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West Bromwich (UK Parliament constituency)

West Bromwich was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until 1974. It centred on West Bromwich, in the West Midlands. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post voting system.

West Bromwich
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1885–February 1974
Number of membersOne
Replaced byWest Bromwich East,
West Bromwich West
Created fromWednesbury

Contents

HistoryEdit

The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election. It was abolished for the February 1974 general election, when it was divided into West Bromwich East and West Bromwich West. Most of the original West Bromwich constituency formed the new West Bromwich East constituency, while the new West Bromwich West constituency consisted largely of Tipton and Wednesbury - both of which had been added to an expanded West Bromwich borough in 1966. In 1974, just after the February general election, the borough of West Bromwich ceased to exist when it merged with the short-lived County Borough of Warley (which was centred on Oldbury, Smethwick and Rowley Regis) to form Sandwell.

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1885: West Bromwich[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Horton Blades 3,988 55.7 N/A
Conservative Ernest Spencer 3,171 44.3 N/A
Majority 817 11.4 N/A
Turnout 7,159 81.8 N/A
Registered electors 8,749
Liberal win (new seat)
 
Ernest Spencer
General election 1886: West Bromwich[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Spencer 3,660 54.2 +9.9
Liberal Thomas James Moore[2] 3,091 45.8 −9.9
Majority 569 8.4 N/A
Turnout 6,751 77.2 −4.6
Registered electors 8,749
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +9.9

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: West Bromwich[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Spencer 4,474 56.6 +2.4
Liberal Thomas Lee Roberts[3] 3,429 43.4 −2.4
Majority 1,045 13.2 +4.8
Turnout 7,903 86.1 +8.9
Registered electors 9,174
Conservative hold Swing +2.4
General election 1895: West Bromwich[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Spencer Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: West Bromwich[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Spencer Unopposed
Conservative hold
 
Alfred Hazel
General election 1906: West Bromwich[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alfred Hazel 5,475 56.2 N/A
Conservative William Legge 4,259 43.8 N/A
Majority 1,216 12.4 N/A
Turnout 9,734 90.8 N/A
Registered electors 10,726
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election January 1910: West Bromwich[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Legge 5,672 53.5 +9.7
Liberal Alfred Hazel 4,937 46.5 −9.7
Majority 735 7.6 N/A
Turnout 10,609 93.9 +3.1
Registered electors 11,299
Conservative hold Swing +9.7
General election December 1910: West Bromwich[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Legge 5,010 50.0 −3.5
Liberal Alfred Hazel 5,008 50.0 +3.5
Majority 2 0.0 −7.0
Turnout 10,018 88.7 −5.2
Registered electors 11,299
Unionist hold Swing −3.5

A petition was lodged regarding this election but was later dismissed. The first count had Legge on 5,046 votes, while Hazel had 5,041 votes. A recount put Legge on 5,029 votes, while Hazel had 4,987 votes. Further scrutiny led to the above results.

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1918: West Bromwich[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Roberts 11,572 54.0 N/A
C Unionist William Legge 9,863 46.0 −4.0
Majority 1,709 8.0 N/A
Turnout 21,435 65.4 −23.3
Registered electors 32,777
Labour gain from Unionist Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Liberal candidate Alfred Hazel withdrew at the last minute

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General election 1922: West Bromwich[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Roberts 14,210 50.6 −3.4
Unionist Herbert Edgar Parkes 11,263 40.1 −4.9
Liberal Aneurin Edwards 2,622 9.3 N/A
Majority 2,947 10.5 +2.5
Turnout 28,095 85.7 +20.3
Registered electors 32,768
Labour hold Swing +0.8
General election 1923: West Bromwich [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Roberts 12,910 44.8 −5.8
Unionist Herbert Edgar Parkes 11,146 38.7 −1.4
Liberal Aneurin Edwards 4,749 16.5 +7.2
Majority 1,764 6.1 −4.4
Turnout 28,805 85.0 −0.7
Registered electors 33,898
Labour hold Swing −2.2
General election 1924: West Bromwich[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Roberts 15,384 51.6 +6.8
Unionist Henry Archibald Roger Graham 14,413 48.4 +9.7
Majority 971 3.2 −2.9
Turnout 29,797 86.5 +1.4
Registered electors 34,503
Labour hold Swing −1.5
General election 1929: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Roberts 19,621 52.1 +0.5
Unionist J I Chesshire 10,943 29.0 −19.4
Liberal William Ramage 7,119 18.9 N/A
Majority 8,678 23.1 +19.9
Turnout 37,683 83.1 −3.3
Registered electors 45,371
Labour hold Swing +10.0

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election 1931: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alexander Ramsay 17,729 45.71
Labour Frederick Roberts 17,204 44.36
Liberal William Ramage 3,851 9.93
Majority 525 1.35
Turnout 81.66
Conservative gain from Labour Swing n/a
General election 1935: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Roberts 19,113 51.26
Conservative Robert Ashton 18,175 48.74
Majority 938 2.52
Turnout 74.80
Labour gain from Conservative Swing n/a

Elections in the 1940sEdit

1941 West Bromwich by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Dugdale Unopposed n/a n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a
General election 1945: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Dugdale 27,979 69.9 +18.6
Conservative Gerald Nabarro 12,028 30.1 −18.6
Majority 15,951 39.8 +37.2
Turnout 40,007 72.5 −2.3
Labour hold Swing +18.6
  • Changes are calculated against the results of the 1935 general election, rather than the uncontested 1941 by-election

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1950: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Dugdale 31,564 65.40
Conservative William Ward 16,697 34.60
Majority 14,867 30.81
Turnout 82.84
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Dugdale 30,845 64.22
Conservative Gordon D Johnstone 17,186 35.78
Majority 13,659 28.44
Turnout 80.51
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Dugdale 26,242 61.80
Conservative Francis Dashwood 16,222 38.20
Majority 10,020 23.60
Turnout 70.21
Labour hold Swing
General election 1959: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Dugdale 26,702 57.4 −4.2
Conservative Anthony Hubert Windrum 19,809 42.6 +4.4
Majority 6,893 14.8 −8.8
Turnout 46,511 72.6 +2.4
Labour hold Swing −4.2

Elections in the 1960sEdit

1963 West Bromwich by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Maurice Foley 20,510 58.7 +1.3
Conservative George Hawkins 8,246 26.5 −16.1
Liberal N. R. W. Mawle 6,161 17.6 N/A
Majority 12,264 35.1 +20.3
Turnout 34,917
Labour hold Swing
General election 1964: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Maurice Foley 22,942 55.1
Conservative George Hawkins 18,664 44.9
Majority 4,278 10.3
Turnout 64.7
Labour hold Swing
General election 1966: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Maurice Foley 25,287 57.9 +2.8
Conservative George Hawkins 18,413 42.1 −2.8
Majority 6,874 15.7
Turnout 68.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1970: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Maurice Foley 23,412 55.2 −2.7
Conservative George Hawkins 18,976 44.8 +2.7
Majority 4,436 10.5
Turnout 62.07
Labour hold Swing
By-election 1973: West Bromwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Betty Boothroyd 15,907 53.21 −2.0
Conservative David Bell 7,582 25.36 −19.4
National Front Martin Webster 4,789 16.02 N/A
Independent Joshua Churchman 1,616 5.41 N/A
Majority 8,325 27.85
Turnout 29,894
Labour hold Swing

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 205. ISBN 9781349022984.
  2. ^ "The Parliamentary Election". Birmingham Daily Post. 2 July 1886. p. 7. Retrieved 14 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  3. ^ "Mr T. Lee Roberts". Greenock Telegraph and Clyde Shipping Gazette. 26 Dec 1891. p. 2. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  4. ^ Evening Despatch 16 Feb 1914
  5. ^ a b c d British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig