Georges Ferréol Vuitton

Georges Ferréol Vuitton (13 July 1857 – 26 October 1936) as the only child of (French designer and trunk maker for Empress Eugénie de Montijo.[1])[2] Louis Vuitton (4 August 1821 – 27 February 1892) and Clemence-Emilie Vuitton[3], who succeeded his father after his death as the head of the brand Louis Vuitton which is now a brand under the umbrella of the parent company LVMH. Georges is commonly known for his creation of the widely used LV monogram canvas print, created in homage to his father and to also combat counterfeits. He is also known for making the Louis Vuitton available to purchase internationally.[2] His son Gaston Louis Vuitton (1883– 1970) took over the brand after his death in 1936, becoming the third generation of Vuitton men to head the brand[4]

Georges Ferréol Vuitton
Born13 July 1857
Died4 August 1936
NationalityFrench
OccupationDesigner and head of louis vuitton
OrganizationLouis Vuitton
PredecessorLouis Vuitton (father)
SuccessorGaston Vuitton (son)
Spouse(s)Josephine Vuitton née Patrelle
ChildrenMarie Louise, Gaston Louis, Jean, Pierre, Marcel Vuitton
Parent(s)
  • Clemence-Emilie Vuitton (mother)

Early lifeEdit

When the French designer Louis Vuitton (son of Trunk maker Xavier Vuitton and Corrine Gaillard from the Jura region of Eastern France[1]) was 35 years old, his wife Clemence-Emilie Vuitton gave birth to their first son and child Georges Ferreol Vuitton on 13 July 1857 in Asnières-sur-Seine where the brand Louis Vuitton was based[1], until the end of the Franco-Prussian War when the original Vuitton main trunk manufacturing workshop was completely destroyed forcing the young family to move to Paris in 1871 where Georges subsequently lived[5][1]. Georges was the only child of Louis and Clemence-Emilie Vuitton and quickly began learning the trade his Father practiced- Trunk making for Louis Vuitton[1]. Louis and Clemence-Emilie Georges to school in Jersey to learn to speak English as Louis was not comfortable speaking English to his wealthy clients.[4]. After Louis Vuitton died aged 70 years old on 27 February 1892, and then his son Georges took over as the head of the luxury trunk and bag making business and was the first Vuitton man to bring the brand out of France and onto the global stage by showing it off at the Chicago World Fair in 1893.[2]

CareerEdit

Throughout Georges Ferréol Vuitton's life as the head of Louis Vuitton, he created and changed many aspects of the brand aiding it in becoming as successful as it is today as one of the most popular French luxury brands, and one of the most successful companies owned by parent company LVMH. Georges was the first to bring the brand to the global scene.[5], created the LV monogram canvas[4], the Car trunk, innovated locks to become the Tumbler lock[3], started the Le Voyage book series and began giving VIP trunk Vuitton gifts to their most loyal of customers[6]

LV Monogram CanvasEdit

Due to the popularity of the brand, many counterfeit products sprung up around France being sold for much cheaper prices reflecting the poor quality with which they were made. Due to this in 1896, in response Georges decides to create a complicated pattern that would cover his trunks[7] and decrease the amount of counterfeits being made due to the difficult nature of creating the pattern[6]. This resulted in the creation of the LV monogram canvas both a push back on fakes and a homage to his father Louis Vuitton[6]. This canvas is covered with diamonds, the LV logo, flowers and quatrefoils[5] and other shapes that have become a key part of the brands image[7]. Despite its creation in 1896, it was not until 1905 that the patent for the LV monogram canvas was permitted[6].

 
Georges' father Louis Vuitton, founder of the luxury brand.

1897– Car TrunkEdit

 
The LV monogram canvas developed by Georges Vuitton. Both a tribute to his father and the brand and to curb the production of fakes.

A large part of Georges Ferréol Vuitton's life was his love of automobiles and traveling in them[6][8], and it became an essential point of the Louis Vuitton trunk's and how the brand strategised the innovation and creation of them. Georges saw the many trunks were being made without the idea of them being put into automobiles in mind and he wanted to innovate and change this[8]. He decided that a traveller should be able to travel in a car with the same amount that one would be able to bring on a boat or a train so he ventured to create a more sturdy and space efficient trunk than was previously manufactured[6]. Georges' solution was to use new materials he had not previously used to create their trunks including a black water proof cloth that coated every trunk to ensure durability[5], furthermore Louis Vuitton decided to bevel each closure of the trunk making the new trunks not as susceptible the issues that rain and dust presented.[6] Georges understood that in traveling in a car, the trunks need to be stacked on top of each other to use space efficiently, so he revolutionized the creation of trunks by squaring the edges and with flat tops and bottoms[8], making them perfect for stacking rather than the typical rounded edges that was common for the time[7][8]. In doing so Vuitton bought the frame of an automobile (car chassis)[8] so that he could create his own car and he entrusted this mission to multiple different bodybuilders of cars such as Labourdette, Rothschild and Janteaud[6][8]. He commissioned them to create an automobile that he could then use to match and design his own car trunks[1]. In the year of 1897, Georges Ferréol Vuitton presented the first prototype of the new trunk that he had created- the Car trunk[8]. He presented his prototype and ideas at multiple automobile trade shows[6]. During George Ferréol's reign over Louis Vuitton, he also created many other trunks such as the 'Perfect Trunk' for men's changing rooms, and the Louis Vuitton Aero Trunk[9] in 1921 to accompany the creation of Helicopter prototypes by his twin sons Jean and Pierre.[9]

The Tumbler LockEdit

In the late 1800s and early 1900's, most travellers used trunks which were the main produce of Louis Vuitton.[5]. Unfortunately trunks mostly had an easy lock to pick by burglars who recognized the expensive Louis Vuitton trunks and what may possibly be kept inside by its wealthy owner.[3] To combat this Georges and his father Louis in 1886 decided to innovate the lock and create a brand new one[1][4]. After many years Georges was finally able to patent a lock that was so difficult to pick him and Louis Vuitton invited Harry Houdini[4][5] to attempt to escape from a Louis Vuitton trunk which had been made with the new lock[7]. Despite Houdini not accepting the challenge, the lock is still effective at its job and the same patented lock is used by Louis Vuitton today in all its trunks[7]. The new lock was coined the revolutionary new 'Tumbler Lock' and contains two spring buckles[6]

VIP Gifts – Trunk VuittonEdit

As with most luxury brands, Louis Vuitton does not offer discount prices or rebates to its customers at all, whether they be new or regular customers. Rather than doing this Georges and his eldest son Gaston-Louis chose to be more generous by gifting loyal and continuing customers with mini Louis Vuitton trunks.[6]. The trunks could not be bought or ordered but were gifts given at the choosing of Georges and were delivered to the client's home. The trunks were covered in the typical LV monogram canvas and began in around 1910. Inside the canvases, Vuitton would put a bouquet of fresh flowers inside[6]. The inside of the trunk would contain a zinc tray so as to prevent any damage from water or moisture from the flowers. Receiving these gifts was considered an honor as they were exclusive and could not be bought[4]. After the flowers died Georges allowed the recipient of the gift to choose how the trunk be recycled- whether it be for sewing material or as a cigarette box he did not care[6]. Louis Vuitton no longer practices this as the brand has a much larger clientele then it did previously and continuing to do this would be expensive. Flower trunks however are still available as part of their hard-sided collection which can be purchased in-store. [4]

Louis Vuitton Book- Le VoyageEdit

During George's tenure at the helm of Louis Vuitton, he began what is now a large part of Louis Vuitton's marketing: Le Voyage books. George created the first travel book published by Louis Vuitton, which has now turned into a 30 city strong collection of travel guides including San Francisco, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Cape Town, Berlin and Amsterdam[10], and a matching mobile app has also been created[11]. Georges' book was published only in French in 1901 and centered on Paris, with 3 original editions existing each at a length of 294 pages[4]. It is incredibly rare, and has dimensions of 165mm x 255mm, and has a preface written by French Journalist and Anarchist, Émile Gautier, it's caption translated into English being "From the most remote times to the present day"[12]. The cover of the book was illustrated and signed by French painter and illustrator Charles Henri Pille (1844–1897) depicting a nineteenth-century love of the Middle Ages, and showing Vuitton as trunk makers.[12]

 
This Champs-Elyseés store was opened under the reign of Georges Vuitton. Coco Chanel was a patron of the store.

Personal and Family lifeEdit

Despite a busy work life heading the now global luxury leather goods brand Louis Vuitton, Georges Vuitton married Josephine Patrelle (1863 -1964)[13][1] and they were married until his death in 1936. Georges and Josephine had five children together including one daughter and four sons two of whom were twins (Jean and Pierre)[4]. Their children (in chronological order) were Marie Louise, Gaston Louis born on 30 January 1883 (Who took over the brand after Georges death making him the third generation of Vuitton men to be the head of the brand), the twins Jean and Pierre and their youngest son Marcel Vuitton[13]. In 1893, a year after founder Louis Vuitton died, Georges and a relative Henry traveled to the United States by boat passing through Ellis Island immigration[14] to travel to the Chicago World Fair to show off their luxury leather goods[5], making it the first time that Louis Vuitton products were to be displayed and sold outside of France. Records show that Georges and Henry travelled multiple times to the United States passing through the Ellis Island Immigration stop entering the country again in 1897[14].

Whilst he was still alive, Georges' middle children who are twins, Jean and Pierre took their love of flying to a new level by creating 3 prototypes for helicopters.[6][9], naming them Vuitton-Hubert, Vuitton II and Vuitton III[9] all after their father's famous family name. The helicopters were never formally used but were a display of the Vuitton family's creativity[6]

DeathEdit

On 26 October in 1936 in Asnières-sur-Seine in France, Georges Ferréol Vuitton died at the age of 79 years old[13]. His wife, Josephine Vuitton (née Patrelle) outlived him and died many years later in 1964 in France[13]. All their children outlived them, with Gaston -the eldest of their sons- taking over the brand after his father's death in 1983 at the age of 25, until his own death in 1970 ending the three-generation lead of the Louis Vuitton brand by Vuitton men.[13][4]

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Contemporary fashion. Martin, Richard (Richard Harrison) (1st ed.). New York: St. James Press. 1995. ISBN 1558621733. OCLC 32746769.CS1 maint: others (link)
  2. ^ a b c Holborow, Olivia. "Louis Vuitton". British Vogue. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "History of Louis Vuitton". History of Fashion. 29 May 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mason, Fergus (6 January 2015). Vuitton: A Biography of Louis Vuitton. BookCaps Study Guides. ASIN B00RY8OT08.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Leonforte, Pasols, Pierre, Paul-Gerard (2012). Louis Vuitton: The Birth of Modern Luxury Updated Edition: The Birth of Modern Luxury Updated Edition. Harry N. Abrams, 2012. ISBN 978-1419705564.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "History louis Vuitton a family of malletier". Trunk Louis Vuitton. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d e Vuitton, Louis. "A Legendary History | LOUIS VUITTON". au.louisvuitton.com. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Bellu, Sergu (2008). Louis Vuitton: The Art of the Automobile. Harry N. Abrams; 1st Edition. edition (1 April 2008). ISBN 978-0810995512.
  9. ^ a b c d "Louis Vuitton Aero trunk – Travels, fly". Trunk Louis Vuitton. 22 February 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  10. ^ "{{ ($root.post && $root.post.id) ? $root.post.translations[$root.lang].socialTitle : $root.seo.pageTitle | translate }}". www.nowness.com. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Louis Vuitton Launches City Guides Mobile App". Elite Traveler. 13 November 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  12. ^ a b "History louis Vuitton a family of malletier". Trunk Louis Vuitton. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d e "Family tree of Georges VUITTON". Geneanet. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  14. ^ a b myheritage.com https://www.myheritage.com/research/record-10512-15460924/georges-vuitton-in-ellis-island-other-new-york-passenger-lists?s=609307351. Retrieved 6 May 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)