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Girl is a 2018 Belgian drama film directed by Lukas Dhont, in his feature debut, and written by Dhont and Angelo Tijssens. It stars Victor Polster, in his acting debut, as a trans girl who pursues a career as a ballerina.

Girl
Girl (2018 film).jpg
Film poster
Directed byLukas Dhont
Produced byDirk Impens
Written by
  • Lukas Dhont
  • Angelo Tijssens
StarringVictor Polster
Music byValentin Hadjadj
CinematographyFrank van den Eeden
Edited byAlain Dessauvage
Distributed byLumière
Release date
  • 12 May 2018 (2018-05-12) (Cannes)
  • 9 October 2018 (2018-10-09) (Belgium)
Running time
106 minutes[1]
Country
  • Belgium
  • Netherlands
Language
  • Flemish
  • French
Budget€1.5 million[2]
Box office$4.2 million[3][4]

The film screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2018 Cannes Film Festival, where it won the Caméra d'Or award, for best first feature film, as well as the Queer Palm, and Polster won the Un Certain Regard Jury Award for Best Performance.[5] It was selected as the Belgian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 91st Academy Awards,[6][7] although it did not make the December shortlist.[8] It received nine nominations at the 9th Magritte Awards and won four, including Best Screenplay and Best Actor for Polster.

Girl was inspired by Nora Monsecour, a trans female dancer from Belgium, whom Dhont met when he was 18 and she was 15.[9] While initially praised by critics, most of whom were cisgender,[10] the film was criticised by some trans and queer writers for its depiction of gender dysphoria and self-harm. Monsecour, who collaborated with Dhont and Tijssens on the film, has defended the film in response.

Contents

PlotEdit

Lara Verhaeghen is a 15-year-old transgender girl who aspires to be a professional ballerina, and applies to a prestigious Dutch ballet school. When she is accepted to the school (contingent on her performance during an 8-week trial period), she moves to be closer to the school, with her supportive francophone father, Mathias, and younger brother.

At the same time, Lara is speaking to her doctors about her gender dysphoria, undergoing puberty blockers as well as seeing a psychiatrist regularly. Her psychiatrist, like her father, is very supportive of her, and tries to assuage her fears, but the difficulty of starting at a new school, along with the difficulties of going through puberty, make Lara insecure and reserved.

At school, Lara excels, both in her ballet classes and socially. Despite the public knowledge that she is trangender, her classmates appear to accept her as one of them, including the other girls who do not object to her sharing their locker room. Although Lara does use the locker room to keep her clothing and put on her pointe shoes, she uses a private restroom when going to the bathroom. Against advice, she secretly tucks her penis with tape during ballet practices. Lara's body goes through even more pain as she trains for hours and hours, causing the point shoes to strain and blister her feet. Nevertheless, Lara's dedication to ballet and to making her external appearance reflect her gender identity prevent her from stopping either of these harmful actions.

However, Lara's six-year-old brother does not adjust to the town as well. He does not like his new school, and cries when he comes home from school and before leaving for school. Lara is a supportive sister, and not only gets him ready and takes him to school each day, but checks in on him from afar.

After some time, the doctors are ready to begin the process of sex reassignment surgery for Lara. With her psychiatrist and her father present, her doctor tells Lara what the process will entail. Although the whole process will take two years, Lara is ready and excited, and signs the consent documents eagerly. When she speaks to her psychiatrist later, she states that she does not want to date until she has the right body. Her psychiatrist, however, wants her to enjoy her puberty as a teenager, and says as much.

Although she begins hormone replacement therapy in preparation for her surgery, Lara's body is not changing fast enough for her. One day, when she goes to a sleepover for a friend's birthday, the girls of her dance class (many of whom are present at the party) bully her into showing her penis. Upset, hurt, and humiliated, she goes home early by herself. She finds her father having dinner with his new girlfriend, Christine, and lies to him about having a stomach ache. Her father does not push the subject, but the next day brings it up again on the way to the doctor, concerned. Lara, in her usual guarded and reserved way, insists that everything is fine and does not open up. When they arrive at the office, the doctor notes that Lara has lost a lot of weight and has a genital infection. She tells Lara that she must stop taping, and must gain weight, because she has to be strong enough (physically) for the operation. Lara lies and says she is fine, but her dad says that she is not.

Upset, emotionally and physically worn down, Lara almost breaks down during ballet class. Distraught, she tries to find comfort with a boy in her building. She kisses him and he kisses her back. Though she pushes his hands away when he tries to touch her chest and legs, she begins to perform oral sex on him, but then runs away. She comes back home and picks a fight with her father; instead of getting mad at her, he tries to understand what is going on with Lara. He asks her what is wrong, but she can't quite put her finger on it, and remains upset.

Studio rehearsals are over and the dance students move to the stage. During their first stage practice, Lara barely makes it through before collapsing from exhaustion backstage. The next day, she wakes up at home. She is worried that she is late for class, and tries to leave immediately, but her father points out she hasn't eaten. She lashes out in frustration and breaks down in tears, but her father holds her and makes her calm down. Later, at the doctor's office, her doctors tell her that she has to stop dancing and regain her strength, otherwise she will not be able to have sex reassignment surgery at all. For now, her surgery is delayed. Unable to dance, she goes to her classmates' ballet performance and sits in the audience, watching with her father. Hurt, pain, and jealousy are visible on her face as she silently cries.

At a holiday dinner some time later, Lara seems to be doing better. The guests comment on how gorgeous she looks in her new dress, and she falls asleep cradling her little brother. The next day, her father brings her coffee and then goes to work and to zero off her little brother at school. Once her father leaves, Lara prepares a bowl of ice, calls emergency services, and then mutilates her penis with a pair of scissors. Her father rushes to her side in the ambulance, and stays by her bedside in the hospital. Once Lara awakens, he holds her hand and caresses her face. The two do not exchange words, but simply smile at one another. The film ends with a shot of a determined, possibly even happy, Lara with shorter hair, walking down a street.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

 
Victor Polster and Lukas Dhont at a Paris premiere of Girl.

The film was inspired by Nora Monsecour, a professional dancer and trans woman from Belgium.[11] In 2009, Dhont, then 18 and a newly enrolled film student, read a newspaper article about Monsecour's request to her ballet school that she take the girls' class so she could learn en pointe skills.[12][13][14][15][9] Unlike the protagonist of the film, Monsecour was not accepted to the girls' class, and since shifted her focus from ballet to contemporary dance.[16] Dhont approached Monsecour to make a documentary about her, which she declined. Instead, he then went on to write a fictional narrative film with her and Tijssens, although Monsecour remained uncredited at her wish.[12][13] Dhont consulted Monsecour, other transgender people and medical professionals for the film.[11][17][15] Doctors at Ghent University Hospital, where Monsecour had been a patient, advised against casting a trans girl because she would be in a sensitive period of her transition.[18]

The casting for the lead role was done with no regard to the actors' gender. After failing to find an actor who could both dance and act to their satisfaction among the 500 people aged between 14 and 17 who auditioned (six of whom were trans female), the filmmakers began casting the rest of the dancers who would appear in the film. It was in this group casting process that they found Polster.[14][15][18] Monsecour was involved in the casting of Polster and was present on set during the filming.[13] Polster took three months of voice training and of dance practices with pointe shoes.[18] The filming involved nude scenes of Polster, then 14, with his parents' consent. The crew took particular care not to show his face and lower body in the same shot.[19] Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui, artistic director of the Royal Ballet of Flanders, served as choreographer.[18]

ReleaseEdit

Girl premiered in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2018 Cannes Film Festival on 12 May 2018.[20] In May 2018, Netflix acquired the rights to the film for North America and Latin America.[21] While Netflix originally planned to release the film on its platform on 18 January 2019,[22] the release was pushed back to 15 March 2019.[23] Netflix released the film with a warning card, which read, "This film covers sensitive issues, and includes some sexual content, graphic nudity, and an act of self-harm", with a link to a website providing information about The Trevor Project's suicide hotline.[24]

ReceptionEdit

Critical responseEdit

On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 84%, based on 55 reviews, and an average rating of 7.49/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Girl uses one aspiring dancer's story as the framework for a poignant drama that approaches its difficult themes with fittingly alluring grace."[25] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 73 out of 100, based on 15 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[26]

David Ehrlich of IndieWire called the film "arrestingly empathetic" and gave the film a grade of B+, while expressing a concern over the casting of the cisgender male actor for the role of a trans woman.[27] Peter Debruge of Variety praised Polster's performance and called the film "an intuitively accessible look at a gender nonconforming teenager trying to find the courage to be herself".[28] Boyd van Hoeij of The Hollywood Reporter praised the film's reliance on visuals and editing rather than dialogue, while raising concern about the casting and nudity, which he nonetheless found to be "a logical choice".[29]

Wendy Ide of Screen International called the film "assured and empathetic", saying, "There is a compassion and intimacy to Dhont's approach to gender issues which evokes the work of Céline Sciamma, particularly in Tomboy."[30] Steve Pond of TheWrap described the film as "a quiet movie until it isn't, a gentle character study that goes into extreme territory, a wrenching drama that you think is about finding acceptance until it threatens to become about the impossibility of that very thing", and wrote, "by the end, this quiet movie goes to a place of horrific pain and desperation ... Dhont manages to find the briefest of grace notes in its aftermath".[31]

Kimber Myers of the Los Angeles Times wrote that the cinematography which focuses on the protagonist's body "feels exploitative, rather than empathetic", and that "it's the irresponsible handling of the film's final, shocking scenes that is the most problematic". Myers concluded, "Dhont's film is a strong debut from a technical angle, but it lacks the humanity necessary for a story of this nature".[32]

CriticismEdit

Girl has been met with criticism from some trans and queer writers, particularly in regard to its depiction of gender dysphoria and self-harm.[10]

Matthew Rodriguez of the Into magazine wrote, "the film is bloody and obsessed with trans bodies in a way that reminds us that a cisgender person wrote and directed it. It's trans trauma porn and, as a cisgender person, I'm warning trans people not to watch it and cis people not to fall for it", and that the shots of the cisgender male actor Polster's genitalia "convey a creepy, voyeuristic obsession with Lara's body that never loses its ick factor ... Rather than uplifting Lara, the film almost seems to want to humiliate her and lament her struggle." Rodriguez also criticised the casting of Polster despite the character being supposed to be on puberty blockers: "young trans girls on blockers don't look like feminine or androgynous boys—they look like girls. Lara has started taking estrogen, and she is frustrated because her breasts haven't developed. Hormones affect more than breasts, yet the film focuses on breasts and the vagina as the sole things that make a trans girl a girl", while acknowledging some aspects of the film, such as the relationship between Lara and her father and the microaggressions she faces, as "well-wrought".[33]

On the British Film Institute's website, trans female critic Cathy Brennan wrote, "Dhont's camera dwells on the teenage Lara's crotch with a troubling fascination throughout the entire runtime ... The camera's gaze in Girl belongs to that of a cis person. It fits comfortably into the way cis audiences see people like me. They may smile to my face while wondering what's between my legs." In regard to the ending of the film in which the protagonist mutilates her penis, Brennan wrote, "It's a scene of severe trauma that the film has not earned the right to depict. Dhont's portrayal of gender dysphoria is so focused on the genitals that he offers no insight into the psychological facets of trans girl's psychology. To reduce it down to this one act of self-mutilation is cinematic barbarism."[34]

Writing for The Hollywood Reporter, Oliver Whitney, who identifies as trans masculine,[22] described Girl as "the most dangerous movie about a trans character in years". Whitney criticised the film's "disturbing fascination with trans bodies", writing, "Lara's genitals, shown in multiple full-frontal nude shots of Polster's penis, have a bigger presence throughout Girl and are central to more plot points than the character herself ... What could have been a thoughtful exploration of a difficult part of a trans girl's daily life instead uses her body as a site of trauma, inviting the audience to react with disgust. Much like the cisgender characters who continually silence Lara and tell her how to feel, the director shows no interest in understanding her internal struggles." Whitney identified the depiction of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to be the film's largest issue, writing that it "sends the inaccurate message that HRT will cause a trans person more agony" and is "outrageously irresponsible filmmaking", and concluded with a call for further inclusion of transgender people in the film industry, which in his opinion would have prevented the film from getting as much acclaim.[35]

Tre'vell Anderson of the Out magazine also condemned the film's depiction of self-mutilation and lack of "substantive participation of trans voices".[36] GLAAD posted quotations from these critics on Twitter, warning to "read what trans and queer critics are saying".[37][10] GLAAD also sent out an email asking recipients to attend screenings and share articles critical of the film on social media in order to promote inclusion in the industry.[38] In North America, the lack of early access to the film for critics not in major cities or in award-giving circles was criticised as consequentially diminishing and delaying opportunities for queer critics to voice their opinions.[10][39]

The film was also met with criticism from the trans community in Belgium and France. The critics found the film to be fixated on physical, especially genital, aspects of transitioning when, according to Camille Pier, project manager at Brussels association network RainbowHouse, other factors such as administrative complications, environment, respect to human rights, and being a minor can pose more pressing problems.[40] Researcher Héloïse Guimin-Fati described the film as having a "cis-centred" and "terribly masculine" vision, and said that "the character of Lara became an object when she should have been the subject of the film".[40] They also found the film's emphasis on the protagonist's suffering and isolation and her not seeking help from the trans community despite having a supportive father and living in modern Belgium incongruous and perpetuating stereotypes.[40][41][42] Londé Ngosso, director of Belgian organisation Genres Pluriels, said, "This does not take into account the reality of the country, social networks, the commitment of young people, all of the work we've done for eleven years. It makes us invisible instead of putting us forward."[41]

In response to the criticism, Nora Monsecour, the dancer who inspired the film, defended the film in The Hollywood Reporter, writing, "Girl is not a representation of all transgender experiences, but rather a retelling of experiences that I faced during my journey ... Girl tells my story in a way that doesn't lie, doesn't hide. To argue that Lara's experience as trans is not valid because Lukas is cis or because we have a cis lead actor offends me."[11] In a subsequent interview with IndieWire, Monsecour repeated that she was "offended", saying, "My story is not a fantasy of the cis director. Lara's story is my story." She also stated that she viewed the self-mutilation at the end of the film as "a metaphor for suicidal thoughts or dark thoughts that are taking over, which I experienced myself", and that it was "crucial to show", adding, "The scene should not be interpreted [as] encouraging trans youth to cut certain body parts off themselves. That is not the message. The message is to show that these things are a result of dark thoughts, [which] are the result of the struggle that we face."[43] In another interview, Monsecour told The New York Times, "The words people have used to describe Girl came close to my heart because the scenes they are criticizing are scenes that I had in mind during my transition. To criticize Lukas for portraying those things made me think, am I the only person who had suicidal thoughts or was bodily focused?"[22]

Dhont responded to the criticism by saying, "We wanted to show this young trans girl in the world of the ballet, which is very binary, and her struggling with that ... Not everyone can always like everything. I really am someone who wants to see trans directors directing trans stories, and someone that wants to see trans actors playing trans parts, any part. But let's not fight for inclusion by the tool of exclusion. Let's fight for inclusion by having everyone at the table."[38]

Writing for The Advocate, Ann Thomas, the founder of a trans talent agency, defended the film, attributing the casting of the cis male actor to the lack of young trans actors working in Europe at the time of the pre-production, and described the film's portrayals as accurate.[17] Non-binary dancer Chase Johnsey found the film's focus on the protagonist's physicality to be consistent with his experience as a ballet dancer, and said, "The struggles that trans and gender-fluid people often have in the ballet world are with their body, because it's a body-oriented art form."[16] Phia Ménard, a French transgender director and performer, also found the film consistent with her experience, and the self-mutilation in the film comparable to teenage suicidal impulse.[16]

Netflix was reported to be working with GLAAD and considering adding a warning to accompany the film, which Dhont has said he would endorse.[38] In January 2019, The New York Times reported that Netflix had reached out to organisations for suggestions on how to word the warning.[22] In December 2018, Netflix organised a screening of the film in Los Angeles to which queer and trans people were invited.[44]

AccoladesEdit

Award Date of ceremony Category Recipient(s) and nominee(s) Result Ref(s)
Adelaide Film Festival 10–21 Oct 2018 Best Feature Film Girl Nominated [45]
Belgian Film Critics Association 20 December 2018 André Cavens Award for Best Film Girl Won [46]
Cannes Film Festival 8–19 May 2018 FIPRESCI Prize
Un Certain Regard
Girl Won [47]
Golden Camera Lukas Dhont Won
Queer Palm Girl Won
Un Certain Regard Jury Award for Best Performance Victor Polster Won
Un Certain Regard Girl Nominated
César Award 22 February 2019 Best Foreign Film Girl Nominated [48]
CPH PIX Film Festival 27 Set – 10 October 2018 Best New Talent Grand PIX Lukas Dhont Nominated [49]
European Film Awards 15 December 2018 Best Film Girl Nominated [50]
Best Actor Victor Polster Nominated
Best European Discovery Girl Won
Golden Globes Awards 6 January 2019 Best Foreign Language Film Nominated [51]
ICFF "Manaki Brothers" 22-29 Sep 2018 Golden Camera 300 Frank van den Eeden Nominated [52]
Jerusalem Film Festival 22-29 Sep 2018 International First Film Lukas Dhont Nominated [53]
Les Arcs European Film Festival 16–23 Dec 2017 TitraFilm Prize Won [54]
Lisbon Gay & Lesbian Film Festival 14-22 Sep 2018 Audience Award Girl Won [55]
Best Actor Victor Polster Won
London Film Festival 10–21 Oct 2018 Best First Feature Film Lukas Dhont Won [56]
Magritte Award 2 February 2019 Best Flemish Film Girl Won [57]
Best Actor Victor Polster Won
Best Supporting Actor Arieh Worthalter Won
Best Screenplay Lukas Dhont and Angelo Tijssens Won
Best Cinematography Frank van den Eeden Nominated
Best Production Design Philippe Bertin Nominated
Best Costume Design Catherine van Bree Nominated
Best Sound Yanna Soentjens Nominated
Best Editing Alain Dessauvage Nominated
Melbourne International Film Festival 2–19 Aug 2018 Best Narrative Feature Girl 7th place [58]
French National Center of Cinematography 30 November 2018 Best Film of the Year 1st place [59]
Odesa International Film Festival 13–21 Jul 2018 Best International Film Nominated [60]
Best Acting Victor Polster Won
Oostende Film Festival 7-15 Sep 2018 Best National Debut Lukas Dhont Won [61]
Palić Film Festival 14–20 Jul 2018 Best Film Girl Won [62]
Philadelphia Film Festival 18–28 Oct 2018 Best First Film Lukas Dhont Nominated [63]
Pingyao International Film Festival 11–20 Oct 2018 People's Choice Award Girl Won [64]
San Sebastián International Film Festival 21-29 Sep 2018 Best Film Won [65]
Best European Film Won
Seville European Film Festival 9–17 Nov 2018 Best LGBT Film
(Ocaña Award)
Nominated [66]
Stockholm Film Festival 7–18 Nov 2018 Best Film Nominated [67]
Best Actor Victor Polster Won
Thessaloniki Film Festival 1–11 Nov 2018 Best LGBTQI-themed Film Girl Nominated [68]
Zurich Film Festival Set 27 – 7 October 2018 Best International Feature Film Won [69]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "Girl" (in Dutch). Vlaams Audiovisueel Fonds. 3 July 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
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  33. ^ Rodriguez, Matthew (4 October 2018). "Netflix's 'Girl' Is Another Example of Trans Trauma Porn and Should Be Avoided At All Costs". Into. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
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  44. ^ Wiseman, Andreas (18 December 2018). "Oscar-Snubbed 'Girl' Director Lukas Dhont Responds To Tough Words From Trans Critics: 'The Biggest Strength Of Art Is Empathy'". Deadline. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
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  68. ^ "59th TIFF: The Closing Ceremony". TIFF. November 2018.
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External linksEdit