendations, and Reviews". AllMovie.
- Maslin, Janet (3 July 1978). "Resilience and Spirituality in a Fellini Treasure". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
- "New York Film Critics Circle Awards". Retrieved 14 May 2020.
- "Winners & Nominees 1966". Retrieved 14 May 2020.
- Cowell, Alan. "Giulietta Masina, Italian Actress Who Inspired Fellini, Dies at 73".
- gli amici ricordano Giulietta, archiviostorico.corriere.it; accessed 19 October 2018.
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