George O'Brien (actor)
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George O'Brien (April 19, 1899 – September 4, 1985) was an American actor, popular during the silent film era and into the talkie era of the 1930s, best known today as the lead actor in F. W. Murnau's 1927 film Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans.
|Died||September 4, 1985 (aged 86)|
Broken Arrow, Oklahoma, U.S.
(m. 1933; div. 1948)
|Children||3, including Darcy and Orin O'Brien|
Born in San Francisco, California, George O'Brien was the oldest son of Daniel J. and Margaret L. (née Donahue) O'Brien; O'Brien's father later became the Chief of Police for the City of San Francisco. (Dan O'Brien ordered the arrest of Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle in September 1921 at the scandalous Labor Day party held by Arbuckle.) After his retirement from that office, Dan was the Director of Penology for the State of California.
In 1917, O'Brien enlisted in the United States Navy to fight in World War I, serving on a submarine chaser. He volunteered to act as a stretcher bearer for wounded Marines and was decorated for bravery. After the war, O'Brien became Light Heavyweight boxing champion of the Pacific Fleet.
O'Brien came to Hollywood in his early twenties hoping to become a cameraman and worked as an assistant cameraman for a while, for both Tom Mix and Buck Jones. He began his acting career in bit parts and as a stuntman. One of his earliest roles was in the 1922 George Melford-directed drama Moran of the Lady Letty, most notable for starring Rudolph Valentino. In 1924, O'Brien received his first starring role in the drama The Man Who Came Back opposite the English actress Dorothy Mackaill. That same year he was chosen by the famed movie director John Ford to star in The Iron Horse opposite actress Madge Bellamy. The film was an immense success at the box-office and O'Brien made nine more films for Ford. In 1927, he starred in the F. W. Murnau-directed Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans opposite Janet Gaynor, which won three major Academy Awards and remains his most famous film, and also played the lead in the New York City epic East Side, West Side that same year.
O'Brien would spend the remainder of the 1920s as an extremely popular leading man in films, often starring in action and adventure roles alongside such popular actresses of the era as Alma Rubens, Anita Stewart, Dolores Costello, Madge Bellamy, Olive Borden (with whom he was linked romantically during the 1920s), and Janet Gaynor. With the advent of sound, O'Brien became a popular star of Westerns and rarely took parts outside of the Western film genre. Throughout the 1930s, O'Brien was a consistent Top Ten box-office draw appearing in scores of Westerns, often atop his horse named Mike.
During World War II, O'Brien re-enlisted in the United States Navy, where he served as a beachmaster in the Pacific and was decorated several times. He left service with the rank of commander. He later joined the United States Naval Reserve and retired with the rank of captain in 1962, having four times been recommended for the rank of admiral. Following his service in World War II, O'Brien would occasionally take featured parts in films directed by his old friend and mentor John Ford, including Fort Apache, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon, and Cheyenne Autumn. O'Brien's last leading role was in the 1951 movie Gold Raiders, with top-billed O'Brien handling the action and the Three Stooges (Shemp Howard, Larry Fine, and Moe Howard) doing comedy routines in a feature film more or less evenly dividing screen time between O'Brien and the Stooges.
While serving in the Naval Reserve, O'Brien took on a project for the Department of Defense as part of President Eisenhower's "People to People" program. He was project officer for a series of orientation films on three Asian countries. One of these films, on Korea, was directed by his old friend, John Ford. The other two countries covered were Formosa (Taiwan) and the Philippines.
In the 1920s, O'Brien dated actress Olive Borden for many years and most thought they would marry. For some reason (some say his family did not approve of Olive) they ended their relationship and he eventually married actress Marguerite Churchill on July 15, 1933. Their first child, Brian, died 10 days after his birth. Daughter Orin O'Brien became a double bassist for the New York Philharmonic. Their youngest child Darcy O'Brien was a successful writer and college professor. George and Marguerite divorced in 1948.
Later years and deathEdit
O'Brien suffered a stroke in 1981 and was bedridden the last four years of his life. He died in 1985 in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma. For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Brien was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6201 Hollywood Blvd., in Los Angeles, California.
|1922||Moran of the Lady Letty||Deck Hand|
|The Ghost Breaker||A Ghost|
|White Hands||Sailor||Directed by Lambert Hillyer|
|1923||The Ne'er-Do-Well||Clifford||Directed by Alfred E. Green|
|1924||The Man Who Came Back||Henry Potter||Directed by Emmett J. Flynn|
|The Iron Horse||Davy Brandon||Directed by John Ford|
|Shadows of Paris||Louis||Directed by Herbert Brenon|
|1925||The Dancers||Tony||Directed by Emmett J. Flynn|
|The Fighting Heart||Denny Bolton||Directed by John Ford|
|Havoc||Dick Chappel||Directed by Rowland V. Lee|
|Thank You||Kenneth Jamieson||Directed by John Ford|
|1926||The Johnstown Flood||Tom O'Day||Directed by Irving Cummings|
|The Silver Treasure||Nostromo||Directed by Rowland V. Lee|
|The Blue Eagle||George Darcy||Directed by John Ford|
|3 Bad Men||Dan O'Malley||Directed by John Ford|
|1927||Is Zat So?||Ed "Chick" Cowan||Directed by Alfred E. Green|
|Paid to Love||Crown Prince Michael||Directed by Howard Hawks|
|Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans||Farmer||Directed by F. W. Murnau|
|1928||Noah's Ark||Travis/Japheth||Directed by Michael Curtiz|
|Sharp Shooters||George||Directed by John G. Blystone|
|1929||Salute||Cadet John Randall|
|True Heaven||Lieutenant Philip Gresson||Directed by James Tinling|
|Masked Emotions||Bramdlet Dickery||Directed by Kenneth Hawks|
|1930||Rough Romance||Billy West|
|1931||Riders of the Purple Sage||Jim Lassiter||Directed by Hamilton McFadden|
|Seas Beneath||Cmdr. Robert "Bob" Kingsley||Directed by John Ford|
|A Holy Terror||Tony Bard a.k.a. "Woodbury"||Directed by Irving Cummings|
|1932||The Golden West||David Lynch/Motano||Directed by David Howard|
|Robbers' Roost||Jim Wall||Directed by David Howard and Louis King|
|1933||The Last Trail||Tom Daley||Directed by James Tinling|
|1934||Frontier Marshal||Michael Wyatt||Directed by Lewis Seiler|
|1935||The Cowboy Millionaire||Bob Walker||Directed by Edward F. Cline|
|1936||Daniel Boone||Daniel Boone||Directed by David Howard|
|1937||Windjammer||Bruce Lane||Directed by Ewing Scott|
|Park Avenue Logger||Grant Curran||Directed by David Howard|
|1938||Painted Desert||Bob McVey||Directed by David Howard|
|Lawless Valley||Larry Rhodes||Directed by David Howard|
|Gun Law||Tom O'Malley||Directed by David Howard|
|The Renegade Ranger||Captain Jack Steele||Directed by David Howard|
|Border G-Man||Jim Galloway||Directed by David Howard|
|1939||Timber Stampede||Scott Baylor||Directed by David Howard|
|The Fighting Gringo||Wade Barton||Directed by David Howard|
|Marshal of Mesa City||Cliff Mason||Directed by David Howard|
|1940||Triple Justice||Brad Henderson||Directed by David Howard|
|Stage to Chino||Dan Clark||Directed by Edward Killy|
|1947||My Wild Irish Rose||William "Duke" Muldoon||Directed by David Butler|
|1948||Fort Apache||Capt. Sam Collingwood|
|1949||She Wore a Yellow Ribbon||Maj. Mac Allshard|
|1951||Gold Raiders||George O'Brien|
|1964||Cheyenne Autumn||Major Braden|
|1957||Studio 57||1 episode|
|1976||Western Heritage Awards||Won||Trustees Award||For outstanding career portraying the Western movie hero|
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