Céline Sciamma (French: [selin sjama]; born 12 November 1978) is a French screenwriter and film director. A common theme in Sciamma's films is the fluidity of gender and sexual identity among girls and women.
Sciamma in February 2017
|Born||12 November 1978|
|Alma mater||La Fémis|
Early life and educationEdit
Sciamma was raised in Cergy-Pontoise, a suburb outside of Paris. Her father, Dominique Sciamma, is a software designer, and her brother, Laurent Sciamma, is a stand-up performer and graphic designer.
Before attending La Fémis, the première French film school, Sciamma studied literature. As a child, she was an avid reader and became interested in film as a teenager. She wrote her first original script for Water Lilies as part of her final evaluation at La Fémis. Xavier Beauvois, who was chairman of the evaluation panel, and could be considered as her mentor, persuaded her to make the film. A year after finishing school, she began shooting the film in her hometown.
Sciamma's debut film, Water Lilies, was selected for screening in the section Un certain regard at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival. The film secured three nominations for the 2008 César Awards; Sciamma was nominated for the César Award for Best Debut, and actresses Adèle Haenel and Louise Blachère were both nominated for the César Award for Most Promising Actress.
Sciamma directed her first short film, Pauline, in 2009 as part of a government anti-homophobia campaign called ‘Five films against homophobia’.
Her 2011 film Tomboy was written and shot in a matter of months. Sciamma wrote the script in three weeks, completed casting in three weeks, and shot the film in 20 days. It premiered at the 61st Berlin International Film Festival in the Panorama section of the festival. The film was shown in French schools as part of an educational program.
Her 2014 film Girlhood was selected to be screened as part of the Directors' Fortnight section of the 2014 Cannes Film Festival. It also played at the 2014 Toronto International Film Festival and the 2015 Sundance Film Festival. In interviews, Sciamma said that Girlhood would be her last coming-of-age film and that she considered it, Water Lilies and Tomboy a trilogy.
Since 2015, Sciamma has served as the co-president of the SRF (Society of Film Directors).
In between directing her own films, Sciamma continues to work as a screenwriter for other directors. She was sought after by André Téchiné, whose work Sciamma admired as a youth, to co-write the screenplay for his 2016 film Being 17.
Sciamma's fourth feature film, Portrait of a Lady on Fire, began shooting in autumn 2018. It premiered In Competition at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival, where it won the Queer Palm and Best Screenplay.
Sciamma is a feminist. She was a founding member of the French branch of the 5050 by 2020 movement, a group of French film industry professionals advocating for gender parity in film by the year 2020.
Celine Sciamma uses her platform to speak about the restrictions of the male gaze and present movies that elevate the female gaze. 
In 2018, she co-organized and participated in the women's protest against inequality at the 2018 Cannes Film Festival alongside many notable women in film including Agnès Varda, Ava DuVernay, Cate Blanchett and Léa Seydoux.
Céline Sciamma is an out lesbian. In 2014, Adèle Haenel publicly acknowledged that she was in a relationship with Sciamma in her acceptance speech for her César award. The two had met on the set of the 2007 film Water Lilies and started dating sometime after. The couple parted ways, amicably, sometime before the 2018 filming of Portrait of a Lady on Fire, which Haenel starred in.
Sciamma frequently collaborates with Para One, who has scored all her films and directed scripts by Sciamma in the past.
She is noted for casting non-professional actors in her films. She also frequently casts actress Adèle Haenel, who appeared in Water Lilies, Pauline, and Portrait of a Lady on Fire.
Sciamma has said that fashion and style form an important part of characterization, which is why, though uncredited, she is often the costume designer for her films.
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- "Cannes Directors' Fortnight 2014 lineup unveiled". Screendaily. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
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- "Nouveau Conseil d'administration de la Société des réalisateurs de films 2017-2018". Retrieved 14 November 2018.
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- Nayeri, Farah. "Women Rally on Cannes Red Carpet to Highlight Gender Inequality". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
- Cotton, Johnny. "'Lady on Fire' by female promise Sciamma sets Cannes ablaze". Retrieved 21 May 2019.
- Willsher, Kim. "Polanski's 'Oscar' divides elite world of French cinema". Retrieved 3 March 2020.
- Robertson, Jessica (July 9, 2008). "Interview: Director Celine Sciamma Makes a Splash at Cannes with Water Lilies". GO. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
- Romney, Jonathen (4 December 2016). "Adele Haenel, Recycling cliches is a sign that a film lacks courage". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
- Erbland, Kate (December 5, 2019). "'Portrait of a Lady on Fire' Filmmaker Céline Sciamma Is Trying to Break Your Heart". IndieWire. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
- Barbier, Brigitte. "La directrice de la photographie Crystel Fournier, AFC, parle de son travail sur "Bande de filles", de Céline Sciamma". Retrieved 13 November 2018.
- Phillips, Mariah. "'GIRLHOOD' DIRECTOR CELINE SCIAMMA TALKS PARIS, FRIENDSHIP, AND COLORFUL STORYTELLING". Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- Dozol, Vincent. "CÈLINE SCIAMMA: THE FRENCH DIRECTOR WINNING OVER U.S. CRITICS". Retrieved 15 April 2020.
- Warbler, Daniel (2 June 2014). "THE OUT TAKE: 10 FANTASTIC TEDDY AWARD-WINNING LGBT FILMS TO WATCH RIGHT NOW". mtv.com. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- Aguilar, Carlos (February 12, 2020). "Love Dialogue: Céline Sciamma on Portrait of a Lady on Fire". RogerEbert.com.
- Brock, Jeremy (3 December 2019). "Screenwriters' Lecture Series 2019: Céline Sciamma". British Academy of Film and Television Arts.
- Musto, Michael (February 10, 2020). ""Portrait of a Lady on Fire" Director Céline Sciamma Says Being a Lesbian Is Her "Political Identity"". NewNowNext.
- Palmer, Tim; Michael, Charlie, eds. (2013). Directory of World Cinema: France. Bristol, United Kingdom: Intellect. ISBN 978-1-84150-563-3.
- Pollard, Alexandra (1 March 2020). "Portrait of a Lady on Fire director Céline Sciamma: 'Ninety per cent of what we look at is the male gaze'". The Independent.
- Soares, André (May 14, 2008). "'Water Lilies': Céline Sciamma Discusses Lesbian Teen Drama". Alt Film Guide.
- Taubin, Amy (November–December 2019). "Interview: Céline Sciamma". Film Comment.CS1 maint: date format (link)
- Wilson, Emma (Spring 2017). "Scenes of Hurt and Rapture: Céline Sciamma's Girlhood". Film Quarterly. 70 (3): 10–22. doi:10.1525/fq.2017.70.3.10. ISSN 0015-1386.
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