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"Gimme Shelter" is the opening track to the 1969 album Let It Bleed by the Rolling Stones. Although the first word was spelled "Gimmie" on that album, subsequent recordings by the band and other musicians have made "Gimme" the customary spelling. Greil Marcus, writing in Rolling Stone magazine at the time of its release, praising the song, stating that the band has "never done anything better."

"Gimme Shelter"
Song by The Rolling Stones
from the album Let It Bleed
Released 5 December 1969 (1969-12-05)
Recorded 23 February & 2 November 1969
Genre
Length 4:37
Label Decca Records/ABKCO
Songwriter(s) Jagger/Richards
Producer(s) Jimmy Miller
Audio sample

The recording features Richards playing in his new open tuning on electric guitar. The recording also features vocals by Merry Clayton. Lisa Fischer was later recruited to perform the song during concerts.

Contents

Inspiration and recordingEdit

"Gimme Shelter" was written by the Rolling Stones' lead vocalist Mick Jagger and guitarist Keith Richards, the band's primary songwriting team.[a] Richards began working on the song's signature opening riff in London whilst Jagger was away filming Performance. As released, the song begins with Richards performing a guitar intro, soon joined by Jagger's lead vocal. Of Let It Bleed's bleak world view, Jagger said in a 1995 interview with Rolling Stone magazine:

Well, it's a very rough, very violent era. The Vietnam War. Violence on the screens, pillage and burning. And Vietnam was not war as we knew it in the conventional sense. The thing about Vietnam was that it wasn't like World War II, and it wasn't like Korea, and it wasn't like the Gulf War. It was a real nasty war, and people didn't like it. People objected, and people didn't want to fight it ... That's a kind of end-of-the-world song, really. It's apocalypse; the whole record's like that.[2]

Similarly, on NPR in 2012:

It was a very moody piece about the world closing in on you a bit ... When it was recorded, early '69 or something, it was a time of war and tension, so that's reflected in this tune. It's still wheeled out when big storms happen, as they did the other week [during Hurricane Sandy]. It's been used a lot to evoke natural disaster.[3]

The recording features guest vocals by Merry Clayton, recorded at a last-minute late-night recording session during the mixing phase, arranged by her friend and record producer Jack Nitzsche.[4]

After the first verse, Merry Clayton enters and shares the next three verses. A harmonica solo by Jagger and guitar solo by Richards follow, then with great energy, Clayton repeatedly sings "Rape, murder! It's just a shot away! It's just a shot away!", almost screaming the final stanza. She and Jagger then repeat the line "It's just a shot away" and finish with repeats of "It's just a kiss away." When speaking of her inclusion in the recording, Jagger stated in the 2003 book According to the Rolling Stones: "The use of the female voice was the producer's idea. It would be one of those moment-s along the lines of 'I hear a girl on this track – get one on the phone.'"[4][5] Summoned—pregnant—from bed around midnight by producer Jack Nitzsche, Clayton made her recording with just a few takes then returned home to bed.[4] It remains the most prominent contribution to a Rolling Stones track by a female vocalist.[6]

At about 2:59 into the song, Clayton's voice cracks under the strain; once during the second refrain on the word "shot", then on the word "murder" during the third refrain, after which Jagger is faintly heard exclaiming "Woo!" in response to Clayton's powerful delivery.[7] Upon returning home she suffered a miscarriage, attributed by some sources to her exertions during the recording.[8] Merry Clayton's name was erroneously written on the original release, appearing as 'Mary'. Her name is also listed as 'Mary' on the 2002 Let It Bleed remastered CD.[9]

The song was first recorded in London at Olympic Studios in February and March 1969; the version with Clayton was recorded in Los Angeles at Sunset Sound Recorders and Elektra Studios in October and November of that same year. Nicky Hopkins played piano, the Rolling Stones' producer Jimmy Miller played percussion, Charlie Watts played drums, Bill Wyman played bass, Jagger played harmonica and sang backup vocals with Richards and Clayton. Guitarist Brian Jones was present during the early sessions but did not contribute, Richards being credited with both rhythm and lead guitars on the album sleeve.[citation needed]

For the recording, Richards used an Australian-made Maton SE777, a large single-cutaway hollowbody guitar, which he had previously used on "Midnight Rambler." Unfortunately, the guitar barely survived the recording before literally falling apart. "[O]n the very last note of 'Gimmie Shelter,'" Richards told Guitar World in 2002, "the whole neck fell off. You can hear it on the original take."[10]

Releases on compilation albums and live recordingsEdit

"Gimme Shelter" quickly became a staple of the Rolling Stones' live shows. It was first performed sporadically during their 1969 American Tour and became a regular addition to their setlist during the 1972 American Tour. Concert versions appear on the Stones' albums No Security (recorded 1997, released 1998),[11] Live Licks (recorded 2003, released 2004),[12] Brussels Affair (recorded 1973, released 2011),[13][14] and Sweet Summer Sun: Hyde Park Live (2013).[15] A May 1995 performance recorded at Paradiso (Amsterdam) was released as audio on the 1996 Saint of Me single, included in The Singles Collection 1971-2006 (45CD Box Set, 2011), and as video, on Totally Stripped Blu-Ray and DVD (2016).

The song appears in the 2010 official DVD release of the 1972 Rolling Stones tour film, Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones.[16] It is also featured on Bridges to Babylon Tour '97–98 (1998), Four Flicks (2003), The Biggest Bang (2007), Sweet Summer Sun: Hyde Park Live (2013), and The Rolling Stones: Havana Moon (2016).[17]

The female contributor to the song live is Lisa Fischer, the only woman to appear in all their tours since 1989.[18]

In their 2012 50th anniversary tour, the Rolling Stones sang this song with Mary J. Blige,[19] Florence Welch,[19] and Lady Gaga.[20][19]

"Gimme Shelter" was never released as a single. Nevertheless, it has been included on many compilation releases, including Gimme Shelter,[21] Hot Rocks 1964–1971,[22] Forty Licks[23] and GRRR!.[24]

Music videoEdit

Michel Gondry, an Academy Award-winning French filmmaker, directed a music video for the song, which was released in 1998. The video features a sixteen-year old Brad Renfro, playing a young man escaping with his brother from a dysfunctional home and the abuse they suffered at the hands of their abusive alcoholic father, and then from society as a whole.[25]

PersonnelEdit

The Rolling Stones

Additional personnel

AccoladesEdit

Greil Marcus, writing for Rolling Stone magazine at the time of the "Gimme Shelter"'s release stated that "[t]he Stones have never done anything better."[26] "Gimme Shelter" was placed at number 38 on Rolling Stone's list of "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time" in 2004. Pitchfork Media placed it at number 12 on its list of "The 200 Greatest Songs of the 1960s".[27] Ultimate Classic Rock put the song at number one on their Top 100 Rolling Stones songs [28] and number three on their Top 100 Classic Rock Songs [29]

In popular cultureEdit

"Gimme Shelter" has been played in a variety of movies and television shows/commercials. The 1970 documentary film Gimme Shelter, directed by Albert and David Maysles and Charlotte Zwerin,[30] chronicling the last weeks of the Stones' 1969 US tour and culminating in the disastrous Altamont Free Concert, took its name from the song.[31][32][33] A live version of the song played over the documentary's credits.[34]

According to WatchMojo.com, the song is ranked 9 among the "Top 10 Overused Songs In Movies And TV".[35]

Appearance Additional info Reference
American Red Cross "Play Your Part" public service advertising campaign in 1989 [36]
Gimme Shelter (2013) [37]
Goodfellas (1990) [38]
Casino (1995) [38]
The Departed (2006) [38]
Air America (1990) [39]
Wild Palms (1993) [40]
Layer Cake (2004) [38]
Flight (2012) [38]
Call of Duty: Black Ops Trailer for the video game [41][42]
The Simpsons Episode "Marge vs. Singles, Seniors, Childless Couples and Teens, and Gays", in a scene parodying Woodstock [43]
Nip/Tuck Season 4/episode 5 ("Dawn Budge") of the FX television series [44]
Life (NBC TV series) Episode 10, season 1 (season finale) in 2007
Heineken beer commercial Featuring Brad Pitt (2008)
'Person of Interest Season 2, episode 10 (2012)
The Daily Show (2013) [45]
Hockey Night in Canada (2013) [46]
20 Feet from Stardom [47]
Law & Order: Special Victims Unit (2014)
Covert Affairs Episode 10, season 2
ABC's coverage of the 2014 Indianapolis 500
The Gambler (2014) [48]
Supernatural Episode "Don't Call Me Shurley"

Cover versionsEdit

"Putting Our House in Order" projectEdit

In 1993, a Food Records project collected various versions of the track by the following bands and collaborations, the proceeds of which went to the Shelter charity's "Putting Our House in Order" homeless initiative. The versions were issued across various formats, and had a live version of the song by the Rolling Stones as a common lead track to ensure chart eligibility.[citation needed]

"Gimme Shelter" (pop version – cassette single)

"Gimme Shelter" (alternative version – CD single)

"Gimme Shelter" (rock version – CD single)

"Gimme Shelter" (dance version – 12" single)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Mick Jagger and Keith Richards writing team is commonly referred to as the "Glimmer Twins" and have occasionally been credited as such on releases, see Jagger/Richards.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ v.d. Luft, Eric (21 September 2009). Die at the Right Time!: A Subjective Cultural History of the American Sixties. Gegensatz Press. p. 410. ISBN 978-1-933237-39-8. 
  2. ^ Wenner, Jann. "Jagger Remembers" at the Wayback Machine (archived 18 May 2007), Rolling Stone (14 December 1995). Accessed 20 May 2007.
  3. ^ "Mick Jagger On The Apocalyptic 'Gimme Shelter'". November 16, 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Springer, Mike. "Mick Jagger Tells the Story Behind 'Gimme Shelter' and Merry Clayton's Haunting Background Vocals Open Culture". Openculture.com. Retrieved 2016-10-03. 
  5. ^ Jagger, Mick; Richards, Keith; Wood, Ronnie; Watts, Charlie (2003). According to the Rolling Stones. California: Chronicle Books. p. 117. ISBN 0811869679. 
  6. ^ Unterberger, Richie. "Gimme Shelter". allmusic.com (2007). Accessed 20 May 2007.
  7. ^ 20 Feet From Stardom - Gimme Shelter, 2016-02-12, retrieved 2017-09-03 
  8. ^ Snowden, Don (13 March 1986). "For Clayton, The Gloom Is Gone". Los Angeles Times. 
  9. ^ Jagger, M., Richards, K., “Let It Bleed." Album credits. 2002. CD.
  10. ^ "From the Archive: The Rolling Stones' Keith Richards Looks Back on 40 Years of Making Music". Guitar World. 6 January 2012. 
  11. ^ "No Security | The Rolling Stones". www.rollingstones.com. Retrieved 2017-09-03. 
  12. ^ "Live Licks - The Rolling Stones | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 2017-09-03. 
  13. ^ Harris, John (2011-11-22). "Why a Rolling Stones bootleg is one of my albums of the year". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-09-03. 
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  16. ^ Spitz, Marc. "Ladies and Gentlemen, the Rolling Stones Finally Gets the DVD Treatment". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2017-09-03. 
  17. ^ "Reviewed! The Rolling Stones - Havana Moon - Uncut". Uncut. 2016-09-20. Retrieved 2017-09-03. 
  18. ^ Ellis-Petersen, Hannah (2016-06-07). "Lisa Fischer on life in the shadows of the Stones and Tina Turner: 'I got used to keeping quiet'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-09-03. 
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External linksEdit