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George Michael Leader (January 17, 1918 – May 9, 2013) was an American politician. He served as the 36th Governor of Pennsylvania from January 18, 1955 until January 20, 1959. He was a member of the Democratic Party, and a native of York County, Pennsylvania. He was the only person from that county ever to be elected governor of the state until the election of Tom Wolf in 2014.

George M. Leader
Governorgeorgeleader.jpg
36th Governor of Pennsylvania
In office
January 18, 1955 – January 20, 1959
LieutenantRoy Furman
Preceded byJohn Fine
Succeeded byDavid Lawrence
Member of the Pennsylvania Senate
from the 28th district
In office
January 2, 1951 – November 30, 1954
Preceded byGuy Leader
Succeeded byHarry E. Seyler
Personal details
Born
George Michael Leader

(1918-01-17)January 17, 1918
York, Pennsylvania, U.S.
DiedMay 9, 2013(2013-05-09) (aged 95)
Hershey, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Mary Jane Strickler
Alma materGettysburg College
University of Pennsylvania
OccupationChicken hatchery operator

Contents

Early lifeEdit

George Leader was the third child of Guy and Beulah Leader. He grew up on their York County poultry farm, and was educated in a one-room schoolhouse. He later graduated from York High School, then attended Gettysburg College, in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, before transferring to the University of Pennsylvania from which he received an undergraduate degree. He did graduate work at the University of Pennsylvania, with a focus on philosophy, politics, and economics. Leader received an MGA from the Fels Institute of Government at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1939, he married Mary Jane Strickler, and, during World War II, he served on an aircraft carrier in the Pacific Theater.[1]

CareerEdit

Following the war, Leader began a family-operated chicken hatchery, and served in leadership positions in the York County Democratic Party. He successfully ran for Pennsylvania State Senate in 1950, winning the 28th district seat previously held by his father, Guy. In 1952, he ran for State Treasurer of Pennsylvania.[2] Despite narrowly losing that race, he built name recognition for himself that would be useful for any future run for statewide office.[1]

Leader utilized this name recognition to run for governor in 1954. The Republicans had a large edge in voter registration in Pennsylvania at this time, and no Democrat had been elected governor since 1934. Despite these disadvantages, Leader picked up substantial support from labor and agricultural interests, and managed to defeat Lt. Governor Lloyd Wood, the Republican nominee, by 280,000 votes. Sworn in on January 18, 1955, one day after turning 37, he was the second youngest person ever to be elected to the post.[1]

During his administration, Leader initiated programs to deal with Pennsylvania's lackluster economy and its substantial budget deficit.[1] Shortly after taking office, in June 1955 he signed legislation that authorized the construction of a Curtiss-Wright research facility at Quehanna, in Clearfield County; the Sanitary Water Board also issued a permit for the discharge of radioactive waste into Mosquito Creek and the Atomic Energy Commission issued a twenty-year license to operate a four megawatt nuclear reactor.[3] He also increased funding to education, engaged in a highly publicized campaign to reform Pennsylvania's state mental hospitals, and carved out a role for the state in protecting the civil rights of African-Americans and other minorities.[1] As governor, Leader unsuccessfully attempted to create a graduated income tax.[4]

Leader was unable to run for re-election in 1958 because the Pennsylvania Constitution that was in place at that time term limited governors to a single four-year term. Instead, he opted to run that year for a seat in the Senate, a race which he lost to Republican Congressman Hugh Scott.[1]

Later life and deathEdit

Although Leader never again sought elected office following his 1958 defeat, he stayed active in Democratic politics and had spoken out on a number of issues. He and his family established Country Meadows[5] and Providence Place Retirement[6] Communities in the 1980s and 90s, and resided in Hummelstown, Pennsylvania.[1] Leader remained active in operating the non-profit Providence Place Retirement Communities, while his family operated Country Meadows facilities. Country Meadows' CEO is Leader's son G. Michael Leader, COO is son David Leader, and CFO is son-in-law Ted Janeczek. Mary Jane Leader died March 15, 2011, due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.[7]

Upon the death of former Delaware governor Elbert Carvel in 2005, Leader became the earliest serving US governor of any state still living until his death in 2013.

Leader died on May 9, 2013, in Hershey, Pennsylvania at the age of 95 at Country Meadows Retirement Community, which he founded.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Archived 2006-09-25 at the Wayback Machine website
  2. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence (2009). "George Michael Leader entry". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
  3. ^ Susan Strahan, Susquehanna, river of Dreams. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993, 0801846021, p. 189.
  4. ^ Kenneth C. Wolensky with Governor George M. Leader. 2011. The Life of Pennsylvania Governor George M Leader: Challenging Complacency. Bethlehem: Lehigh University Press.
  5. ^ Country Meadows - Independent, Retirement, & Assisted Living Communities in Pennsylvania
  6. ^ Providence Place
  7. ^ The Philadelphia Inquirer
  8. ^ Snyder, Myles (9 May 2013). "Former governor George Leader dies". abc27. Retrieved 9 May 2013.

External linksEdit

Pennsylvania State Senate
Preceded by
Guy Leader
Member of the Pennsylvania Senate
from the 28th district

1951–1954
Succeeded by
Harry E. Seyler
Party political offices
Preceded by
Richardson Dilworth
Democratic nominee for Governor of Pennsylvania
1954
Succeeded by
David Lawrence
Preceded by
Guy Bard
Democratic nominee for US Senator from Pennsylvania
(Class 1)

1958
Succeeded by
Genevieve Blatt
Political offices
Preceded by
John Fine
Governor of Pennsylvania
1955–1959
Succeeded by
David Lawrence
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Elbert Carvel
Earliest serving US governor still living
2005–2013
Succeeded by
Mike Stepovich