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Sir Gerald David Nunes Nabarro (29 June 1913 – 18 November 1973) was a British businessman and latterly Conservative Party politician of the 1950s to 1970s.
|Sir Gerald Nabarro|
Nabarro in 1962
|Member of Parliament|
23 February 1950 – 15 October 1964
|Preceded by||Louis Tolley|
|Succeeded by||Tatton Brinton|
|Member of Parliament|
for South Worcestershire
31 March 1966 – 18 November 1973
|Preceded by||Peter Agnew|
|Succeeded by||Michael Spicer|
29 June 1913|
Willesden Green, London, England, UK
18 November 1973 (aged 60)|
Broadway, Worcestershire, England, UK
|Years of service||1930–1946|
|Battles/wars||Second World War|
Nabarro was born in Willesden Green, London, the son of an unsuccessful shopkeeper. He was born to a prominent Sephardi Jewish family but later converted to Christianity. Until age 14 he was educated at London County Council schools.
Nabarro left school at 14, and ran away from home into the Merchant Navy. He later enlisted in the British Army's King's Royal Rifle Corps in 1930, rising to the rank of staff sergeant instructor. After some self-education he was accepted for commissioning as an officer but believed he had insufficient private means and, having served his time, he was honourably discharged in 1937. He went into the timber-supply industry, where he made his fortune, able to later claim to have served in every grade from labourer to managing director.
He also served in the Territorial Army from 1937 and at the start of the Second World War, he was commissioned as an officer in the Royal Artillery. During the war he was seconded for special industrial production processes in the United Kingdom. He left full-time military service in favour of industrial employment in 1943 but remained on the Reserve of Officers until 1946.
Among many positions outside industry and parliament Nabarro was Governor of the University of Birmingham and Convocation Member at Aston University; President of the Road Passenger and Transport Association 1951–55, the Merseyside area of the National Union of Manufacturers 1956–62, the London branch of the Institute of Marketing 1968–70, and the British Direct Mail Marketing Association 1968–72.
He was also interested in the revival of the Severn Valley Railway (which was partly in his former Kidderminster constituency), the basis of two of his books, Severn Valley Steam and Steam Nostalgia. In early 1972 he persuaded the SVR, of which he became chairman, to allow him to raise the money to buy the line from Hampton Loade to Foley Park by means of a share issue in a newly created public limited company. The share issue took place but after SVR volunteers discovered he planned to sell the Bridgnorth railway station site for hotel and housing development and bring business friends from outside onto the board, it led to a threatened strike by the railway's volunteer staff and his proposals were thrown out at a heated AGM. Nabarro resigned from the board of directors in May 1973.
At the 1945 general election, Nabarro stood as the Conservative candidate in the Labour-held West Bromwich constituency. The seat was comfortably held by Labour's John Dugdale, with a swing of 18.6%, much higher than the national average of 10%.
Given a clean bill of health, he was selected as Conservative candidate for the safer constituency of South Worcestershire, neighbouring his old constituency, after the previous MP, Sir Peter Agnew, had retired. He duly won the seat in the 1966 general election, and represented it until he died in office in November 1973. No by-election was held after his death; the seat was still vacant when Parliament was dissolved on 8 February 1974 for the general election later that month.
Through his career he was the sponsor of various legislation, claiming credit for The Coroner's Act (1953), the Clean Air Act (1956), Thermal Insulation (Industrial Buildings) Act (1957), Oil Burners (Standards) Act (1960), and the introduction of government health warnings on cigarette packets in 1971. He unsuccessfully proposed an amendment to the Life Peerages Bill in 1958 that would have allowed hereditary peers to renounce their peerages and seek election to sit in the House of Commons. When Anthony Wedgwood-Benn, a Labour MP, sought to do that when forced to vacate his seat at the death of his father Viscount Stansgate in 1960, Nabarro was his chief Conservative supporter in the Commons and the two sponsored the Peerage Act of 1963 which was passed in time to enable Wedgwood-Benn to re-enter the Commons and the Earl of Home to do the same when he became Prime Minister in the same year as Sir Alec Douglas-Home.
Nabarro characterised himself as an old-style Tory: he opposed the European project as well as drugs, pop music, pornography and students. He was a supporter of capital punishment and backed Enoch Powell following the latter's "Rivers of Blood" speech. Even five years earlier, on 5 April 1963, while appearing on Any Questions?, he said, "How would you feel if your daughter wanted to marry a big buck nigger with the prospect of coffee-coloured grandchildren?", remarks which were excised from a repeat of the programme the following week. (Powell though had no problem with interracial marriage.)
Despite humble beginnings, he had the style of a conservative toff, sporting a Jimmy Edwards-style handlebar moustache, a booming baritone voice, and a fruity Terry-Thomas accent. He enjoyed driving, and owned the personalised number plates NAB 1 to 8, which he attached to his large garage of cars including three Daimlers. He considered that a Conservative candidate's car should be substantial but not too substantial and did not own Rolls-Royces or Bentleys.
Nabarro married on 1 June 1943 Joan Violet, elder daughter of Colonel Berhardt Basil von Brumsey im Thurn, DSO, of Winchester, a British Army officer of German ancestry. They had two sons and two daughters. Lady Nabarro, as she became after he was knighted, survived him.
On the night of 21 May 1971, Nabarro's car NAB 1 was seen to swerve at speed the wrong way round a roundabout at Totton, Hampshire. It was occupied by Nabarro and his company secretary, Margaret Mason. The police charged him as the driver, but Nabarro insisted it was his secretary, who agreed with his story. He was found guilty by a jury at Winchester Crown Court; the judge pronounced his behaviour "outrageous" and fined him £250. He announced his appeal on the court steps immediately afterwards, accompanied by his private secretary Christine Holman. He suffered two strokes in the following year and was cleared in the second trial. Many commentators of the time believed that the jury had brought in their verdict to spare Nabarro the horrors of a perjury trial.
(Sourced from Who's Who)
- Portrait of a Politician (memoir) – 1970
- Severn Valley Steam – 1971
- Steam Nostalgia – 1972
- Learners at Large – 1973
- Exploits of a Politician (memoir) – 1973
- Dictionary of National Biography, 1971–1980. Oxford University Press. 1986. ISBN 0-19-865208-9.Editors, Lord Blake and C. S. Nicholls. Article by Timothy O'Sullivan.
- The Guardian, Saturday 23 October 1999
- Who Was Who, 1971–1980. A. and C. Black. 1981. p. 573.
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 40. Oxford University Press. 2004. p. 98. ISBN 0-19-861390-3.
- Kelly's Handbook, 1951. Kelly's. p. 1524.
- "Santa and the Abominable Showman". Shropshire Star. 19 March 2015. p. 26.Severn Valley Railway Golden Jubilee Souvenir Supplement. "Abominable Showman" being Nabarro's nickname by opponents.
- Marshall, John (1989). The Severn Valley Railway. Newton Abbot: David St John Thomas. p. 183. ISBN 0-946537-45-3.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 257. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1981) . British Electoral Facts 1832–1980 (4th ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 99, 154. ISBN 0-900178-20-5.
- Sutherland, John (27 December 1999). "Sir Gerald and the roundabout". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
- Donald Thomas, Freedom's Frontier: Censorship in Modern Britain. John Murray, 2007 ISBN 071955733X (p.317)
- Chapman, Graham; Cleese, John; Gilliam, Terry; Idle, Eric; Jones, Terry; Palin, Michael (1989). Wilmut, Roger, ed. The Complete Monty Python's Flying Circus: All the Words, Volume One. New York, New York: Pantheon Books. pp. 316-318 (Appendix). ISBN 0-679-72647-0.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Gerald Nabarro
- Nabarro is mocked on the cover of Private Eye
- Critical article from The Guardian
- Portraits of Gerald Nabarro at the National Portrait Gallery, London
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Kidderminster
| Member of Parliament for South Worcestershire