Kidderminster (UK Parliament constituency)
Kidderminster was a parliamentary constituency in Worcestershire, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post voting system.
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
Kidderminster in Worcestershire, showing boundaries used from 1974-1983
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Wyre Forest and Leominster|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
The borough of Kidderminster returned two members to Parliament in 1295, Walter Caldrigan and William Lihtfot, but not to any subsequent one. From 1295 to 1832 Kidderminster had no separate representation from Worcestershire.
The Reform Act 1832 enfranchised Kidderminster as a parliamentary borough. The constituency comprised the township of Kidderminster Borough and part of the township of Kidderminster Foreign. The Parliamentary Boundaries Act of the same year set out the boundaries in detail:
From the Point at or near Proud Cross at which the Boundary of the old Borough meets the Broomfield Road, along the Boundary of the old Borough, to the Point at which the Abberley Road meets the Black Brook; thence, Westward, along the Abberley Road to the first Point at which the same is met by a Hedge running due South therefrom; thence along the said Hedge to its Southern Extremity near a Stone Quarry; thence in a straight Line to the said Stone Quarry; thence in a straight Line to the First Mile Stone on the Bewdley Road; thence, Westward, along the Bewdley Road to the Point at which the same is joined by a Footpath leading to the Stourport Road; thence along the said Footpath to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the old Borough; thence, Southward, along the Boundary of the old Borough to the Point at which the same meets the South-eastern Fence of a Wood called "The Copse," situated on the Eastern Bank of the River Stour; thence along the said Fence to the Point at which the same meets Hoo Lane; thence across Hoo Lane, over a Stile called "Gallows Stile," along a Footpath leading from the said Stile to the Lane from Hoo Brook to Comberton Hill, to the Point at which the last-mentioned Footpath meets the Lane from Hoo-Brook to Comberton Hill; thence, Northward, along the Lane from Hoo-Brook to Comberton Hill to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the old Borough; thence, Northward, along the Boundary of the old Borough to the Point first described.
The Representation of the People Act 1867 (also known as the Second Reform Act) redrew parliamentary constituencies. The consequential Boundary Act of the following year extended the boundaries of the parliamentary borough. Three areas of the parish of Kidderminster and part of the parish of Wolverley were added.
The next change in constituency boundaries was carried out under the Representation of the People Act 1918. The parliamentary borough was abolished and a new Kidderminster constituency was created as a division of the parliamentary county of Worcestershire. It consisted of a wide area of northern Worcestershire, comprising the following local government districts:
- The municipal borough of Kidderminster
- Bromsgrove Urban District
- North Bromsgrove Urban District
- Redditch Urban District
- Bromsgrove Rural District
- Kidderminster Rural District
The Representation of the People Act 1948 redrew constituencies throughout Great Britain: the revised boundaries were first used at the 1950 general election. The 1948 legislation also introduced the terms "borough constituency" and "county constituency". The Bromsgrove and Redditch areas were formed into a separate Bromsgrove constituency, while the new Kidderminster County Constituency, now took much of north west Worcestershire. It was defined as follows:
- The boroughs of Bewdley and Kidderminster
- The urban district of Stourport on Severn
- The rural districts of Kidderminster, Martley and Tenbury
The boundaries were not altered at the next redistribution in 1970 and the seat remained unchanged until the 1983 general election, when constituencies were realigned to the administrative geography introduced in 1974. A new seat of Wyre Forest was formed centred on Kidderminster.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|Year||1st Member||2nd member|
|1295||Walter Caldrigan||William Lihtfot|
Note A: ^ Grant was granted the title of baron in the Italian nobility by Victor Emmanuel II in 1868, and styled himself "Baron Albert Grant" thereafter. His election in 1874 was overturned on petition.
Elections in the 1840sEdit
|Peelite gain from Conservative|
Godson's death caused a by-election.
|Conservative gain from Peelite||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Whig gain from Peelite||Swing||N/A|
Lowe was appointed Vice-President of the Board of Trade, requiring a by-election.
|Liberal||Alfred Rhodes Bristow||216||51.1||−10.5|
|Conservative||John Walter Huddleston||207||48.9||+10.5|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
Bristow resigned, causing a by-election.
|Conservative||John Gilbert Talbot||219||48.9||0.0|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+2.5|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+12.5|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+13.0|
The election was declared void on petition.
|Liberal||George Harris Lea||1,318||44.4||−3.7|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||6.8|
Immediately following the election, upon discovering his election agent had been reported for bribery at a previous election, Brinton resigned to seek re-election at a by-election.
|Liberal||Wilfrid Scawen Blunt||1,796||46.3||−5.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+5.6|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.0|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+7.4|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Eric Knight
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Labour||John Hutchinson Bruce||9,203||31.8||−10.2|
|Labour||J. Clifford Leigh||6,792||22.3||+8.6|
|Labour||Frank G. Lloyd||12,246||27.3||+5.0|
|Liberal||John William Hughes||11,050||24.6||+6.0|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
General Election 1939/40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
- Conservative: John Wardlaw-Milne
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+25.3|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Liberal||John Maurice Eccles||3,844||8.37||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+9.94|
|Labour||IA Jack Williams||20,325||44.37||+2.70|
|Labour||IA Jack Williams||17,918||40.67||-3.70|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour||George W Jones||17,571||36.51||-3.35|
|Liberal||Lionel A King||5,824||12.10||N/A|
|British and Commonwealth Party||Miles S Blair||310||0.64||N/A|
|Labour||John W Wardle||21,451||45.28||+8.77|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour||Graham F Smith||18,297||34.22|
|Liberal||H H Brian Lamb||7,502||14.03|
|Labour||Reginald Herbert John Jones||18,380||28.87||-5.35|
|Liberal||Anthony John Batchelor||18,230||28.63||+14.60|
|Labour||Reginald Herbert John Jones||18,833||31.83||+2.96|
|Liberal||Anthony John Batchelor||14,733||24.90||-3.73|
|National Front||Albert Charles Luckman||1,052||1.69|
- "'Kidderminster', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.2: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 845. ISBN 0-86193-127-0.
- Williams, William Retlaw (1897). The parliamentary history of the county of Worcester : including the city of Worcester, and the boroughs of Bewdley, Droitwich, Dudley, Evesham, Kidderminster, Bromsgrove and Pershore, from the earliest times to the present day, 1213-1897, with biographical and genealogical notices of the members. Hereford: Privately published for the author. pp. 185–190. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 c.64, Schedule O
- The Public General Acts 1868. London: HMSO. 1868. p. 165. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- Representation of the People Act 1918, Ninth Schedule: Redistribution of Seats
- Representation of the People Act 1948 c.65, First Schedule, Parliamentary Constituencies
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983/417)
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- "Richard Godson". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. University College London. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 172. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- "The Elections". Worcestershire Chronicle. 4 August 1847. p. 4. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Groom, Richard (2010). "The Conduct of Parliamentary Elections in Kidderminster 1832-1880" (PDF). Worcester Research and Publications. University of Worcester. p. 151. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- "Kidderminster Election". Cambridge Independent Press. 1 September 1849. p. 3. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Callaghan, Peter; Gillin, Edward (2016). Edexcel A Level History, Paper 3: Protest, agitation and parliamentary reform c1780–1928 Student Book + ActiveBook (Edexcel GCE History 2015) (PDF). Pearson Education. p. 21. ISBN 978-1447985426. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
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- Thomas Seccombe, rev. Michael Reed (2004). "Grant, Albert , Baron Grant in the Italian nobility (1831–1899)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 17 December 2009.
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|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "District News". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 3 July 1841. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 11 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Hereford Journal". 5 September 1849. p. 3. Retrieved 11 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Riot at Kidderminster". Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper. 5 April 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election for the Borough of Kidderminster". Worcestershire Chronicle. 28 May 1862. p. 2. Retrieved 19 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "To the Electors of the Borough of Kidderminster". Worcestershire Chronicle. 15 July 1868. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 19 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Kidderminster". County Express; Brierley Hill, Stourbridge, Kidderminster, and Dudley News. 17 October 1874. p. 3. Retrieved 2 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1950". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1951". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1955". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1959". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1970". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results February 1974". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results October 1974". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1979". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 1)