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Kidderminster (UK Parliament constituency)

Kidderminster was a parliamentary constituency in Worcestershire, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post voting system.

Kidderminster
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Kidderminster in Worcestershire, showing boundaries used from 1974-1983
CountyWorcestershire
Major settlementsKidderminster
19181983
Number of membersOne
Replaced byWyre Forest and Leominster[1]
18321918
Number of membersOne
Type of constituencyBorough constituency
Created fromWorcestershire

Contents

HistoryEdit

The borough of Kidderminster returned two members to Parliament in 1295, Walter Caldrigan and William Lihtfot, but not to any subsequent one.[2][3] From 1295 to 1832 Kidderminster had no separate representation from Worcestershire.

The constituency was created by the Reform Act 1832 for the 1832 general election and was abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was largely replaced by the new Wyre Forest constituency.

BoundariesEdit

1832–1868Edit

The Reform Act 1832 enfranchised Kidderminster as a parliamentary borough. The constituency comprised the township of Kidderminster Borough and part of the township of Kidderminster Foreign.[2] The Parliamentary Boundaries Act of the same year set out the boundaries in detail:

From the Point at or near Proud Cross at which the Boundary of the old Borough meets the Broomfield Road, along the Boundary of the old Borough, to the Point at which the Abberley Road meets the Black Brook; thence, Westward, along the Abberley Road to the first Point at which the same is met by a Hedge running due South therefrom; thence along the said Hedge to its Southern Extremity near a Stone Quarry; thence in a straight Line to the said Stone Quarry; thence in a straight Line to the First Mile Stone on the Bewdley Road; thence, Westward, along the Bewdley Road to the Point at which the same is joined by a Footpath leading to the Stourport Road; thence along the said Footpath to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the old Borough; thence, Southward, along the Boundary of the old Borough to the Point at which the same meets the South-eastern Fence of a Wood called "The Copse," situated on the Eastern Bank of the River Stour; thence along the said Fence to the Point at which the same meets Hoo Lane; thence across Hoo Lane, over a Stile called "Gallows Stile," along a Footpath leading from the said Stile to the Lane from Hoo Brook to Comberton Hill, to the Point at which the last-mentioned Footpath meets the Lane from Hoo-Brook to Comberton Hill; thence, Northward, along the Lane from Hoo-Brook to Comberton Hill to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the old Borough; thence, Northward, along the Boundary of the old Borough to the Point first described.[4]

1868–1918Edit

The Representation of the People Act 1867 (also known as the Second Reform Act) redrew parliamentary constituencies. The consequential Boundary Act of the following year extended the boundaries of the parliamentary borough. Three areas of the parish of Kidderminster and part of the parish of Wolverley were added.[5]

1918–1950Edit

The next change in constituency boundaries was carried out under the Representation of the People Act 1918. The parliamentary borough was abolished and a new Kidderminster constituency was created as a division of the parliamentary county of Worcestershire. It consisted of a wide area of northern Worcestershire, comprising the following local government districts:[2][6]

1950–1983Edit

The Representation of the People Act 1948 redrew constituencies throughout Great Britain: the revised boundaries were first used at the 1950 general election. The 1948 legislation also introduced the terms "borough constituency" and "county constituency".[2] The Bromsgrove and Redditch areas were formed into a separate Bromsgrove constituency, while the new Kidderminster County Constituency, now took much of north west Worcestershire. It was defined as follows:[7]

The boundaries were not altered at the next redistribution in 1970 and the seat remained unchanged until the 1983 general election, when constituencies were realigned to the administrative geography introduced in 1974. A new seat of Wyre Forest was formed centred on Kidderminster.[8]

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General Election 1841: Kidderminster [21][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Godson 212 51.5
Whig Samson Ricardo[22] 200 48.5
Majority 12 2.9
Turnout 412 85.5
Registered electors 482
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1847: Kidderminster [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Peelite Richard Godson Unopposed
Registered electors 548
Peelite gain from Conservative

Godson's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 5 September 1849: Kidderminster [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Best 217 52.0 N/A
Whig Thomas Gisborne[23] 200 48.0 N/A
Majority 17 4.1 N/A
Turnout 417 84.4 N/A
Registered electors 494
Conservative gain from Peelite Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General Election 1852: Kidderminster [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Robert Lowe 246 61.8 N/A
Conservative John Best 152 38.2 N/A
Majority 94 23.6 N/A
Turnout 398 80.4 N/A
Registered electors 495
Whig gain from Peelite Swing N/A

Lowe was appointed Vice-President of the Board of Trade, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 14 August 1855: Kidderminster [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Robert Lowe Unopposed
Whig hold
General Election 1857: Kidderminster [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Robert Lowe 234 61.6 −0.2
Conservative William Boycott[24] 146 38.4 +0.2
Majority 88 23.2 −0.4
Turnout 380 75.7 −4.7
Registered electors 502
Whig hold Swing −0.2
General Election 1859: Kidderminster [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alfred Rhodes Bristow 216 51.1 −10.5
Conservative John Walter Huddleston[3] 207 48.9 +10.5
Majority 9 2.1 −11.1
Turnout 423 86.9 +11.2
Registered electors 487
Liberal hold Swing −10.5

Elections in the 1860sEdit

Bristow resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 27 May 1862: Kidderminster [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Luke White 229 51.1 0.0
Conservative John Gilbert Talbot[25] 219 48.9 0.0
Majority 10 2.2 0.0
Turnout 448 90.9 +4.0
Registered electors 493
Liberal hold Swing 0.0
General Election 1865: Kidderminster [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Grant 285 51.4 +2.5
Liberal Luke White 270 48.6 −2.5
Majority 15 2.7 N/A
Turnout 555 90.7 +3.8
Registered electors 612
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +2.5
General Election 1868: Kidderminster [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Lea 1,262 61.1 +12.5
Conservative William Makins[26] 802 38.9 −12.5
Majority 460 22.3 N/A
Turnout 2,064 88.9 −1.8
Registered electors 2,323
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +12.5

Elections in the 1870sEdit

General Election 1874: Kidderminster [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Grant 1,509 51.9 +13.0
Liberal Thomas Lea 1,398 48.1 −13.0
Majority 111 3.8 N/A
Turnout 2,907 85.7 −3.2
Registered electors 3,394
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +13.0

The election was declared void on petition.

By-election, 1 Aug 1874: Kidderminster [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Fraser 1,651 55.6 +3.7
Liberal George Harris Lea[27] 1,318 44.4 −3.7
Majority 333 11.2 +7.4
Turnout 2,969 87.5 +1.8
Registered electors 3,394
Conservative hold Swing +3.7

Elections in the 1880sEdit

 
John Brinton
General Election 1880: Kidderminster [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Brinton 1,795 54.9 +6.8
Conservative Albert Grant 1,472 45.1 −6.8
Majority 323 9.9 N/A
Turnout 3,267 90.6 +4.9
Registered electors 3,606
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing 6.8

Immediately following the election, upon discovering his election agent had been reported for bribery at a previous election, Brinton resigned to seek re-election at a by-election.

By-election, 8 May 1880: Kidderminster [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Brinton Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1885: Kidderminster [28][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Brinton 2,172 51.9 −3.0
Conservative Augustus Godson 2,014 48.1 +3.0
Majority 158 3.8 −6.1
Turnout 4,186 92.9 +2.3
Registered electors 4,506
Liberal hold Swing −3.0
 
Blunt
General Election 1886: Kidderminster [28][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Augustus Godson 2,081 53.7 +5.6
Liberal Wilfrid Scawen Blunt 1,796 46.3 −5.6
Majority 285 7.4 N/A
Turnout 3,877 86.0 −6.9
Registered electors 4,506
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +5.6

Elections in the 1890sEdit

 
Richard Eve
General Election 1892: Kidderminster [28][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Augustus Godson 2,066 53.4 −0.3
Liberal Richard Eve 1,801 46.6 +0.3
Majority 265 6.8 −0.6
Turnout 3,867 91.3 +5.3
Registered electors 4,236
Conservative hold Swing −0.3
General Election 1895: Kidderminster [28][29][30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Augustus Godson 2,008 54.0 +0.6
Liberal Richard Eve 1,713 46.0 −0.6
Majority 295 8.0 +1.2
Turnout 3,721 88.7 −2.6
Registered electors 4,195
Conservative hold Swing +0.3

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General Election 1900: Kidderminster [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Augustus Godson 1,950 51.9 −2.1
Liberal Edmund Barnard 1,804 48.1 +2.1
Majority 146 3.8 −4.2
Turnout 3,754 87.5 −1.2
Registered electors 4,289
Conservative hold Swing −2.1
 
E.B.Barnard
General Election 1906: Kidderminster [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edmund Barnard 2,354 53.1 +5.0
Conservative Stanley Baldwin 2,083 46.9 −5.0
Majority 271 6.2 N/A
Turnout 4,437 94.5 +7.0
Registered electors 4,697
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.0

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General Election January 1910: Kidderminster [28][31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eric Knight 2,353 54.3 +7.4
Liberal Edward Fraser 1,984 45.7 −7.4
Majority 369 8.6 N/A
Turnout 4,337 94.7 +0.2
Registered electors 4,579
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +7.4
General Election December 1910: Kidderminster [28][31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eric Knight 2,188 52.2 −2.1
Liberal Edmund Barnard 2,003 47.8 +2.1
Majority 185 4.4 −4.2
Turnout 4,191 91.5 −3.2
Registered electors 4,579
Conservative hold Swing −2.1

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Kidderminster[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Eric Knight 13,497 58.0 +5.8
Labour John Baker 9,760 42.0 N/A
Majority 3,737 16.0 +11.6
Turnout 23,257 58.4 −33.1
Registered electors 39,798
Unionist hold Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General Election 1922: Kidderminster[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Wardlaw-Milne 19,711 68.2 +10.2
Labour John Hutchinson Bruce 9,203 31.8 −10.2
Majority 10,508 36.4 +20.4
Turnout 28,914 70.0 +11.6
Registered electors 41,286
Unionist hold Swing +10.2
 
Purchase
General Election 1923: Kidderminster[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Wardlaw-Milne 15,469 53.1 −15.1
Liberal Henry Purchase 9,663 33.2 N/A
Labour Louis Toley 3,990 13.7 −18.1
Majority 5,806 19.9 −16.5
Turnout 29,122 69.4 −0.6
Registered electors 41,939
Unionist hold Swing +1.5
General Election 1924: Kidderminster[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Wardlaw-Milne 18,040 59.1 +6.0
Labour J. Clifford Leigh 6,792 22.3 +8.6
Liberal Henry Purchase 5,667 18.6 −14.6
Majority 11,248 36.8 +16.9
Turnout 30,499 71.3 +1.9
Registered electors 42,770
Unionist hold Swing −1.3
General Election 1929: Kidderminster[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Wardlaw-Milne 21,643 48.1 −11.0
Labour Frank G. Lloyd 12,246 27.3 +5.0
Liberal John William Hughes 11,050 24.6 +6.0
Majority 9,397 20.8 −16.0
Turnout 44,939 75.6 +4.3
Registered electors 59,421
Unionist hold Swing −8.0

Elections in the 1930sEdit

 
Stephen
General Election 1931: Kidderminster[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Wardlaw-Milne 33,359 77.3 +29.1
Labour Jessie Stephen 9,814 22.7 -4.5
Majority 23,545 54.6 +33.5
Turnout 43,173 69.0
Conservative hold Swing +16.8
General Election 1935: Kidderminster[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Wardlaw-Milne 28,494 69.5 -7.7
Labour Charles Coombes 12,485 30.5 +7.7
Majority 16,009 39.0 -15.5
Turnout 40,979 60.2 -8.9
Conservative hold Swing -7.8

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General Election 1945: Kidderminster[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Louis Tolley 34,421 55.8 +25.3
Conservative John Wardlaw-Milne 27,272 44.2 -25.3
Majority 7,149 11.6 N/A
Turnout 61,693 70.7 +10.5
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +25.3

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General Election 1950: Kidderminster[33][34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gerald Nabarro 22,950 49.96 +5.75
Labour Louis Tolley 19,145 41.67 -14.12
Liberal John Maurice Eccles 3,844 8.37 N/A
Majority 3,805 8.28 N/A
Turnout 45,939 84.08 +13.37
Registered electors 56,640
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +9.94
General Election 1951: Kidderminster[35][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gerald Nabarro 25,483 55.63 +5.67
Labour IA Jack Williams 20,325 44.37 +2.70
Majority 5,158 11.26 +2.98
Turnout 45,808 83.02 -1.06
Registered electors 55,179
Conservative hold Swing +1.49
General Election 1955: Kidderminster[37][38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gerald Nabarro 26,142 59.33 +3.70
Labour IA Jack Williams 17,918 40.67 -3.70
Majority 8,341 18.67 +7.41
Turnout 38,307 81.07 -1.95
Registered electors 47,254
Conservative hold Swing +3.70
General Election 1959: Kidderminster[39][40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gerald Nabarro 27,699 60.14 +0.81
Labour Joan Tomlinson 18,356 39.86 -0.81
Majority 9,343 20.29 +1.62
Turnout 46,055 79.10 -1.97
Registered electors 58,223
Conservative hold Swing +0.81

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General Election 1964: Kidderminster[41][42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tatton Brinton 24,425 50.75 -9.41
Labour George W Jones 17,571 36.51 -3.35
Liberal Lionel A King 5,824 12.10 N/A
British and Commonwealth Party Miles S Blair 310 0.64 N/A
Majority 6,854 14.24 -6.05
Turnout 48,130 79.41 +0.31
Registered electors 60,606
Conservative hold Swing -3.03
General Election 1966: Kidderminster[43][44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tatton Brinton 24,628 51.99 +1.24
Labour John W Wardle 21,451 45.28 +8.77
Independent Reginald Smith 1,292 2.73 N/A
Majority 3,177 6.71 -7.53
Turnout 47,371 75.57 -3.84
Registered electors 62,688
Conservative hold Swing -3.77

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General Election 1970: Kidderminster[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tatton Brinton 27,667 51.75
Labour Graham F Smith 18,297 34.22
Liberal H H Brian Lamb 7,502 14.03
Majority 9,370 17.53
Turnout 73.84
Conservative hold Swing
General Election, February 1974: Kidderminster[1][46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Esmond Bulmer 27,065 42.50 -9.25
Labour Reginald Herbert John Jones 18,380 28.87 -5.35
Liberal Anthony John Batchelor 18,230 28.63 +14.60
Majority 8,685 13.64 -3.89
Turnout 63,675 81.22 +7.38
Conservative hold Swing
General Election, October 1974: Kidderminster[1][47]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Esmond Bulmer 25,602 43.27 +0.77
Labour Reginald Herbert John Jones 18,833 31.83 +2.96
Liberal Anthony John Batchelor 14,733 24.90 -3.73
Majority 6,769 11.44 -2.20
Turnout 59,168 74.95 -6.27
Conservative hold Swing -1.10
General Election 1979: Kidderminster[1][48]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Esmond Bulmer 33,523 53.74 +10.47
Labour Tony Wright 17,871 28.65 -3.18
Liberal Garrett Adams 9,939 15.93 -8.97
National Front Albert Charles Luckman 1,052 1.69
Majority 15,652 25.09 +13.65
Turnout 62,385 77.56 +2.61
Conservative hold Swing +6.82

ReferencesEdit

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  3. ^ a b c Williams, William Retlaw (1897). The parliamentary history of the county of Worcester : including the city of Worcester, and the boroughs of Bewdley, Droitwich, Dudley, Evesham, Kidderminster, Bromsgrove and Pershore, from the earliest times to the present day, 1213-1897, with biographical and genealogical notices of the members. Hereford: Privately published for the author. pp. 185–190. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
  4. ^ Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 c.64, Schedule O
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  24. ^ "Election Riot at Kidderminster". Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper. 5 April 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  25. ^ "Election for the Borough of Kidderminster". Worcestershire Chronicle. 28 May 1862. p. 2. Retrieved 19 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  26. ^ "To the Electors of the Borough of Kidderminster". Worcestershire Chronicle. 15 July 1868. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 19 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
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  31. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
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  35. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1951". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
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  37. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1955". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
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  39. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1959". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
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  41. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
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  43. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
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  45. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1970". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  46. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results February 1974". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  47. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results October 1974". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  48. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1979". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 23 March 2016.

SourcesEdit