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Giovanni Luigi "Gianni" Brera (8 September 1919 – 19 December 1992) was an Italian sports journalist and novelist. This is a description by himself: "My real name is Giovanni Luigi Brera. I was born on 8 September 1919 at a San Zenone Po, in Pavia province, and grew up like a wild man among woods, river banks and still waters. [...] I am a Padan from the banks and flood plains, the bush and the sandbanks. I soon realized I was a legitimate son of the Po's".
|Born||Giovanni Luigi Brera|
8 September 1919
San Zenone al Po, Italy
|Died||19 December 1992 (aged 73)|
Brera was born in San Zenone al Po, near Pavia, the son of Carlo, a tailor, and Marietta Ghisoni. Among his ancestors was a Hungarian great-grandmother who married a Lombard sergeant of the Imperial Austrian Army.
He obtained his degree in Political Sciences at Pavia University in 1943, while on leave from his post as Lieutenant of the paratrooper division "Folgore". In late spring 1944 he joined the Italian Resistance movement and fought in the Ossola Valley. He took pride in having lived through World War II without ever shooting another human being.
In 1943 he married Rina Gramegna (a teacher, 1920–2000) and had four sons: Franco (1944-1944), Carlo (a painter, 1946–1994), Paolo (a novelist and journalist, 1949-), Franco (a musician, 1951-).
When he was discharged in 1945, he started working for La Gazzetta dello Sport (Italy's first sports daily), eventually becoming Editor-in-Chief in 1949, the youngest-ever Editor-in-Chief of a national newspaper in Italy.
Brera wrote for La Gazzetta dello Sport, Il Guerin Sportivo, Il Giorno, Il Giornale, La Repubblica and several other publications. His articles were translated into several European languages. He often referred to himself as "Gioannbrerafucarlo" (a reference to Italy's long-foregone system of including the father's name in a citizen's complete name).
He also wrote a number of books (handbooks, essays and fictional works), a theatre play, and a couple of radio plays.
Brera died at middle-way between Codogno and Casalpusterlengo, in 1992, from injuries suffered in a car accident: a car on the other side of the road crashed into his car, causing his death and of two other passengers.
Brera is considered to have been one of the most influential Italian sports journalists of the 20th century. In 2003, the monumental Arena Civica (stadium), built in Milan by Napoleon I of France in the early 19th century, was renamed Arena Gianni Brera.
Brera is widely credited for innovating Italian language, notably by creating a whole new terms for football (soccer), some of which have been adopted by other countries. The word libero (sweeper) for the third defender was coined by Brera. Famous nicknames he invented for Italian players include Abatino ("Little Abbot") for Gianni Rivera and Rombo di tuono ("Rolling Thunder") for Gigi Riva. He also nicknamed Silvio Berlusconi Il Cavaliere ("The Knight") after the businessman was awarded the Order of Merit for Labour.
Living and working in Milan, his claim to be a fan of Genoa football club caused some surprise. However, beside testifying Brera's love for the "heroic age" of Italian football (Genoa was Italy's first club and dominated the football championships until the early 1920s), it also proved instrumental in preventing him from being dragged into the rivalry between A.C. Milan and Inter. He could thus write about both teams without alienating the readership from both sides. "Vecchio Balordo" (Cranky Old One), a term still used today by Genoese tifosi, is a nickname he coined for the Genoa team. After Brera's death the original foundation charter of the Genoa Cricket and Football Club was found among his papers, and his family donated it to a museum in Genoa.
Apart from the imaginative lexicon, Brera was noteworthy for his rich style and very free usage of foreign or regional phrases. He spoke fluent French and Spanish, a little German and Latin, and some English.
- Atletica leggera. Scienza e poesia dell'orgoglio fisico. Milan, Sperling & Kupfer, 1949.
- Il sesso degli Ercoli. Milan, Rognoni, 1959.
- Io, Coppi. Milan, Vitagliano, 1960.
- Addio bicicletta. Milan, Longanesi, 1964. Other editions: Milan, Rizzoli, 1980; Milan, Baldini & Castoldi, 1997.
- Atletica leggera. Culto dell'uomo (with G. Calvesi). Milan, Longanesi, 1964.
- I campioni vi insegnano il calcio, Milan, Longanesi, 1965; also: Milan, Booktime, 2008.
- Coppa del mondo 1966. I protagonisti e la loro storia. Milan, Mondadori, 1966.
- Il corpo della ragassa. Milan, Longanesi, 1969. Also: Treviso, Editing, 2006.
- Il mestiere del calciatore. Milan, Mondadori, 1972; also: Milan, Booktime, 2008.
- La pacciada. Mangiarebere in pianura padana (with G. Veronelli). Milan, Mondadori, 1973.
- Po, Milano, Dalmine. 1973.
- Il calcio azzurro ai mondiali. Milan, Campironi, 1974.
- Incontri e invettive. Milan, Longanesi, 1974.
- Introduzione alla vita saggia. Milan, Sigurtà Farmaceutici, 1974.
- Storia critica del calcio italiano. Milan, Bompiani, 1975.
- L'Arcimatto. Milan, Longanesi, 1977.
- Naso bugiardo. Milan, Rizzoli, 1977. Published again with the original title La ballata del pugile suonato. Milan, Booktime, 2008.
- Forza azzurri. Milan, Mondadori, 1978.
- 63 partite da salvare. Milan, Mondadori, 1978.
- Suggerimenti di buon vivere dettati da Francesco Sforza pel figliolo Galeazzo Maria. A Publication of the Municipality of Milan, 1979.
- Una provincia a forma di grappolo d'uva (with Paolo Brera). Milan, Istituto Editoriale Regioni Italiane, 1979.
- Coppi e il diavolo. Milan, Rizzoli, 1981. Also: Milan, Baldini&Castoldi (ISBN 88-808-9071-9), 1996
- Gente di risaia. Aosta, Musumeci, 1981.
- Lombardia, amore mio. Lodi, Lodigraf, 1982.
- L'arciBrera. Como, Edizioni "Libri" della rivista "Como", 1990.
- La leggenda dei mondiali. Milan, Pindaro, 1990.
- Il mio vescovo e le animalesse. Milano, Bompiani, 1984. Also: Milan, Baldini & Castoldi, 1993.
- La strada dei vini in Lombardia (with G. Pifferi and E. Tettamanzi). Como, Pifferi, 1986.
- Genoa, amore mio. Milan, Ponte alle Grazie, 1992.
- Storie dei Lombardi. Milan, BookTime, 2011.
- L'Arcimatto 1960–1966. Milan, Baldini & Castoldi, 1993.
- La bocca del leone (l'Arcimatto II 1967-1973). Milan, Baldini & Castoldi, 1995.
- La leggenda dei mondiali e il mestiere del calciatore. Milan, Baldini & Castoldi, 1994.
- Il principe della zolla (a cura di Gianni Mura). Milan, Il Saggiatore, 1994.
- L'Anticavallo. Sulle strade del Tour e del Giro. Milan, Baldini & Castoldi, 1997.
- Caro vecchio balordo. La storia del Genoa dal 1893 a oggi (Fabrizio Calzia, editor). Genoa, De Ferrari, 2005.
- Un lombardo nel pallone. Milan, Excogita 2007.
- Il più bel gioco del mondo, Milan. BUR (Biblioteca Universale Rizzoli), 2007.
- L'abatino Berruti. Milan, BookTime, 2009.
- Suggerimenti di Francesco Sforza al figlio Gian Galeazzo. Milan, BookTime, 2009.
- Brambilla e la Squaw, with a note by Paolo Brera. Milan, Frassinelli, 2012.
- Introduzione alla vita saggia, prefaced by Carlo Verdone, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2014.
- Gioanfucarlo (biography), by Paolo Brera and Claudio Rinaldi, Milan, Boroli, 2004
- Com'era bello con Gianni Brera, by Andrea Maietti, Arezzo, Limina, 2002
- Gianni Brera, Treccani Encyclopedia article, by Claudio Rinaldi, at http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/gianni-brera_%28Dizionario-Biografico%29/.